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International Baccalaureate: History

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  1. Causes of WWII

    * The small states in central Europe in the League of nations didn't contributed very much and required help. * Without the USSR the league of nations looked like a club of capitalists Why did the League failed to achieve disarmament? * The League of Nation failed to achieve disarmament because the Great Depression caused economic rifts in nations that would concentrate on their own problems first. Rearmament was used as a way to create jobs and help the economy. * The Soviet Union, the weak states in central Europe and Germany made disarmament very uneasy to do. Attempts to strengthen League of Nation * France initiated the Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance which means that if any country were to be attacked all of the countries in the League would come to aid it.

    • Word count: 1657
  2. Peace Treaty Essay

    The final two main clauses were the guilt clause as well as the reparations. These clauses were unjustified and unreasonable. To ask a country post war to pay vast amounts of money for other countries to rebuild their lives and economy is too harsh. Germany had fought the same war as the allies, and was facing the same problems the allies were facing. But by stripping Germany from its economy, territory and population, how are they able to rebuild their own country?

    • Word count: 1535
  3. Tragicomedia Mexicana

    Tambi�n apoy� a los "Patrones" otorg�ndoles infinidad de facilidades dentro de las cuales encontramos principalmente la exenci�n de impuestos, los cr�ditos y los subsidios. Y para alcanzar su segundo objetivo, deb�a cambiar toda la tecnolog�a obsoleta mexicana y remplazarla con nueva, para lograr que M�xico se industrializara. Para lograr el remplazo y la entrada de tecnolog�a de punta, Camacho aprovech� la situaci�n b�lica en la que se encontraban las grandes potencias mundiales y les ofreci� apoyo a cambio de inversiones y tecnolog�as nuevas.

    • Word count: 1844
  4. Stalin's Rise to Power

    Lacking a firm structure Lenin needed organization within the party. He needed followers who would carry out orders to the very last details and who would not question his decisions. This need for immediate rule and control were in great demand. And it was Stalin who was in such a position to provide those things. Knowing this, he worked hard to display his organizational skills to Lenin, and therefore was promoted frequently. Lenin noticed Stalin's hard work in the party's background and his modest, obedient nature towards the good of the Party.

    • Word count: 1422
  5. Mussolini's Domestic Policy

    The police was replaced by the fascist and controlled by Mussolini. He created his own private army; the Quadri. In November 1923, the Acerbo Law was create; it consisted of giving 2/3 of seat in parliament to any party which would have got twenty five percent or over during elections. That same year, the elections were an enormous victory for the Fascist who won these seats. The Mateotti Affair, pushed Mussolini to govern Italy by force, and by becoming the "Duce" he now had the power to make laws without consulting the parliament.

    • Word count: 1098
  6. In what ways did developments in Germany affect the Cold War between 1945?

    While the Western Allies France, Britain and the United States established themselves in the West of Germany, the Russians were positioned in the east. Berlin, which is geographically situated in East Germany, the city was similarly divided into four occupational sectors, as the Western Allies tried to avert to leave the capital completely to the Russians. Consequently, Berlin became the headquarters of the Four-power Allied Control Council which was formally established to rule Germany. Since Germany's future was a problematic issue, the imposition of separate zones of occupation was both practical and administratively sensible, but it was only regarded as

    • Word count: 1578
  7. History IA

    Australian correspondence between the war front and the home front as well as public displays such as newspapers and movies displayed of the campaign are invaluable sources in determining the effects of the censorship of the Gallipoli campaign on the Australian home front. However secondary sources depicting the Australian home front during and after the campaign will also be detrimental in determining the effects on the home front. Criteria B - Summary of Evidence The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-18 was written by C.E.W.

    • Word count: 1050
  8. Civil War Essay

    One of the main causes of the Civil War was the threat of territorial expansion. By itself, without the presence of slavery, one could reasonably assume there would have been virtually no problems between the North and South involving territorial expansion because as a whole nation, nearly everyone, meaning the white people, wanted more land because the original thirteen states were becoming extremely crowded. This is how the whole concept of Manifest Destiny came about in the early 1800's, where there was the belief that the United States was destined to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.

    • Word count: 477
  9. To what extent was William Is conquest and rule of England due to force?

    As well as his skill displayed in his finding of a cause, his conquest was by in large due to luck. Harold Godwinson had to fight two battles and this greatly weakened his army and reduced his ability to fight against Williams army; for William, the wind changed at the right time allowing him to cross onto an unguarded south coast, A false rumour of his death tricked the Anglo-Saxons and resulted in a breaking of the 'shield wall' and, most importantly, victory.

    • Word count: 2108
  10. WWI - Total War essay

    and South America (minor affection during the battles, but they still felt the economic fall)). There were significant campaigns in Africa, were there were clashes between the European forces - the British and French fought against German colonial forces in this continent. The British and French took over the Togoland protectorate, but Germans fought in South Africa and East Africa. These battles where very significant and the German East Africa was given up only by the end of the war.

    • Word count: 1225
  11. The atomic bombs were necessary to end the Second World War. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

    It was also reported by the Air Force Association that the "Japanese cabinet had approved a measure extending the draft to include men from ages fifteen to sixty and women for seventeen to forty-five (an additional 28 million people)." Such an increase of Japan's military forces would have certainly prolonged the war and cost many more casualties on both sides. Moreover, the swift end of the war also saved the lives of those who were already fighting. If the Second World War were to have continued to the end of 1945, up to 250,000 additional deaths could have occurred in Asia.

    • Word count: 951
  12. When Hitler took complete power in 1933 of Germany after the Weimar period, he had declared his ideology. As a fascist ruler, Hitler believed that dictatorial rule of government was best with a centralized control of private enterprise

    Because of Hitler's ideology of a great nation of only 'pure' Germans there was a political change to fascism. This was one way Hitler did act upon the ideas he wanted implemented in the nation. He also changed the government to be a one centralized government in control of everything. However private industries were still able to proceed in the economy, except they were regulated. There were laws created that banned Jews and other non idealistic Germans to proceed in those careers that fell under the professional or civil categories.

    • Word count: 903
  13. Historia del teatro griego

    (de trasgos derivara tragedia, debido a que ellos realizaban sus movimientos de una manera relativamente triste, por otro lado de c�mos derivara la palabra comedia, que en ese contexto era otro tipo de gritos alegres lanzados por los danzantes). A medida que los trasgos iban danzando entonaban algunos cantos o textos que posteriormente se convertir�an en lo que ahora conocemos por coro. El ritual arriba expuesto era lo que se conoc�a por ditirambo, el cual fue el precedente del teatro griego, puesto que re�ne dos de sus caracter�sticas primordiales: gente que mira y gente que act�a.

    • Word count: 1763
  14. The last day of troy

    The war lasted ten years . The Trojans proved their might at first, under the leadership of Hector. But as the war went on, there were thousands of casualties on both sides. Patroclus was a warrior very dear to Achilles. He was killed by Hector in battle. Achilles was enraged and swore to kill Hector. Achilles rode his chariot to the walls of Troy and challenged Hector to a fight. He was certain Hector would pay for slaying Patroclus. Hector was one of the finest warriors not only of Troy. He lost his life under Achilles sword. Hector was the prince of Troy, commander of Troy's army. Achilles showed no respect to the body of the slain Hector.

    • Word count: 1018
  15. How Historically Accurate is the Film "Glory". Glory tells the story of the 54th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in the United States Civil War. The 54th was the most celebrated of all black units in the war because it was the first su

    Also, in the movie, we see white union soldiers cheering towards the 54th before they charged Fort Wagner, however, I doubt this actually happened because even though the union stood for abolition, most of the whites felt superior to blacks and doubted whether they were actually good soldiers. In addition to that, the confederate stronghold guarding Charleston Harbor was depicted in the movie as taking place from south to north when it was actually from north to south.

    • Word count: 667
  16. Assess critically the causes of world war I

    The first kind led to conflict in the Balkans which eventually got other powers involved and resulted in a lot of instability and tensions between the European powers, and the second kind led to rivalries between the European powers as they tried to dominate each other. Some examples of this were the Bosnian Crisis. In 1908, when Austria-Hungary took over the former Turkish provinces of Bosnia, the Serbians got angry because they felt that the province should be theirs. Serbia then threatened Austria-Hungary with war, so Serbia's ally (Russia), mobilized its forces.

    • Word count: 1673
  17. Japanese Christians after 1600's

    Without any hassle, Francis Xavier was soon allowed to start preaching and converting the people of Japan to Christianity. The Daimyos took interest into Christianity not only for the religion itself. Many of the Daimyos were interested in the European culture and technology. In order to gain more knowledge of this information from the outside world, the Daimyos needed to stay in contact with the foreigners. Converting to Christianity was the simple answer for many of the leading Daimyos in Japan, now they had relations with West.

    • Word count: 2586
  18. Golan Heights

    "Overlooking northern Israel and southern Syria, the heights give Israel an excellent vantage point for monitoring Syrian movements" (BBC News, 1) "The strategic value of the Golan Heights to Israel cannot be overstated. As with the mountain ridges of Judea and Samaria (the West Bank), the visual and radar stations located there give advance warning of any approach from Syria" (Palestinianfacts,1)." "The area is also a key source of water for an arid region. Rainwater from the Golan's catchment feeds into the Jordan River.

    • Word count: 1975
  19. Winston Churchill: Why did he lose the 1945 elections?

    The last part of the investigation will conclude an answer to the title topic, and will also include a powerful quote by Winston Churchill, summarizing his aim in World War II. B) Description of the evidence There are many facts and evidence pointing to why Winston Churchill lost the 1945 elections in Great Britain. Winston Churchill was said to use more aggressive and war like policies, rather than policies that could work for the nation itself. Churchill admitted that he was "very lonely without a war".

    • Word count: 1993
  20. How were the evils of the Industrial Revolution addressed in England? Evaluate the positive and negative effects of the industrial revolution?

    In addition, many children were obliged to work in factories for copious amounts of time in a day. The working conditions for the labour force of England were dismal. This led to the government imposing some laws, in order to address the disadvantages brought by the Industrial Revolution. These laws restricted the working hours and stressed on the required minimum age of workers. From 'Document 2', an excerpt from the Health and Moral Act of 1802 states the government's act towards this matter, "The minimum age of employment shall be nine years. The working day for children under fourteen shall be limited to twelve hours."

    • Word count: 1125
  21. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain from 1951 to 1990

    Also, the was a failure to invest and restructure after the war. As C. Barnett puts it, "the British economy relied on a Victorian structure," meaning that Britain failed to modernize its industry in machinery and in management methods. The number of working hours spent for manufacturing was also significantly higher in Britain than in other countries, making it hard for Britain to compete on the international scene. Moreover, there was a failure to succeed in the drive for exports. Indeed, Britain's share of trade in the world was more than halved in 20 years!

    • Word count: 1870
  22. Great Depression and effect on Britain

    The heavy industry was hit the worst. They were the industries that created the foundations of Britain's economy. They were steel & iron, cotton, coal mining and shipbuilding. Production of steel dropped from 9.2 million tons in 1929 to 5.2 million in 1931. In 1933, 30% of Glaswegians were umployed due to the severe decline in heavy industry. They were badly affected because other countries could not afford to buy Britain's goods as they were expensive and could be bought cheaper from countries such as Japan and Germany. Also, many Britain's industries relied on each other to buy their goods.

    • Word count: 1087
  23. Just how much of an influence did English sailor William Adams have in increasing trade and teaching foreign ways to the emperor of Japan during Japans seclusion from the west?

    Japan now with its closed doors, had no interest in advancing its relations with the "religious" foreigners. However, during this period of isolation, a man of the name William Adams set foot on the shore at Sashu, near Usuki in Bungo. Tokugawa Ieyasu was immediately amazed and wanting of the knowledge of ships and mathematics that William Adams possessed. William Adams is the man who "opened up" Japan's gates during its period of isolation, and created a much more accepting attitude at the time of the Sakoku policy. In addition, he is the man who moved Japan closer to modernization and out of its shell.

    • Word count: 2991
  24. The Chinese Civil War

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...11 Abstract Within this extended essay, it deals with the Chinese Communists Party's triumph during the Chinese Civil War that lasted from 1945-1949. It undertakes a historical investigation of the causes of the Chinese Civil War, the beliefs and actions taken by the two political parties; Chinese Communists Party (CCP)

    • Word count: 2587

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