• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Urbanization and Settlement

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Problems and Consequences of Urbanization in the Contemporary World (a) The main change in the location of the worlds top 20 most populous cities between the 50 years (from 1950-2000) is the change in countries which these cities are located in. In the year 1950 most cities (65%--13 out of 20 countries) were located in economically more developed countries (such as USA, Mexico, European nations, and Japan). However in the year 2000 the majority of the cities (80%--16 out of 2o countries) were located in economically less developed countries and NICs (such as Brazil, Argentina, India, China, Philippines, and Indonesia). Countries such as Argentina, Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Pakistan, Egypt which were not one of the top most populous cities in 1950 but are predicted to be in the year 2000 are also ELDCs which again fit into the trend that the top 20 cities that are the most populous are shifting from EMDCs to ELDCs. This trend is also strengthen by the fact that in 1950, there were 7 out of 20 cities in Europe however the prediction for the year 2000 did not include any of the previous 7 cities within the ranking. ...read more.

Middle

This is not because the population within these cities dropped greatly in number, but because the number of population in these cities remained constant as other countries (ELDCs) kept increasing. It is said that the more developed a country is, the slower the population growth rate. For example the population growth rate of india in the year 2000 was 1.58% as oppsed to Japan which was 0.18%. EMDCs are more so approaching stage 4 or 5 on the demographic transition model which states that the population does not change by much. This means that as population in ELDCs grew, the population of the EMDCs started to stabilize, Thus the cities of EMDCs were kicked off the list for the top 20 more populous cities. Another reason is as countries develop, more of the country becomes appealing to live in. thus people who may have migrated into the city during the 1950s may migrate back out into the periphery because of the overall development of the country. For example, it is not only in the cities where they have good education, healthcare, transportation and job opportunities. Thus in some cases there was a case of counter-urbanization. ...read more.

Conclusion

This resulted in a high number of populations within the city of Seoul still today. This is because it is impossible to suddenly move the core of a country to other cities, and have people migrate out of Seoul in hope to decrease the problem of over population within Seoul. This is because in present times as well, more has advances within Seoul then the periphery. For example health services are more highly regarded in Seoul than it is in other countries. Also, education is more values within Seoul. Many of the top ranked high schools and universities are located within Seoul which again keeps attracting people to live in Seoul. Although the Governments will is to redistribute the population of South Korea more evenly, because of the circumstances (difference in development in core and periphery) this has been unsuccessful. There are few consequences to the mass number of people in the city. One problem is overpopulation within the city. As a general trend, we can conclude that overpopulation causes many problems for a city such as congestion, and higher crime rate. This then becomes a growth pole, and continues growing, with most investment and growth focusing on that city at the expense of the periphery. Therefore, the primate city continues growing, while other cities' growth stagnates or stays the same. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Population in Brazil

    5 star(s)

    Brazil's population is often characterized by its vast growth, youthful inhabitants, extremely diverse origins and easily geographic mobility. In the 1960 census, Brazil's population was growing rapidly (figure 2) with women having six children on average. Today, women are having less children (an average of three).

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    The committee met with executives, professionals, employers, grassroot leaders, trade unionists, NUS students, foreign talent, artistes, polytechnic and ITE students, ethnic minority groups, returned graduates and scholars and the teaching and medical professions. (A summary of views articulated is at Annex A.)

  1. Shanty Case Study

    One has to pay off people in the hierarchy of power to get materials into Nairobi to even start implicating programs set up by the government and international organizations. One example of how bad corruption is in Kenya is that the international monetary fund had frozen funding in 2001.

  2. Population Density Comparism

    In Jalandhar we see that the number of people per household is 5, there not much different between Jalandhar and Amritsar this is because the area of Jalandhar is much smaller to that of Amritsar and this lead to an increase in the number of people per household.

  1. There are a variety of causes and constraints affecting peoples decisions to migrate ...

    They are all French speaking, despite their independence. France has been under pressure to tighten its immigration policies. Since 1974, it has prohibited "new" immigration from North Africa but people are allowed to join family members already resident in France. This leads to an inflow of about 120.000 immigrants per year and, in addition, there is some illegal immigration.

  2. Aids in India

    They are often shunned by their communities, they are not protected under local laws, and may be denied their property rights and rights to inheritance. Those orphans who cannot be taken in by relatives or by their communities will become street children.

  1. Antarctica Report - The Location And Purpose Of Mawson Station

    The issue of excess waste polluting the environment is also a result of original waste management strategies not being adequate or designed for a situation like this where the amount of humans present in Antarctica is much more than forecasted.

  2. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    The levels are defined as follows: 1. Individual Corruption: Corruption that takes place primarily in relations between individual citizens and public officials and authorities. 2. Business Corruption: Corruption that takes place primarily in relations between enterprises/companies and public officials and authorities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work