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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. US and the Vietnam War

    war with a connection to the politics status in Vietnam during the time, the tactics used and the public and media influences. B. Summary of Evidence "During the nine years of official American involvement in the Vietnam War over two million Vietnamese and 58,219 Americans lost their lives.... truly represent a great tragedy." Wiest, Andrew. Essential Histories: War and Conflict in Modern Times The Vietnam War. New York: Rosen, 2002. Pg. 5 "... they [the Vietcong] would blend in with the population, indoctrinating them and launching guerilla attacks on the superior enemy."

    • Word count: 2705
  2. Enlightenment Essay

    [5] The philosophers came up with the ideas on religious tolerance, political equality, faith in science and education. [6] The most important Enlightenment idea is "separation of power," because it marked a new epoch by the name of government, it guaranteed to protect the individual rights, and would become fundamental element of many countries' government in the future. John Locke, or "the father of the Enlightenment, wrote his ideas about establishing a new government in his famous work, "Two Treatises of Government." According to him, it was necessary for a civil society to have a government with different branches, including a powerful legislature and an active executive.

    • Word count: 655
  3. Civil War Prompt

    This idea, where people had more loyalty to their own state than they did their country, is called sectionalism and it created many problems for the United States. One of the main problems that sectionalism influenced was the dispute over slavery. Northern states believed that practicing slavery made states stagnant, dependent on free labor, and that it denied them opportunities to advance; this belief was known as the Free Soil Ideology. Southern states disagreed and thought highly of slavery because it powered their economies.

    • Word count: 1013
  4. Napoleon: Son or Enemy of the Revolution

    He was very harsh regarding independence and freedom of an individual, nevertheless, made his people believe otherwise. He used propaganda to make the French think that he was a considerate ruler. He manipulated public opinion by publishing only favorable material and by extensive use of what Hitler called 'the Big Lie'. Confident in the image created by a carefully controlled press and by the paintings of David and G�ricault, Napoleon was able to appeal directly to the people for their support.

    • Word count: 1513
  5. epicureanism

    Epicurus sees the universe as infinite and eternal and composed only of body and space. Among the bodies, some compounds, other atoms or elements are stable and indivisible. They are the incorporation of compound bodies. The world, as the human eye perceives it, is the result of vortices, collisions and aggregations of atoms, each of which has only shape, size and weight. In biology, Epicurus prefigures the modern doctrine of natural selection. He said the natural forces give rise to different types of organisms, and only those who are able to support themselves and spread can survive.

    • Word count: 567
  6. Cause of WW1

    The basic logic behind Weltpolitik saw the Kaiser claim that German industrial expansion was so dependent on imports that a vast colonial empire was needed, with a large navy to support it. Thus, Weltpolitik was committed to a large programme of naval expansion, which subsequently lead to the rivalry and pre-war tension between Great Britain. All major powers resisted the German move towards becoming a dominant world power, resulting in Germany taking only small territorial gains. The policy was costly and resulted in other European powers regarding Germany as a real danger to peace.

    • Word count: 1062
  7. Compare and contrast the policies of the USA and USSR towards Korea between 1945 and 1955

    This report, by the National Security Council, lead to the Americans defending the South Koreans from the invasions of the Communists in North Korea. * Where the superpowers were to take joint responsibility for repatriating Japanese forces, it was meant to be a temporary arrangement. The United States and the Soviet Union agreed at the Council of Foreign Ministers' Moscow Conference on the creation of a Korean provisional government, leading to independence. This became increasingly difficult to achieve over time because the USA and USSR became less willing to co-operate, adding onto the tense atmosphere of the Cold War.

    • Word count: 3122
  8. Cold War Interview

    Were scared at any point that there would be nuclear war breaking out? The widespread feeling of fear of nuclear war was at its peak during the Cuban Missile Crisis, everyone felt that due to the close proximity of the missile sites in Cuba it just escalated the whole situation and nearly brought on nuclear war between the USA and the Soviet Union. However in contrast, I felt very proud of President Kennedy's hard line attitude towards the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis because I believed that we should retaliate if they refuse to back down.

    • Word count: 592
  9. Unification of Spain

    Isabella used the political power she had established to make political changes, which led up to the unity of the nation. 1492 was a very important year for Spain because so many important attempts and events took place during that year. For example, Isabella and Ferdinand's desire to further conquer Grenada from the Muslims set off political sparks between them. It took a while before they could get Boabdil (the sultan of Grenada) to surrender, but he did. Another very important event that took place in 1492 was Columbus's voyage, which was sponsored greatly by Isabella, giving her a huge political image.

    • Word count: 618
  10. Rwanda Genocide

    During the ruling of Belgium over Rwanda in 1918 (encyclopedia, 2010), the Belgiums segregated Rwanda into two main ethnic groups: The Hutus and the Tutsis, who originally shared exactly the same beliefs, tradition and language. Before the Belgiums seized power of Rwanda from Germany at the Berlin Conference in 1885 (wikipedia, 2010), the people of Rwanda were united and peaceful. However after Rwanda fell to the hands of the Belgiums, the Tutsis, the minority of the population, were given much more privileges than the Hutus, the majority, for having European features : Longer nose, lighter skin, taller figure etc.

    • Word count: 1594
  11. Germany-USSR

    Stalin used this time to reorganize his army and come up with new strategies in order to defeat Germany. He had to reform the army completely and many of his new strategies were copied off the Germans. New specialist tank armies and air forces were created and USSR also developed effective weapons such as the T34 tank. These weapons were produced in large numbers. The Soviet technology was also improved. Radio communication was put into use and radios were fitted into all tanks and aircrafts.

    • Word count: 874
  12. Investigacin Histrica: En qu medida la expropiacin de tierras emprendida durante el gobierno de Velasco Alvarado puso fin a la presencia de la oligarqua terrateniente del pas entre 1970-1975?

    Las principales fuentes a utilizar ser�n los libros "Estado y pol�tica agraria" de Henry Pease y otros que brindan informaci�n sobre la relaci�n entre la Reforma Agraria y el Estado olig�rquico; "La Revoluci�n Peruana" que fue escrito por el ex - presidente Juan Velasco Alvarado qui�n narra la situaci�n durante la aplicaci�n de la Reforma Agraria y sus efectos sociales. Ambas fuentes ser�n evaluadas externa e internamente para obtener una respuesta a la pregunta realizada. B. Resumen de la informaci�n encontrada.

    • Word count: 2349
  13. Legacy of Oppression

    Therefore, in recent years, efforts have been initiated to redress this paradox. The Canadian government must address the consequences of past imperialist policies and practices to end the struggle of the Aboriginal society in escaping a legacy of oppression. One of the most acrimonious issues to result from historical globalization is the legacy of the residential school system that had left a profoundly negative and damaging impact on Aboriginal culture, heritage and language. For more than a century, Residential Schools forcibly removed Aboriginal children from their rich and vibrant cultures and deprived them of the care and nurturing of their parents.

    • Word count: 2100
  14. Weimar Germany

    The German government had no choice but to accept the treaty. However, the people believed that the government and the politicians were betraying them against their will. To make matters worse, German political leaders were divided into two camps that strongly opposed to each other. The left wing party, called Spartacists, caused social disturbances through series of demonstrations, hoping for a society based on workers and soldiers. Meanwhile, the Freikorps, the right wing party, believed that what the Weimar Republic needed was a strong dictator that could lead the country.

    • Word count: 603
  15. Bismarcks diplomatic policy

    This was an example of great diplomatic skill as friendship with Russia could be helpful for Bismarck if contemplating a war with Austria in the future. The Tsar declined Bismarck's help, but Bismarck's support was vital for Prussia, as in the likely event of a war with France or Austria, Russia would probably remain neutral, especially since the Tsar had been deeply offended by Austria and France's criticism of his actions. This is an example of how Bismarck's diplomatic skill would, in the long run, help contribute to victory in the long run, and thus his diplomatic skill was important.

    • Word count: 1582
  16. To what extent did the actions and policies of Louis XVI cause the outbreak, and affect the course of the French revolution until 1793?

    France was declared bankrupt before the revolution in 1788, due to the involvement in both the seven year war and the American war of independence. After the unsuccessful seven year war, France lost a number of it's colonies and was left with very heavy debts, which they struggled to repay for the remainder of the 18th century. The involvement in the American war of independence was seen as a way to humiliate France's long-standing enemy, Great Britain. Louis XVI was convinced by Benjamin Franklin to send financial aid and large quantities of munitions, and in 1778 France openly entered the war against Britain, financed by new loans at high interest, increasing the National debt enormously.

    • Word count: 726
  17. US History. Causes for the Declaration of War Against Spain in 1898

    Earlier tensions between America and Spain laid the foundation upon which Americans would later declare war upon the Spanish. Prior to the Cuban struggles of the late 1800's, America had enacted their interests in Cuba through a notable amount of investments. However, the 19th century had left its imprint on Cuba, at the time a colony of Spain, in the form of economic struggle. Cubans began to denounce and criticize the Spanish government. When the authorities in Spain refuse to aid their colony, Cuban Nationalists attempted to gain independence.

    • Word count: 826
  18. Absolutism DBQ

    Document 5 was written by Louis XIV himself to his heirs. Louis could have been biased for himself. A lot of people thought that they were doing the right thing which ultimately brings about their downfall. While Louis was extremely successful in converting the country to Catholicism, the repeal of the Edict of Nantes was the pebble that brought down the wall and brought down Louis after his many wars and subsequent failures. According to him, he extremely respected religion. Particularly, he respected the impact religion had on political power. Because of this Louis repealed the Edict of Nantes and changed the state religion to Catholicism and demanded that everyone convert

    • Word count: 1880
  19. German Peasant Revolts

    The peasant revolt originally started out as a war between Catholicism and Protestantism. The peasants had just started converting to Lutherism, the dominant Protestant religion at the time. Indeed, peasants used religion in Document 5 as a reason that they should be released from serfdom, as they only recognized God as the true lord, which had picked the King as the ruler. Since nothing was ever mentioned in the Bible regarding serfdoms, they demanded freedom from them. The nobles, however, countered that argument in Document 6 saying that being subject to serfdoms would not corrupt the soul, so there was no reason to fight.

    • Word count: 919
  20. Compare and Contrast the causes of World War I and World War II

    Britain, on the other hand, did not want Germany to increase its power through the gaining of colonies. As a result, a strong rivalry developed between these two powerful nations. This rivalry was a long term cause of World War One. Nationalism also became a long term cause of World War Two. Both Germany and Italy were very angry with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Consequently, this treaty created suitable ground for the growth of nationalism in both Italy and Germany. Nationalism appeared in these two countries under fascism. In Italy the rise to power of Mussolini was based on the idea that Italy could be the best country in Europe.

    • Word count: 1034
  21. How far was Hitler successful in achieving his aims?

    Once he achieved this, he worked on defying the Treaty of Versailles. His intense nationalism gave birth to the hatred he felt towards the Treaty and, like many German citizens, blamed it for the economic problems they were having at the time resulting in high unemployment rates (over five million by November 1932) (2).Hitler defied the treaty, refusing to pay reparations from 1933. He then went on to re-introduce conscription in 1935 resulting in the army increasing dramatically. In 1936 he opposed the treaty again by re-militarising the Rhineland which was supposed to be a de-militarised buffer zone between France and Germany (4).

    • Word count: 1230
  22. Compare and contrast the causes of the First World War and the Second World War

    Similarly, it could be argued that Germany planned to go to war a second time pre-WWII, the evidence supporting this being Hitler's 'Mein Kamf' which clearly outlined Hitler's expansionist aims. These two examples show how in both cases of the causes of WWI and WWII it can be argued that German aggression acted as a major catalyst. It can also be argued, however, that it was specifically due to the failure of the ToV that Hitler came to write 'Mein Kamf' at all, or indeed that he communicated his message successfully.

    • Word count: 1290
  23. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single party state: Hitler's Germany

    He was successful in eliminating those he did not feel the world had room for, for examples 20,00 Jews being sent to concentration camps after Kristallnacht and his 1939-41 Euthanasia program killing 72,000 physically and mentally handicapped. One could argue that Hitler failed in spreading his ideology because he did not succeed in complete world domination and he did not succeed in the extermination of all Jews. Yet for most of Hitler's rule, and from Hitler's perspective, he was successful in spreading his ideology and the Nazi message.

    • Word count: 1230
  24. Assess the importance of ideological differences in the outbreak of the Cold War

    This shows how ideology played an important role in the start of the Cold War. The Comintern would have spread mistrust and fear in the West, and the USSR would have felt alienated by the West in their attempt to help the White Army. The relations between the USSR and the USA started of shakily due to ideological differences as well as mistrust. This shows how it was the interconnection of few factors that created tensions leading to the outbreak of Cold War. After WWII Europe was divided into two minds. The west was occupied with west America and its Allies and the East was occupied by the Red Army of Russia.

    • Word count: 1106

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