Using the 2000 population census, discuss Ghanas population structure bringing out the demographic and socio-economic implication.

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Introduction

DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS STATS & ACTUARIAL SCIENCE 3 TAY FRANCIS TENNYSON 9719806 BUSUMTWI EMMNAUEL 9700006 APPIAH EMMANUEL KWEKU 9697906 Question Using the 2000 population census, discuss Ghana's population structure bringing out the demographic and socio-economic implication. 2000 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS OF GHANA The 2000 Population and Housing Census (PHC) of Ghana was forth post independence Population Census in Ghana. The earlier 3 post independence censuses did not collect detailed information on housing. The 2000 Population and Housing Census was therefore the first time Ghana collected information on both population and housing. The 2000 Population and Housing Census started on midnight of 26th March 2000. 26th March 2000 was therefore the census night. The process lasted for 3 weeks. Ghana's population can be described as a stationary one since it has a moderate proportion of children and aged persons with slow growth rate. ...read more.

Middle

Most of them in search of greener pastures. This has resulted in the high rate of unemployment and increase in social vices. The average fertility rate has seen much improvement since the last census. It has decreased from 6.2 to 4.2 as an estimate to the number of children an average woman would have during her reproductive years. With this fertility rate, migration has also declined. The number of the young migrating has reduced. The country still needs to provide more facilities to cater for the population growing now. More schools need to be built, job opportunities made available all to cater them. Because of the high number of the young in the population, there is the risk of social vices especially from the young who do not make it in life. ...read more.

Conclusion

This referring to the ratio of the dependent-age population (the young and the old) on the working-age population. Here the dependency ratio is 0.75 meaning there are 0.75 dependents per working-age person which is nearly one dependent for each working age person. This is a fair heavy load as compared with that of the world which has 0.56 as dependency ratio. For individuals with large families, this impact is very visible. Even those without children are also affected since the effect of higher taxes to pay school fees; health facilities and good adequate housing to support accommodate all. Workers end up saving less because they have to spend on their families and dependents. The government also loses because more money goes in subsidizing food housing and education instead using the monies for more development such as road, power etc ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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