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Analyse the failure of the political parties in Japan in the 1920s to win public respect and support.

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Introduction

Analyse the failure of the political parties in Japan in the 1920's to win public respect and support There were several factors contributing to the failure of the political parties in Japan in the 1920's to win public respect and support. These factors included the downturn of the world economy, Japan being inferior to the West, the rise of militarism in Japan during the 1920's, and also the ultra-nationalistic nature of the Japanese people. The power that both the army and navy possessed, coupled with the increased education of children of Japan, it was inevitable that people would soon start realizing that Japan wasn't governed the way they wanted it to be. The first reason why the political parties in Japan failed in the 1920's was due to the downturn in the world economy, which had repercussions with Japan's economy. The effects of World War I allowed significant industrial growth, but after the war ended, Japan had to compete with other Industrial Nations for economic dominance. ...read more.

Middle

The Japanese military strenuously maintained that the parliamentarian government capitulated to the west by making an unfavorable agreement about the size of the Japanese Navy (the Five Powers Treaty) and by reducing the size of the military. Another aspect to the failure of public respect and support for the government is the relationship between Japan and the rest of the world. The West in general was very racist towards the Japanese, who quickly established an 'us against them' mentality that fixed into Japanese society. For example, when the Japanese navy successively destroyed the Russian Fleet in 1905, during the Russo-Sino War, the West were not sure whether to applaud their Japanese counter-parts, or suspect that this was a 'one off', something that will never happen again, because these men are Asian, and surely were not equal to their European cousins. The Japanese public became disillusioned and now gained a very Ultra-Nationalistic point of view over the rest of the World, which was massively reinforced by the 'Military friendly' Meiji Constitution, which basically put the Army and Navy in control over which government would be best for them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The public did not want their government to be focusing its attention on military matters simply to please the Military Advisor, but to focus its attention on social and economic matters instead. In conclusion, many factors brought out the failure of the political parties in the 1920's. With the rise of militarism being prominent, and the flawed Constitutional System allowing for the army and navy to have a lot of control, it was inevitable that the public would eventually find the flaw and question the methods of the Government policies. Also, with the increase in education, and the increase in the role of women, followed by the two landmark bills being passed (Universal Manhood Suffrage Law and Peace preservation Law) respectively, the contradictory nature of the Meiji reforms and the ability of 14 million people being able to vote strongly weakened the political parties during the 1920's. ...read more.

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