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With reference to specific examples, examine the advantages of migrations

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With reference to specific examples, examine the advantages of migrations Migration can be defined as a movement and in human terms usually refers to a permanent or semi permanent change of home. In spatial aspects there are two main types of migrations: internal and external migration where internal migration is the movement within a country whilst external migration is the movement across national boundaries and across countries. On the other hand, in temporal aspects there are many types of migrations: permanent, semi-permanent, seasonal, daily, forced and voluntary migration among which the last two are the most prominent. Voluntary migration can be defined as the free movement of migrants looking for an improved quality of life and personal freedom (jobs, improved housing e.t.c) whilst forced migration is when people have to leave their country because they are forced away from it for reasons beyond their control (wars, famines, e.t.c) In this essay I will attempt to examine the advantages and disadvantages of voluntary and forced migration (internal and external) concerning both the host and origin nations with references to the Philippines, United Kingdom, China, India, New Orleans and Darfur. ...read more.


Therefore, researchers are fervently suggesting that people residing in the Southwestern tribal belt of India should engage themselves in seasonal migration solely due to the fact that stress on the resources of the area and dangers faced by population stress can be alleviated, especially during strenuous times like during endemics, famine e.t.c. Hence, the above two advantages clearly portray the benefits that internal and external migration have brought upon the country of origin. There are also many benefits that migration has brought upon in the host country. Firstly, for migrants, there are evidently better wages and more job opportunities. As stated before, approximately 11% of the population in the Philippines migrate in order to financially support their families back in the Philippines as wages for the same jobs are much higher abroad than in the Philippines. For instance, working as a nurse in the United Kingdom, one would get paid around �25,000 per annum whilst one would get paid around �1,800 when working as a nurse in the Philippines. Hence, at the host country a migrant would get much higher wages for a vocation as opposed to the wages he or she would get when working for the same vocation in the country of origin. ...read more.


Likewise, in terms of the conflict in Darfur which began more than five years ago after a rebel group began attacking government targets, more than 2 million Darfuris have been forced from their homes and are living in camps where they are being provided with food, shelter and medical services. Even though there are constant attacks being made on these camps, these Dafuri refugees still have a guarantee of safety and the basic necessities of life which they wouldn't even get close to if they still had been amidst the conflict in Darfur. Thus in conclusion, voluntary migration (internal/external) has brought upon many advantages to both the host country and the country of origin. The advantages for the country of origin come in the form of remittances causing the alleviation of poverty to a certain extent (Philippines), reduction in the population pressures and resource stress (India). As for the host country, advantages come in the form of high incomes for the migrants and the host populations (United Kingdom), availability of unregulated low-cost labour (China) and cultural mixing (Hong Kong and New York). In addition to this, benefits of forced migration are also explored in the form of provision of security and the basic necessities of life for forced migrants (Darfur and New Orleans). ...read more.

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