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Absolutism DBQ

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Both Louis XIV and Charles I attempted to create an absolute monarchy Absolute Monarchy is a type of monarchy in which the monarch attempts to make royal power dominant over regional authorities such as aristocracies. Monarchs that abided by this theory typically also subscribed to the theory of the Divine Right of Kings. The Divine Right stated that kings were not subject to earthly authority and only God could judge kings since God had picked the kings, which in effect allowed the kings to do what they wished during their reign. Although both subscribed to the theory of Divine Right, as well as attempt to bring religious unity, and both loved art and architecture, Louis XIV successfully managed to centralize his government while Charles I failed to centralize his government due to the fact that he failed to give his nobles a sense of power. Also Louis listened to his people, though specifically his nobles, while Charles disregarded his nobles and did not care about them. This is how Louis succeeded in creating a central monarchy - he managed to give his nobles a sense that they had power through the multiple committees he created as well as listening to his nobles' complaints and because Charles had done the opposite he failed in creating an absolute monarchy. Both kings attempted to bring religious unity to their respective countries. Document 5 was written by Louis XIV himself to his heirs. ...read more.


So he could have also been afraid and used his fear to write a description of him that maybe was not completely accurate. Saint Simon talks about the King's great qualities and how his vanity was without restraint and how he was magnificent in everything. This kind of vanity would lead a person to want to display his greatness and he did just that with Versailles. Twenty thousand acres is a lot of space and he filled his 'hunting cottage' with paintings and models of himself. In fact he had a whole room devoted to his exploits and his greatness. Charles was not much different. Lucy Hutchinson tells how Charles listened to the nobles in Document 4. Lucy Hutchison, however, was an English biographer who would have had a bias against the king due to the fact that she married one of the many who signed Charles' death warrant. This bias comes out when she states that he banished nobles and olden customs. Still, regardless of her bias, and especially because of it, the fact that she stated that Charles encouraged artisans and paintings and carvings, especially if they promoted himself, means a lot more than if a person with a bias for him would have meant. A difference between Louis and Charles is that Louis took the time to at least listen to his nobles, if not all his people, while Charles completely disregarded his nobles which angered them and caused them to revolt. ...read more.


The author asserts that nothing Charles say is ever true and that he does not value history and precedence like the Magna Carta which had provided the nobles with civil liberties that Charles had trespassed upon, and that even though he had a regency and a kingdom, Scotland and England, he does not know how to rule and thus should be dethroned. This piece relays the feelings of most English and Scottish, who wished him dethroned. This showed in words how Charles refused to give nobles any consideration which was also voiced in document 8. The revolution was probably justified by document 12 which was written Thomas Hobbes. Hobbes was an English philosopher which meant that he was really against the Charles, though not necessarily against the office of king in general. This is voiced when he states that if someone is being oppressive and refuses to listen to the people and he in general does a poor job of ruling, the people have the right to dethrone him. This was obviously aimed at Charles I. This created the moral justification sought by many people who were initially unsure if they wanted to revolt against the King, a being that for hundreds of years no one dared to question. Because of this document, during the revolution, the nobles believed they were doing right by dethroning Charles and beheading. They also followed this document quite strictly, refusing to abolish the office of king, as they wished to do back in document 8, even though they restricted the liberties of the king. ...read more.

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