• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the Communist party in China.

Extracts from this document...


Sanya Aurora DP-1 Q. Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the communist party in China. In the beginning of the 20th century, the Qing dynasty, which had ruled China for 2000 years, was in decline. The period following the end of the empire in 1911 was a turbulent one, with various groups fighting for power in China. This civil war ended only in 1949, with the Chinese Communist Party establishing control over the country. There are quite a few factors that led to this rise of communism in China. The decline of the empire, foreign interference and imperial advances, and the warlord era are some factors, and these in turn contributed to the discontent of the peasants, another major factor. The actions of the rival political party, the Kuomintang, also aided the growth of communism. Another point to consider is the Japanese invasion. All these points, coupled with the way the CCP took advantage of the actions of the KMT, gained popularity among the peasants, and the overall suitability of communism for China at the time are the causes for the rise of the communist party. This essay will elaborate these factors, and analyse the relevance of each. The Manchu dynasty began losing power toward the end of the 19th century. There were many imperial advances in China by Europeans. The British were a prominent threat. ...read more.


Mao decided that breaking through the KMT and establishing a base somewhere was the best chance of survival. So, in October 1934, 100,000 communists broke through KMT lines and set out on the historical 'Long March'. They covered remarkable ground in China, and set up a new base in Yenan in the Shensi province, in the north. Communism spread throughout this time, and there was continued propaganda. People would have been impressed by the heroism of the Red Army. The Kuomintang wanted to exterminate the communists, however under Mao's leadership they Red Army managed to gain more popularity during this time. If the Long March hadn't occurred, communism might have died out. However, even though many died, the KMT attempts to wipe out communism actually accelerated it. Another very important factor is the invasion of China by the Japanese. They had occupied Manchuria by 1931, and were showing intent to take control of the nearby provinces as well. Instead of focusing on the Japanese, he wanted to exterminate the communists. The communists however wanted to focus on the problem of Japan. This also endeared the communists to the people, with their strong nationalist ideals. In 1936, he wanted to attack Mao at Shenshi. At this point, he was taken prisoner by his own soldiers, many of whom were Manchurian. He still resisted fighting the Japanese, and only changed his mind when Zhou Enlai, a key figure in the CCP, visited him. ...read more.


However, even without the invasion there were other factors contributing to the popularity of the CCP. Mao played a huge role in the establishment of communism in China. I wonder how different these events would be if he had never been born. He was instrumental during the Long March, and made many important policies. However, communism was already a known doctrine in China. Sun Yat-sen had had communist help to set up the KMT. There were also other dedicated leaders like Zhou Enlai. Communism might just have survived without Mao. However, this is all speculation. The civil unrest set up the country for a change of government. These factors do not lead directly to communism, but without them, neither the KMT nor the CCP could have established authority. The communists were victorious over the KMT due to the shortcomings of the KMT mentioned above, and the way the communists took advantage of them, and tried to gain peasant support. The main reason for the communist victory is thus the clever leadership of the party. The factors leading to the rise of the communist party in China are, therefore, the fall of the Manchu dynasty, peasant discontent and the way the communists alleviated that discontent, the erroneous actions of the KMT, the Japanese invasion and the way the communist leaders made sure that all this proved to be advantageous to their party. All these factors are interwoven, and lie in a delicate balance. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1. China 1900-1949 (Photocopies) 2. Brooman, Josh. "China Since 1900". New York: Longman Inc., 2005. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Egyptian Influence Extended Essay

    the Burial Chamber, one right after the other just like it was written; beside the pyramid would lie a Mortuary temple to make sacrifices and a causeway connecting the pyramid to the temple to the Nile Valley" (Hart 20-21). The Pyramids were mainly used to conserve energy.

  2. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    The speeches, recorded conversations, letters and quotations are very helpful and give us a panorama of Mao's environment and people. The book gives prominence to the Chinese view of events and highlights the powerful influence that China has in the world.

  1. Mao and China Revision Guide

    The development of a mobile warfare strategy against the nationalists; Defeated Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists in the Civil War 1945-9 Attitude toward war and violence Believed a continuing revolution was the only solution for China to be as prosperous as it used to be.

  2. Analyse the conditions and the methods used which helped in the rise to power ...

    little or no corruption within the CCP ranks, with officials effective in preventing crime, controlling distribution of scarce food supplies and using a fair tax system in Harbin.

  1. Evaluate the factors that enabled Mussolini to rise to power.

    appeal to visceral feelings of the masses to gain loyalty by his followers and public mass attention. Second, Mussolini was an opportunist. Among his followers there were people from diverging background such as Catholics, Workers, Peasants, Bourgeoisie , Monarchists and Soldiers.

  2. Why did the Communists win the Chinese Civil War between 1945 and 1949?

    Though the GMD were hated, it was the CCP?s determined forces to try even harder to gain support and through this, to gain victory. Another factor the Communists were able to win the Chinese Civil War was that they were able to use more effective and successful military tactics.

  1. Outline the reasons for the rise of Chinese Nationalism after 1919. Discuss the impact ...

    But things did not work out this way. The Boxer Rebellion interrupted all this. It was an xenophobic, nationalist movement run by the Righteous Harmony Society in China between 1898 and 1901, opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity. The uprising took place against a background of severe drought and economic disruption in response to growth of foreign spheres of influence.

  2. Factors That Helped The Rise of the Nazis

    It was published in 1941, while Hitler was still in power in Germany, which means that the rise had just recently happened and Fromm was able to pull from his own experiences, being German. The source is however limited for the same reason, Fromm did not have a chance to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work