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Why do China and Hong Kong have an ageing population? What influence have political decisions had on the population structure of China and Hong Kong?

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Introduction

Sheryl Chan 11.6 Why do China and Hong Kong have an ageing population? What influence have political decisions had on the population structure of China and Hong Kong? ?Rising life expectancies and improved health means the population is ageing more slowly and the burden may not be as dramatic as feared, scientists say.? The problem of ageing population is getting worst in Europe and Asia, and China is one of them. China is the largest and most populous country in the world. The world?s population has approximately 6.7 billion people and China has over 1.3 billion which is almost one fifth of the world?s total. Hong Kong has a small number of population compare to the total number of China, and which is about 7.3 million. ...read more.

Middle

Some traditional people used to think that having a male baby is a fortune to them because he can inherit all their properties and since the status of female was lower than male before. People kept having children until they have a male baby and it caused overpopulation. This problem was significantly improved after the one child policy was 0implemented, but it seemed causing another problem in China. This policy caused the birth rate to drop rapidly and the number of elderly keep increasing. This will form a inverted pyramid which the bottom is the number of babies and the top is the number of elderly. Nowadays, more women are concentrate on their career and because of the economics crisis, lots of people want to earn more money before they have their own family. ...read more.

Conclusion

As the technology nowadays is getting more advanced, people are living longer. The National Health Service improved and great development of medicine make people especially elderly live through diseases that they previously wouldn?t have survived. If the ageing population in China and Hong Kong are getting more serious, it will cause a big problem to the government and the citizens since they will have a heavy burden, government will spend more money on the elderly and workers will have to pay more taxes to get the balance. Causes and consequences of an ageing population? - Yahoo! Answers. (n.d.). Yahoo! Answers - Home. Retrieved September 27, 2010, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080925021156AANp1iA Population Ageing. (n.d.). Causes and Consequence. Retrieved September 27, 2010, from docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:pVZ4X7hWE0AJ:www.cas.uio.no/Publications/Seminar/Complexity_Grundy.pdf+aging+population+cause&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShpB2AJyAB688ou2TpfWJOGFj4j6CBaaGCrbMOezTQJvnD9kBvARngXfaCm14d2BCz33Q0t1VH4X_C_YArbgntvNLEBMKxrjJj5LHK9qUHLznt_5YTMShPMY3SsxVLhpZgz3QgG&sig=AHIEtbTmGGkQIOlXkwrvpwDy8yVY7s8LIw China Population. (n.d.). The Population Growth of the World's Largest Country. Retrieved September 27, 2010, from http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/chinapopulation.htm BBC News - Cost of ageing population 'needs re-calculating'. (n.d.). BBC - Homepage. Retrieved September 27, 2010, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-11243976 ...read more.

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