• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why are coral reefs important?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Distribution (5 marks) Coral reefs are distributed unevenly in the oceans. Most of the coral reefs are mainly located in the Pacific Ocean, near regions such as Australia, Indonesia and along the seas of China and Japan. There are also coral reefs located in the Caribbean, in the Atlantic Ocean. Small amount of coral reefs are also found near India, the Red Sea, which is in the Indian Ocean. Each continent has coral reefs located close to the shoreline, with the exception of Europe. The pattern is that coral reefs are located close to the equator and also close to the coastline (including island coastline). ...read more.

Middle

Without them, islands and coasts will quickly erode away into the ocean. * Coral reefs and the associated communities of sea grasses and mangroves are sensitive indicators of water quality and the ecological integrity of the ecosystem.therefore, the coral reefs can be monitored to identify changes in in water quality, such as temperature, salinity and chemical properties in order to help us to know how to protect our vital marine resources. * The coral reefs appear to be able to recover quickly from physical disturbance or temporary pollution events. The vast number of organisms living in the coral reefs provide help to keep many unwanted environmental changes from happening. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Coral reefs are considered as a tourist attraction, which in turn offers jobs and income for many people. (e.g. In the 1990s, over four million tourists visited the Florida Keys each year, contributing $1.2 billion annually to tourism-related services.) * As coral reefs acts like natural buffers, it offers shoreline protection especially for people who resides near the coast, as there properties could be well protected. * Coral reefs are important sources of new medicines which could help with the treatment of cancers and other diseases. Also it importance have also extended to areas such as nutritional supplements, pesticides, cosmetics and other commercial products. * Coral reefs are a source of raw materials in many parts of the world. * It is estimated that 2-2.5 million people around the world keep marine aquaria. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Geography essays

  1. Foreign Talent-Dilemma in Singapore. as we shall explain, illustrate and seek to convince in ...

    We make further recommendations later in the report. Major Concern 2: Will My Children Have a Place in School? 48. The second key concern expressed was Singapore children were being crowded out of our schools. Many (59% in the Straits Times survey)

  2. The coastline of the resort of Sitges is being effectively managed

    prevent coastal erosion happening and the housing behind this is not put at risk. Move seawards - this is a movement of the beach down towards the sea and place sand dunes there to prevent the coastal erosion causing damage to the infrastructure.

  1. Field Study - Granville Island, Vancouver

    PUBLIC MARKET: The group stood at the door for 10 minutes and complete 3 trials of head-counts of people entering and exiting. The dynamic and density of traffic flow may reflect business rates, directly linked to the question of whether Granville Island is a higher order central place or not.

  2. Antarctica Report - the environment and scientific research

    * The general science building where majority of the science is conducted. * The Aeronomy- atmospheric space physics. * The Magnetic Variometer Hut. * The magnetic absolutes hut. * A Sun recorder building. * The Red shed?s living quarters, surgery, lounge, kitchen, dining, theatre and recreation rooms.

  1. Geography - Building a Sustainable House in Australia

    * Current main water is typically stored in dams, treated with chemicals such as chlorine to kill of bacteria and make it safe, and then pumped through a network of pipes throughout the community. * Rainwater harvesting will not be required to be treated with chemicals and chlorine-significant health benefit.

  2. Drought in Australia Research Project

    It is estimated that 5.2% of Australian citizens are unemployed9, and prolonged drought will only serve to increase this number. Water is essential for human survival; thus in the face of a drought those living in rural Australia must find ways of obtaining water.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work