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Analyse the political causes of the Mexican Revolution of 1910

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Introduction

The Mexican Revolution of 1910 Analyse the political causes of the Mexican Revolution of 1910 Jack Tomlinson 14/04/09 IB History of the Americas HL The Mexican Revolution of 1910 swiftly developed into the first major effort in Latin American history to uproot the system of great estates and peonage and curb foreign control of the area�s natural resources. The uprising in Mexico stemmed from deepening conflicts between popular forces and more specialized but powerful interests supported by the national government. Specifically the state-supported the owners of great estates in their continuing land conflicts with the peasantry; supported factory and mine owners in their disputes with industrial workers; and supported the metropolitan elites, foreigners, and provincial strongmen allied closely with the regime Against the growing demands for broader political and economic participation from the increasingly estranged local and regional elites, The peasants, workers, petty bourgeoisie, intellectuals, and local regional elites shared the belief that the government not only should have done more to serve their interests, but that it had become the source of their discontent. Therefore there were numerous political causes of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. ...read more.

Middle

The dictator contemptuously called Congress his cabalada, his stable of horses. The state governors were appointed by Diaz, usually from the ranks of local great landlords or his generals. In return for their loyalty, he gave them a free hand to enrich themselves and terrorize the local population. These political policies had thus caused much discontent for the population and thus spawned a factor leading to the Mexican Revolution of 1910. A secondary political cause of the Mexican Revolution of 1910 was the isolation of the lower and upper classes by Diaz. "In effect, Diaz invited all sections of the upper class and some members of the middle class, including prominent intellectuals and journalists, to join the great Mexican barbecue, from which only the poor and humble were barred." (Haynes, 221) In this scenario the peasantry were isolated and apparently discriminated against, thus creating a form of hatred that would be directed at Diaz later. According to Diaz, "economic development required political stability; accordingly, Diaz promoted a policy of conciliation that consisted of offering an olive branch and a share of spoils to all influential opponents, no matter what their political past or persuasion-Lerdistas, Juaristas, conservatives, clericals, anticlericals." ...read more.

Conclusion

(Haynes, 221) The new rural police, rurales, used ruthless tactics not only to end banditry but also to enforce the dictator's will. "The national army suppressed riots and rebellions and, when needed, supported the state political bosses appointed by Diaz. Essentially, the rurales carried out Diaz�s rule which consisted of terrorizing the peasantry and upholding his dictatorship." (Axelrod, 240) Therefore, this political cause created another factor that would later cause the Mexican Revolution of 1910. The Mexican Revolution of 1910 was caused by numerous political and social issues that resulted in the suppression of political rights and oppression of the peasantry. At the finale of this revolution Porfirio Diaz, the dictator, was dethroned. The peasantry could not take the combined pressure of the rurales, the banishment of democracy, and the suppression of their political rights. Therefore the only option was to remove Diaz in order to restore democracy, as it has always been intended to be. There were several political factors that led to the Mexican Revolution, such as the alienation of the petty bourgeoisie and regional elites, the suppression of political rights by Diaz for the so-called economic development, and the establishment of the rurales. ...read more.

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