• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The United States was prepared to help the Republic of Vietnam to protect its own people and to preserve its independence. To what extent is this a legitimate justification for the motivation of the American involvement in the Vi

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The United States was prepared to help the Republic of Vietnam to protect its own people and to preserve its independence." To what extent is this a legitimate justification for the motivation of the American involvement in the Vietnam War from 1954 to 1973? Table of contents: A. Plan of investigation..............................................2 B. Summary of evidence.............................................2-3 C. Evaluation of sources..............................................4 D. Analysis...............................................................4-5 E. Conclusion............................................................6 F. Bibliography.........................................................7 Word count: 1,946 "The United States was prepared to help the Republic of Vietnam to protect its own people and to preserve its independence." To what extent is this a legitimate justification for the motivation of the American involvement in the Vietnam War from 1954 to 1973? A. Plan of investigation: The investigation examines the legitimacy of the statement made by the US President John F. Kennedy on December 14, 1961 about the American motivation to support the South Vietnamese government in the conflict against the Communist force within the country. In order to assess whether the President's statement demonstrates the reality of the American involvement in the Vietnam War from 1954 to 1973, the investigation assesses the United States' role in Vietnam prior to the Geneva Agreement in 1954 and the United States' war tactics and war policies from 1954 to 1973. ...read more.

Middle

The Cold War Chat was carried out for Ellsberg to reveal his viewpoint on the legitimacy of the American involvement in the Vietnam War and his process of leaking the Pentagon Papers to the media. The value of this evidence, as it was given by an important figure of the US government, is the provision of a first-hand account of how the US government would react to the leaking of the Pentagon Papers and how they would try to suppress the secret information about the war, even though they had been justifying the US involvement in the war. Its limitations is that it was done solely according to the viewpoint of a person who was put on trial by the US government for the leaking of the governmental documents and who was disillusioned by the war then joined the anti-war movements, therefore the evidence might just reveal facts that are bias towards Daniel Ellsberg's viewpoint. Secretary Dean Rusk's address, "The stake in Vietnam", before the Economic club of New York, at New York, April 22, 1963, is a speech delivered by the Secretary of State Dean Rusk to justify the USA's involvement in Vietnam at the time when there was increasing criticisms about the war expenses among the US public. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nevertheless, the Vietcong still won the support of the majority of the population due to their popular nationalist cause. In addition, the USA's involvement in the Vietnam War was condemned due to its aggressive policies which merely did not help to protect the Vietnamese people and Vietnam's independence. E. Conclusion: The US's motivation to be involved in the Vietnam War was merely to prevent a communist takeover in yet another area of the world. It was unjustified to state that their motive was to "help the Republic of Vietnam to protect its own people and to preserve its independence." Although there were, indeed, discontent among the mass with the Vietnamese communist government, its nationalist cause still won the support of the majority. Moreover, the US's policies in Vietnam did not protect the Vietnamese people from communist aggression as they had claimed. In fact, the US support for the French regaining their former colony, which violated the independence of Vietnam, and then did not hesitate to implement atrocious military measures against North Vietnam proved that the protection of the Vietnamese people and the benefits of Vietnam were merely excuses for the US to escalate a war to abolish a system that would infringe upon their economic and political interests in South East Asia. F. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    and fail, creating a deep fear of communists in German middle class 10.6 the Versailles Peace Treaty > Negotiations begin in January 1918 and end in June > Treaty sets conditions for Germany's surrender but neither Germany nor Soviets allowed to participate > 32 countries participate > the "Big Four"--

  2. US and the Vietnam War

    21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/guerrilla/index.html>. "The Chu Chi Tunnel... if a village was in enemy hands, the NLF beneath were still able to conduct offensive operations." " Guerilla Tactics." Battlefield: Vietnam. 21 Jan. 2009 <http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/guerrilla/index.html>. "American tactics in Vietnam relied on overwhelming firepower...relied heavily on modern technology and their weapons of war." Roush, Gary. "Statistics about the Vietnam War."

  1. Compare and contrast the policies of the USA and USSR towards Korea between 1945 ...

    But China's trade with South Korea quickly surpassed its trade with North Korea. China particularly welcomed the investment from South Korea's conglomerates. As it's become clear that China's communist neighbors had little interest in taking their advice to institute gradual economic reform, the Chinese became increasingly impatient.

  2. To what extent was the Spanish American War of 1898 a turning point in ...

    Instead, McKinley asked Secretary of War Elihu Root to define the US position on Cuba. This resulted in the Platt Amendment, which meant that the US military would leave the island, but Cuba could not make treaties with other powers other than the United States and could not contract any

  1. Explain the USAs policy of containment. How successful was this in Korea, Vietnam and ...

    USA did not achieve anything in this war, if anything they allowed further areas to fall under communism as before the war the South was not communist. It could be argued though that the policy of containment only failed

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    Overall the lot of the peasant improved 7. Agricultural surplus was to pay for industrialization 8. However agr neglected in the first 5 yr plan 9. Before a new kulak class emerged, Mao appealed to people to collectivize ? hundreds of thousands of villages complied 10. Industry 11.

  1. History IA: What were American peoples responses to the Vietnam War in 1965 1971?

    in Detroit, and member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), set herself afire on a Detroit street corner, following the example of Vietnamese Buddhist monks[5]. Herz left a letter in which she exhorted Americans to ?decide if this world shall be a good place to live

  2. The History and Development of the American Dream

    The only solution here is to stop for a while and admit the disease. Boorstin calls it «the opportunity for discovery» (1962: 261). The time for seeking the forgotten truths in piles of materialistic objects will come later. For now the discovery of «where dreams end and where illusions begin» (Boorstin 1962: 261)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work