• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

diet in sports

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BIOLOGY GROUP 4 PROJECT REPORT GROUP 3 GROUP MEMBERS * Nick Kariuki * Peris Mukoko * Eric Mugendi (group leader) * Christine Jobita * Omar Chaudry * Susan Kariuki INTRODUCTION Diet refers to the amount and type of food we eat. In sports, the type of food a player eats determines his performance as well as his general well being. Therefore, the player has to include several key components into his diet, among them carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water. Each of these components has its own important function, and together they form a balanced diet. Components of a balanced diet * Carbohydrates: Provide energy * Proteins: Used for growth and repair of body tissues * Lipids: Used to provide energy, thermal insulation, source of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K * Vitamins: Needed in small amounts for good health, therefore have to be in the diet * Minerals: Occur in form of ions, needed to maintain osmotic balance in cells, some have specific functions e.g. ...read more.

Middle

* The food substance was mounted on the mounting needle. * The food substance was heated using the Bunsen burner. * As soon as the food substance ignited it was placed under the glass beaker. * The new temperature of the water was measured. * After the food substance burned the new mass recorded. * NB- The deflagrating spoon was used for the butter and margarine instead of the mounting needles. RESULTS Energy Content Energy change = mass x specific heat capacity x change in temperature Bread = 50x4200x2.5= 525J Almonds =50x4200x33= 6930J Beans =50x4200x8= 1630J Peanuts =50x4200x25= 1680J Butter =50x4200x9= 1890J Margarine =50x4200x7= 1420J OBSERVATIONS * The food substances that had oils (nuts) contained the most energy * Almonds contained the most energy (6930 1) * The lipids contained more energy than the proteins and the carbohydrates. Bread had 525J, while beans had 1630 J. Butter had 1890 J. * Conclusion * The peanuts and almonds were the best sources of energy SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE -What areas of sport do you specialize in? ...read more.

Conclusion

This special diet give one energy to last for this long period * Hot peppers are not advisable because they make the heart beat faster thus tiring one faster OBSERVATIONS * Most responses that we got indicated that most sports do have a special training diet, and each diet was designed for the person playing to achieve the specific requirements of that sport, for example, rugby requires plenty of carbohydrates because it is an intensiveenergy sport * All the responses indicated that players were advised against eating fried foods and red meat. This is because they are difficult to digest and add to the cholesterol level as well as the body fat content * 0ne player indicated they were advised against drinking alcohol. We took this to be because alcohol is a diuretic, meaning it increases urine levels and reduces coordination Conclusion * Most sports have specific requirements for the players, with each sport requiring a specific diet to achieve this requirement * Each sport has a number of foods the player is advised not to eat for various reasons ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Group 4 Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Group 4 Projects essays

  1. IB GR4 Project / Global Warming

    5) At the same time, using another tank, repeat this procedure, making up 1.5 litres of acid rain (of pH 4) instead of the distilled water. 6) By using the pH to concentration formula, we were able to work out the concentration of acid required to make pH, and found that this was 0.0001M hydrochloric acid.

  2. homeostasis and sports - experiments measuring the effects of exercise on the body

    + or - 0.00mmol/L Volunteer 1 13.8 4.9 Volunteer 2 5.6 6.2 Data Processing and Presentation. Positive feed back (use up of glucose) High blood glucose level low blood glucose level Negative feedback (break down of glycogen) Conclusion and Evaluation The hypothesis was proved to be true.

  1. Group 4 Chemistry - Amylase

    6.7 - 7.0 Amylase (Beta) 4.6 - 5.2 Catalase 7.0 For Part 3 of the experiment the results gained were also good. These set of results also confirmed the predictions made at the beginning. The greatest rate of reaction was that of test tube with a pH buffer of 7.

  2. Determine the presence of reducing sugar, protein and starch in the food products by ...

    This basically means that Biuret test is used to determine the presence of protein in the substance. The reagent has a color of light-blue, and it includes sodium hydroxide (10% NaOH) and copper (II) sulphate (1% solution of CuSO4). The indicator-color is purple.

  1. Comparing the depiction of Indian women in the paintings of RAJA RAVI VARMA during ...

    Hussain, Satish Gujral, Laxman Shreshtha, Deepak Shinde, S.H. Raza etc.? it was his paintings that launched a feministic phase in India that had been fettered in the colonial chains for centuries. The paintings of Indian women by Raja Ravi are innumerable, but they can be broadly divided into three parts, namely, ??Puranic,' ?Religious,' and ?Scenes from Hindu Classical Drama'.

  2. Research Report Time management strategies among HKU SPACE Community College students".

    Only 3 students felt that they always had too much time, and they all did not have planning habit and 4 male students felt frequently. 14 students felt sometimes, which included 10 males and 4 females. 10 students felt rarely, 5 of them were male and 5 were female.

  1. Research Project. Social networks: How they influenced business and employment

    These websites are used as a forum where people can come together and discuss. Businesses also use these websites to find other business selling the good they need or to find buyers for their own goods and services. These services can help achieve the ultimate business aim of growth and increase the companies? customer base.

  2. Group 4 Journal. Our process was an industrial one called Aquaponics. Aquaponics is ...

    Impellers contained within the body of the pump start turning. The rotation of the impellers sucks water into the body of the pump. The impellers then push the water out of the pump and up through the pipe to the water tank.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work