• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the effects of global warming and initiatives taken by Wales and Iceland to reduce these effects?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked What are the effects of global warming and initiatives taken by Wales and Iceland to reduce these effects? An introduction to global warming Climate change stemming from human activity is one of the greatest challenges to mankind in the 21st century. Climate change is a global issue, and measures designed to reduce it cannot be successful unless the nations of the world act together in a co-ordinated and harmonious manner. The countries of the world have joined forces under the auspices of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which was ratified in 1992, and the Kyoto Protocol to that Convention, which was ratified in 1997 and took effect in 2005. Global warming is an international issue that inevitably will affect everyone at some point, whether it is low coastline villages in MEDC?s, or farmers in less developed countries such as Africa. Global warming is a natural phenomenon that is extremely important in the process of keeping the Earth warm; however as people have dismissively used our natural resources, we have enhanced the greenhouse effect, ultimately causing a chain reaction of problems. The greenhouse effect occurs whereby solar radiation is emitted by the sun as short wave radiation, then absorbed and re-emitted as long wave radiation. The gases in the atmosphere such as water vapour, methane and carbon dioxide absorb the infrared radiation and emit it in all directions. The thermal energy that does not make it out into space is then trapped in the lower layer of the atmosphere and heats it up. In this individual investigation, we will be exploring the effects of global warming and initiatives taken by Wales and Iceland to reduce these effects, and reinforcing the investigation by comparing the situation of global ...read more.

Middle

letsrecycle.com Percentages of recycling in Iceland is very low compared to Wales at about 26% in 2006, which was at its highest. Since then it has fluctuated, and been around 16% in some years. So what have both countries done to reduce landfill waste? Wales has begun to impose higher landfill taxes in order to discourage throwing away household waste and more environmentally friendly waste management techniques such as recycling. Local authorities have been encouraged by the government to increase the provision of free recycling bins, etc… to ease the process and reduce the hassle of recycling. Iceland on the other hand have difficulties with recycling their waste because of their climate conditions making recycling particularly costly. Instead initiatives have been set up to cut down the amount of waste through reducing packaging of items e.g. in shops by at least 50% by 2025. 1. Renewable Energy Renewable energy reduces the amount of polluting gases in the atmosphere producing cleaner energy through harnessing solar energy, wind energy etc… Renewable energy is a fundamental way to reduce our carbon footprint and has been invested heavily in both Wales and Iceland. In fact, Iceland is 100% renewable through harnessing geothermal, and hydroelectric power. reneweconomy.com.au C:\Users\User\Downloads\unnamed.jpg Iceland's unique geology allows it to produce renewable energy relatively cheaply, from a variety of sources. Iceland is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which makes it one of the most tectonically active places in the world. There are over 200 volcanoes located in Iceland and over 600 hot springs. There are over 20 high-temperature steam fields that are at least 150 °C; many of them reach temperatures of 250 °C. ...read more.

Conclusion

Emissions graph Chrisbeales.net The graph shows we have exceeded our target to reduce our emissions to reach the demands of the bound Kyoto Protocol agreement. The UK has been involved in innumerable strategies to overstep the targets set including: â¼ Reducing demand for energy with smart meters and other energy-efficient measures for industry, businesses and the public sector. â¼ Reducing emissions by improving the energy efficiency of properties through the Green Deal. â¼ Providing incentives for public and private sector organisations to take up more energy-efficient technologies and practices through the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme. â¼ Reducing greenhouse gases and other emissions from transport. Iceland, because of its well-regulated carbon emissions and initiatives, is authorised to produce 10% more carbon emissions of its 1990 baseline, but set target to reduce 50-75% of its emissions by the deadline 2050. As of 2012 Iceland was on target. Global warming survey – Master copy 1. How much have you learned about climate change? What do you believe about it? 2. How much does the topic concern you in general? Why? 3. What do you know about both the short-term and long-term consequences of climate change? 4. What steps can individuals take to help reduce the effects of climate change worldwide? Table of Contents An introduction to global warming 1 How does global warming occur? 1 What are the effects of global warming on an international scale? 1 People’s outtake on global warming2 Analysis of results 2 How do humans increase the effect of global warming? 2 How can people reduce the greenhouse effect on a personal level? 2 So what have both countries done to reduce landfill waste? 3 A comparison between Iceland & Wales4 Evaluation & conclusion of this investigation 4 Global warming survey – Mater copy 5 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    In the 1990s, manufacturing has been growing at an average of 8 % a year. Today, manufacturing accounts for about a quarter of Singapore's GDP and employs about 23% of Singapore's workforce. 26. In the 1960s, when unemployment in Singapore was high, Singapore attracted many manufacturing Multi-National Companies (MNCs)

  2. The coastline of the resort of Sitges is being effectively managed

    The nightclub is used a lot for tourism and lies on the western edge of the Sitges coastline as can been seen in the map above figure3, needing to be protected to encourage tourism. Also with the railway line running immediately behind this, linking Barcelona to Sitges and another way of bringing tourism in.

  1. Analysis of Plastic Recycling in Uganda.

    Plastics are also another category of materials that are recycled. Plastic is basically any chemically produced substance that can be formed into different shapes when heated. In our day to day life this exists in form of cups, furniture, plastic bags, basins and many more other household items.

  2. Effectiveness of strategies designed to reduce disparities

    Most deaths occur in remote villages or at home are due to pneumonia, gastroenteritis or malaria. There is a large gap between highlands and islands in terms of educational status. Highlands are disadvantaged due to their geographical reason whereas costal ports retained advantage they gained from earlier contact with outside world.

  1. Case study on Aral Sea

    This is a dangerous process for the region as for most of Central Asia this is the only source of fresh water supply left. If this continues there will be a like a cover of the pollutant sediments on top of the glaciers, therefore this does not allow it to

  2. Tourism Case Study

    This will help create an educated workforce that the country will need in the near future if it wants to develop to the next level. The negative impact of this would be the expenses, as well as how to enforce it.

  1. Study of Agricultural Systems

    The land is relatively cheap, so large areas can be purchased. An increase in the use of contract labour, especially at harvest times, reflects the small labour force employed full-time on farms. In conclusion, extensive commercial farming is a sustainable and stable form of agriculture because the level of input

  2. Field Study - Granville Island, Vancouver

    While circling Granville Island's outer boundaries, they questioned people along the way. By surveying visitors, the group found out the estimated distance and time visitors were willing to travel along with their reason for visit.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work