• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent was Arab Zionist Tension the Result of the Interference of Foreign Powers in the Middle East

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"To What Extent was Arab -Zionist Tension the Result of the Interference of Foreign Powers in the Middle East" Foreign leadership and interference in the Middle East was a very important factor in the development of tension between the Arabs and the Zionists. This foreign influence was often British and French. This factor was, however, by no means the only reason for the tension. Other reasons include differing beliefs and both believing that the area known as Palestine should be theirs due to religious affinity with the region. Another key reason was the influx of Jews into Palestine as a result of anti-Semitism in Europe in the 30s and 40s. British influence in the Middle East really began in 1914 with the outbreak of the First World War. They were fighting a war against the Ottoman Empire whom had allied themselves with Germany and also had control of the Palestine region. During this battle, in order to gain allies in the fight to defend the key trading route of the Suez canal, the British in the form of the Hussein-Mc Mahon correspondence. This pledged that after the war was over Arabs would gain sovereignty over the Palestine area, as well as other areas of Arab territories, in exchange for Arab support. However, the above promise was never carried out as the British under the influence of Mark Sykes, assistant to the war cabinet for Middle Eastern affairs thought that British control over Palestine after the war was key in order to ensure the protection of the Suez Canal. ...read more.

Middle

This caused resentment to brew in the Arab world towards the British and the Zionist movement, by making the Arab nationalists seem outnumbered and isolated. As a result the tension between the different groups was further heightened as the issue of sovereignty and fair treatment of the two parties was disputable. In order to try to resolve the issue of split promises the British proposed to the Palestinian National Congress that they would set up a government with equal representation by Jewish Zionists and Arabs in Palestine, this proposal was refused by the 80-90% majority of Arabs who thought that giving this much control to a very small Jewish percentage was unfair and disadvantageous. The Zionists though obviously supported this proposal so more resentment was created in these differing beliefs. To make these matters of disagreement worse the largely Arab Palestinian National Congress rejected the terms of the Balfour Declaration (which favoured the Jews) so the Zionists resented the Arabs for the open act of refusal of Zionist theory, so tension further increased. The British support for Jewish immigration into Palestine also caused much tension as the Huge Jewish increase, to about a third of the total population by 1939 (from previous figures of about 10%) saw much of the most fertile and valuable land go to Jewish immigrant who bought land and took it away from Arabs whom occupied but had no legal right to the land. ...read more.

Conclusion

This therefore caused dispute and anger to arise. The malcontempt was especially rife from the Arabs toward the Zionists, whom seemed totally devoid of any concern for the rights of the existing Arab majority. Most Jews thought of the area as a barren wasteland when actually there was a sizeable Arab population. The Zionists suggested that only the Jews should be allowed to cultivate and develop the land and that a Jewish National Fund should be established. This ideal excluded and deprived the Arab residents and was very unequal and unfair so the Arabs were resentful of the Zionist policies. Another reason for tension, this time by Zionist towards Arabs was in 1929 and the early 1930s when it was revealed that the Grand Mufti, an important Arab leader, had discussed with Hitler the "final solution" (the killing of Jews in concentration camps) and had stirred up anti-Semitism amongst the Arab population. It was then the turn of the Arabs to accuse the Zionist leader Vladimir Jabotinsky of being violently pro-Jewish immigration. This sparked riots and other public displays of the hatred that was manifesting between the groups. In conclusion I feel that the most important cause of the tension between the groups was, in fact, foreign influence. This acted as a catalyst to the second most important factor of religious differences, which had started the tension in the first place. I think the issue of Jewish immigration was the next important factor and then lastly the unprovoked acts of anti-Sematism from the Arab leader. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    A Czech engineering student went as far as to practice self-immolation. The student (Jan Palach) burnt himself to death in protest of the invasion. People did not fear the Soviet Union as much as they had. Prior to the Prague Spring the very idea of the Soviet Union having some

  2. Developments of Music During the Middle Ages

    Quickly, performers learned to read and interpret the notation, which led to its popularity and continued development. Nearly a century after the publication of Ars Cantus Mensurabilis, an Italian monk called Guido d'Arezzo sought a more accurate notation, and he eventually created a four-lined staff in order to fixate the pitches of the neumes (Einstein 23).

  1. To what extent was the advent of the Cold War an outcome of Stalin(TM)s ...

    by Stalin's refusal to "come to terms" with the West's war policies, was detectable. In 1941, when the Allies faced mounting difficulties fighting against the Germans, Stalin, started his territorial demanding in Eastern Europe. During his meeting with the British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in December 1941, Stalin, despite his

  2. To what extent was the failure of the British Mandate for Palestine attributable to ...

    They were wrong, there were only 2 possibilities, the Zionists defeat the Arabs or the Arabs defeat the Zionists. The Yishuv had several advantages over the Arabs. Arabs were very conservative with the European styles and thoughts; they didn't want to change because in their mind Culture and their religion are more important than any other things.

  1. To what extent did Samuel Adams use of propaganda and strategy influence loyalists toward ...

    * Peter Oliver, a loyalist, believed that Samuel Adams sounded moderate, but his initial desire for independence made him a radical (Alexander 23). * Adams sought for ways to exploit British mistakes after non-importation failed during the "quiet period" in the 1770's (Alexander 93).

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    It was humiliated by Syria's inability (using Russian arms) to contain Israel in Lebanon, and frustrated by the failure to protect the Palestinians in Lebanon. - The 1982 invasion of Lebanon was significant because it marked a shift in US-Israeli relations.

  1. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    His aims were to create a modeled, balanced social structure, win the loyalty of the German population and improve the quality of life so as to make possible social cohesion and solidarity. The aim of my essay is to explore how the German unification changed the ratio of different social

  2. I generally disagree that "the Six Day War shocked the Middle East and the ...

    After the 1948 War, which concluded based on armistice negotiations between February and July of 1949, a number of new stressors exacerbated the Arab-Israeli conflict.[6] First, due to the weakness shown by the Arabs leaders during the war, a period of instability followed in states such as Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work