• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Water Shortages in Australia and the Government's Response.

Extracts from this document...


1.Identify a global problem that you have studied, explain what measures have been taken to address the problem and say whether they have been successful. (N 2004) One of the many global problems is the Millennium Development Goals, which are goals set by the United Nation on the year 2000. The United Nations set 8 goals to be met by 2015; one of the goals is Environmental Sustainability. Environmental Sustainability, Goal 7 is the idea of living in a world that is sustainable by it self. Goal 7 has 3 targets, target one is to integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources. One of the main resources in the earth is water as it is considered to be the source of life. Water is a scarce resource even though in the earth there are 1,360,000,000 km3 of water. ...read more.


"Water For the Future" has 4 main principles such as taking action on climate change, using water wisely, securing water supplies and supporting healthy rivers. Other vital elements of the program are the Water Act 2007 and the Council of Australian Government Work Program on Water Agreed Actions 2008, both in relation to the Murray-Darling Basin, the most agriculturally productive area of Australia and home to the Murray River and the Darling River. Even though all these actions have been taken by the government nation-wide, other actions have been taken by each state as each of Australia's 8 states has a different approach to the problem as there are vital differences such as population, water supply, water shortage, rainy season, etc. The state of Victoria, located at the southern coast of Australia has 5 million habitants and 80% of Victoria's population is focused on Melbourne, it's capital. Melbourne has integrated rules and regulations as part of their policies. ...read more.


Melbourne's citizens have managed to reduce their shower time as well as fitting water saving shower heads and they have managed to only use on average 131 liters of water a day including the water they use for laundry, cooking, washing and cleansing. In conclusion the Commonwealth of Australia is a country that has managed to successfully address the problem of integrating the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs by introducing policies such as the National Water Initiative, the Water Act and the COAG Work program on Water agreed actions and programs such as "Water for the Future", Melbourne's programs both the restrictions and the "Save Water Target 155" program, and reversing the loss of environmental resources such as water by reducing the amount of water used in agriculture by 50% and encouraging their citizens, specially Melbourne's citizens to use less than 155 liters of water a day. Andrea Diaz ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Pro-natalist Australia

    4 star(s)

    allocation of budgets by government, leading to fewer burdens to raise babies. Despite the fact that there is possibility that the population policy will resolve the current population problems, some scientists are opposed to the population policy as they anticipate there would be environmental predicaments.

  2. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    Transitional help can be provided for foreign talent and their families so that they can adapt to our local conditions. Programmes could be organised to help them adapt to and assimilate with our lifestyle, eg. Singapore history and culture. Packages should also be created to 'sell' Singapore as best home, and attract them to sink roots here.

  1. global warming

    The photo I took it from this page: 5) Here I insert the subtitle of Global warming effects and explain the main problem by enumeration. 6) I put a lot of pictures here so I impact the reader and can reflection about this problems the photos I took it from this pages: htthttp://www.worldwildlife.org/climate/images/polar-bear0901.jpgp://www.fws.gov/home/hurricane/katrina-nasa.jp http://www.spiritofmaat.com/announce/images/globwarm_ttl.jpg http://www.newportsurfshots.com/Street-Surfing-04'-037.jpg 7)

  2. Climate changes in Canada. What consequences derive from the climate change in Canada ...

    Furthermore, the existence of coldwater species has declined. Therefore, the impact of climate change will be more evident and intermediate in the Arctic. For example, coho salmons have been found outside their range in the Northwest Territories, and most likely, it is the result of climate warming.

  1. Geo Internal Assesment 2005

    We used the secchi disk by measuring the cm. the rope gave at the last moment the secchi disk was seen while sinking it, and then measure the cm. given by the rope at the first sight of the secchi disk under the water while pulling it out. (see fig.

  2. What are the effects of global warming and initiatives taken by Wales and Iceland ...

    These are to achieve, by 2020: â¼ A 20% reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels; â¼ An increase in the contribution of renewable sources to energy consumed in the EU to 20%; and â¼ A 20% improvement in the EU's energy efficiency.

  1. Drought in Australia Research Project

    Australia is a country known for having eight deserts, and thus a lack of precipitation would be common. According to the Bureau of Meteorology, an interval in which rainfall is below the 10% mark of rainfall1 in a region is considered to be drought.

  2. The Problem of Corruption in Egypt

    Bank & IFC: Doing Business 2013 report that to obtain a construction permit, a company is required to go through 22 procedures, taking 218 days * The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013:states that business executives surveyed give government administrative requirements (permits, regulations, reporting)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work