• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the factors that led to the growth of independence movements in any one non-European colonial state.

Extracts from this document...


Sanya Aurora Essay Question: Analyse the factors that led to the growth of independence movements in any one non-European colonial state. Immediately after World War 2, there was a period during which countries began to decolonise. The factors that led to this loss of colonial power after the War vary from nation to nation. In the case of India, the major factors were the decline of the British Empire, and nationalism that had been growing even prior to the War. Subhash Chandra Bose wrote-"The individual must die, so that the nation may live. Today I must die so that India may win freedom and glory" 1.. This is an example of the nationalist school of thought that had been rising in India. The situation of the British at this time gave the freedom movement the final push it needed They had not emerged a world power after the war, and they no longer had much economic and political incentive to remain in India. This essay will illustrate these factors. In no colonial country can one expect the ruling country to have a perfect relationship with the natives of the colony. While the British did try to improve the social situation in India by trying to abolish Sati and trying to introduce other such reforms, they did not take the Indian perspective into consideration. ...read more.


The rise of the middle class is a very important factor when considering the growth of nationalism. These leaders were lawyers, doctors, teachers etc. who had a western education and understood the policies of the British and could become leaders for the masses. They recognized and tried to come with solutions to the economic problems in India. It was through this understanding that the boycott campaign against foreign goods was started, which made the country more self-sufficient and again spread nationalist thought in the nation. Leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak recognised that the involvement of the masses was essential to the freedom movement. In 1906 he revived the Ganapati celebrations. Earlier the worship of the deity took place in people's homes as a private affair, but as religious congregations were permitted by the British, the festival was made public, and became a forum for political discussion. The leaders also revived India's glorious past, to inspire the people. Pamphlets were printed out to inform people about the situation in India. All the movements required a lot of communication, across the vast country of India. If it had been Africa, this communication would have been scarce, except for along the coastlines. The British had invested in Indian infrastructure. ...read more.


They had lost manpower during the war, and the British soldiers no longer wanted to serve away from their homes. They had fought for 6 years and did not want to serve in India, suppressing the Indian freedom struggle. With all the protest movements in India and the problems they were facing in Europe, it was no longer a political or economic advantage to have India as a colony. The factors that led to the growth of independence movements lie in a delicate balance. If the Indians hadn't had concrete reasons for wanting to British to leave India there would not have been as many anti-colonial movements, and in turn there wouldn't have been as much nationalist thought. If the British had not invested in India the independence movement would not have been as developed as it was. The work of the nationalist leaders set the scene for decolonisation. The decline of the British Empire came about when the nationalist movement was at its fever pitch. Had the situation been different, perhaps India would have achieved decolonisation years after 1947. We cannot say which factor is the most important, because without one the other may not have been relevant at all. However, the above points do provide quite a comprehensive view of the factors that affected the growth of independence movements in India. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The European partition of Africa cannot be explained in economic terms alone. How far ...

    Preceding this incident, other European countries joined in the scramble for various reasons, from expectations for economic gains to diplomatic strategies. This explanation from Robinson and Gallagher sounds sensible, but on the other hand, there are a lot of reasonable criticisms to it.

  2. To what extent was Tanzanian independence dependant on the personality of Julius Nyerere?

    Again a danger of violence was prevalent. This also caused the British to realise that they had to appease the people. The progress towards decolonisation was accelerated. With the Suez crisis there was a rise towards nationalism. However, Tanganyika was profoundly poor. There were 120 ethnic groups2.

  1. A comparative study of two Latin American revolutions exhibits the causes and effects necessary ...

    The upper class craved control over Brazil's economic policies and ties; through trade comes the transfer of unwanted political influence that could be harmful. The privileged and wealthy class shielded their power and economic interests from Europe by instigating a rebellion for independence.

  2. Evaluate the successes and failures of one ruler of a single-party state

    This is evident from the changing of the town of name of Tsaritsyn to Stalingrad, as well as numerous parades, songs and plays proclaiming Stalin's greatness. Posters were also used to great effect, portraying Stalin as a down-to-earth man who looked like the ordinary proletariat, as well as highlighting him as a champion of the people.

  1. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    the 'second front' where he could concentrate on strategic thinking and planning, leaving younger colleagues to take over the reins. * In accordance with this, Mao gave up his position as PRC Chairman in 1959, before the CCP officially declared the Great Leap to have failed.

  2. 'More than a Mutiny, less than a War of Independence' - Do you agree ...

    There were religious issues in the military environment, such as the cartridges and caste threatening expeditions 'across the dark sea', and there were many other religious disputes which existed in the world beyond the barracks of which the sepoys were well aware (such as the activities of Christian missionaries and the generally contemptuous attitude of the British towards non-Christian religions).

  1. Historical Investigation: To what extent did the Taiwanese population benefit from Japans agricultural developments ...

    In mining and industry (manufacturing and power), Japanese share of capital was 72 and 91 percent, respectively."9 5. Native Taiwanese could feel some effects from these changes: i. Death rate fell as the health system improved.10 ii. When agricultural output increased, so did export - between 1911~1938 rice export to

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The US tried to weaken the Soviet-backed regimes in Syria and Iraq and what it saw as the Soviet-dominated PLO. - The USSR, did not play a significant role in the Arab-Israel conflict during most of the 1980s, as it was preoccupied with internal economic problems and the invasion of Afghanistan, which ended in chaos.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work