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International Baccalaureate: History
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- Marked by Teachers essays 3
This essay will assess the Australian governments efforts towards reconciliation with Aboriginal peoples, particularly the apology to the Stolen Generations and the Close the Gap campaign.
This left a legacy of trauma and loss over many generations that continues to affect Indigenous communities, families and individuals today. (Australianstogether.org.au, n.d.) There were mixed emotions within the Indigenous community in response to the speech. Some felt it provided much needed closure and it marked the beginning of a journey of healing and reconciliation: ?Sorry may just be a word, but it should help the history of our past come back into our curriculum for the current generation to learn. An apology will mean a monumental weight has been lifted from people's shoulders.? - Sudye Jackson, retired Aboriginal footballer.
- Word count: 1526
Additionally, ideas presented by Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, Founder of the Naval War college and author of books based on the ?influence of sea power upon history,? began to seep into the desirous minds of Americans. They yearned to adapt Mahan?s idea which suggested the need to build a powerful maritime force, both naval and commercial, in order for the US to rise against all in such a competitive world. He also suggested expanding the country?s trade by increasing oversea markets for American goods.
- Word count: 1194
It was the new cosmopolitan lifestyle against the rural tradition, secular against religion, authoritarian against liberal political cultures. Spain became polarised during the 1930s and thus created two camps which then allowed the Africanistas appeal the to more Right-wing already organised camp on the precedent that the Republic was not able to impose concrete reform that could reconcile all social groups - due to being internally divided. The mini-welfare state the First Republic attempted to impose is an example of this, the promise of a new welfare state raised expectations, but when the Republic failed to fully deliver on this, the Spaniards interpreted it as a policy failure.
- Word count: 1534
In what ways, and with what success, did Alex II attempt to modernise Russia and preserve imperial power?
The first reform introduced to Russia by Alex II was the idea to for the Emancipation of the Serfs. It granted him the titles ?The Liberator? due to the seemingly generous sacrifice for the Serf population. His intention however, was to liberate the Serf population a on a small-scale in order to supress revolutionaries. Alex II saw that the Serf population was beginning to become restless and he knew that the only way that Tsardom could operate successfully was with the cooperation from the bottom of the social hierarchy.
- Word count: 1062
France had been reduced by her defeat to second-rank status and resented it whilst Austria - Hungary on the other hand accepted subordinate status as an ally of Germany (Dual Alliances of 1879). Bismarck saw these wars as necessary in the progression of the empire, he was not a man of brutal force unlike Kaiser Wilhelm II, hence when he died in 1898 the Kaiser passed a Naval Law the same year. This triggered response from the British Empire as it had the dominant navy power as well as France as they were still recovering from the Franco - Prussian war of 1871 and were in proximity.
- Word count: 1521
The 1920?s were quite cautious years due to domestic concerns as well as Mussolini?s newness to the position. However, the few international incidents Italy was involved in, specifically the Corfu Incident of 1923, showed his readiness and enthusiasm to use force. The Italians had occupied the Greek island of Corfu after the Italian General Tellini was murdered on the Greek border. Mussolini, bombarded the Greek coastlines and demanded Greece pay a fine, which they eventually did. Intentionalist historians, like Macgregor Knox, believe that there was the premeditated desire for expansion that would be much more prevalent in the 1930?s.
- Word count: 1313