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American Neutrality During World War II and Its Subsequent Involvement in Europe and Asia

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American Neutrality During World War II and Its Subsequent Involvement in Europe and Asia Marked by many historical and significant events, World War II is perhaps the most famous war in the history of the world. This war was the first and, to date, only ware to feature nuclear warfare and it was also the deadliest war in history. This conflict featured two main alliances: the Allies and the Axis Powers. Virtually every country on Earth at the time was involved with this war in some way, shape, or form. The United States was still attempting to dig itself out of the deep hole it fell into as a result of the Great Depression. While this was going on, there was an increase in tension among many European nations, particular the western nations such as Germany, France, Britain, and Italy. Italy and Germany were adopting fascist ideals under the reigns of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, respectively. With this, Hitler and Mussolini formed an alliance, which also included the Japanese, under the leadership of Hideki Tojo. The nations in this alliance became known as the Axis powers and would wage a brutal war against the Allies, which included France, Britain, the USSR, and the USA later into the war. Although the USA is not in Europe, ware was declared against them by Germany and Italy after the Japanese attack against the USA at Pearl Harbor, which leads to ask whether or not the United States would have joined World War II had it not been attacked by the Japanese at Pearl Harbor. ...read more.


between the two nations.8 He ended the appeal by telling Hirohito that both nations' "have a sacred duty to restore traditional amity and prevent further death and destruction in the world."9 Ironically, it would be Japan that would cause a mass amount of death and destruction the following morning at Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese navy bombed and nearly destroyed the USA's naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. With the death toll in the thousands, President Roosevelt would react quickly to this event. In a joint session to Congress the following day, he introduced December 7, 1941 as "a date which will live in infamy."10 He ended his address to Congress by saying "I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire."11 With this, Japan and the USA were officially in a state of war, but they would not be officially involved in the world war until a few days later when Japan's ally, Germany, declares war on the United States. Germany declared war on the USA on December 11, 1941. Adolf Hitler made a statement that said, "As a consequence of the further extension of President Roosevelt's policy, which is aimed at unrestricted world domination and dictatorship the U.S.A. ...read more.


1 Neutrality Act of 1935, August 31, 1935, 49 stat. 1081; 22 U.S.C. 441 note 2 Ibid. 3 Message to Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great Britain, and France on the Threat of War from Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, September 26, 1938 4 Message to Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great Britain, and France on the Threat of War from Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt, September 26, 1938 5 Message to Adolf Hitler from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, April 14, 1939 6 The Atlantic Charter by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill, 1941 7 Appeal to Hirohito by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, December 6, 1941 8 Ibid. 9 Ibid. 10 Address to Joint Session of Congress asking for Declaration of War against Japan by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, December 8, 1941 11 Ibid. 12 Declaration of War against the USA by Adolf Hitler, December 11, 1941 13 Statement By Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt Regarding the German Defeat, February 11, 1945 14 Speech to the Public Announcing the Surrender of Nazi Germany by President Harry S. Truman, May 8, 1945 15 Statement Regarding the Use of the Atom Bomb in Hiroshima by President Harry S. Truman, August 6, 1945 16 Martin Gilman Wolcott, The Evil 100: Fascinating True-life Tales of Terror, Mayhem and Savagery (New York: Citadel, 2004), 91 17 Jacqueline Laks Gorman, Pearl Harbor: a Primary Source History (Pleasantville, NY: Gareth Stevens Pub, 2009) 16-18 18 Ibid. ...read more.

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