• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the short and long term causes of the 1917 Feb/March Russian Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse the short and long term causes of the 1917 Feb/March Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution of 1917 remains the only example of a successful revolution in which urban workers played a major role though questions remain over the role. There were many factors which triggered the 1917 Revolution, some laid the foundation for a rebellion, and there was one factor which sparked the population to rebel. There was an increase in opposition between the liberals and the revolutionaries and that was a main factor in a developing conflict within the Russian people which lead to an outbreak in Russia, as the parties highlighted the instability of the government through propaganda, and they were able to gather huge armies to support allow the revolution to happen. A catalyst, to speed up the outbreak was reasons such as the impact of role of the Duma and Liberals, Bread Riots and Demonstrations. Through various military factors, Russia was led to a revolution by the long term and short term causes. By the end of 1916 the impact of war onRussia's relatively untrained peasant conscript army had reached disastrous proportions. Estimated suggested 1.7 million dead, 8 million wounded and 2.5 million prisoners of war. The impact on the war really wound the loyalty of the Imperial of Army causing a tension towards the government. Rapidly trained draftees were often peasants who were insufficiently trained and led by inexperienced officers whom were normally members of the intelligentsia class. ...read more.

Middle

The willingness of the recalled Duma to co-operate proved short-lived. By 1915 hostility has revived and expressed itself in a number of intrigues by its members. By 1916 it was clear that the regime was heading for a crisis which finally arrived in February 1917. The build-up from the gradual desertion of the regime by its liberal and conservative elements, though the final trigger came in a form of a strike. The Kadets, Octobrists and the right-wing deputies formed a progressive Bloc, which campaigned for traditional liberal demands of representative which had the confidence of the public. Nicholas rejected the demand and dismissed the ministers that showed that they were liberal in any shape or form, also anyone who was against his command of the army in 1915. His advisors were replaced with ones who were not prepared to advise Nicholas, and there were an increase in enemies amongst the liberals and they gained ground and directed their attacks against Alexandra. This increase in opposition between the liberals and the revolutionaries, were a main factor in a developing conflict within the Russian people which lead to an outbreak in Russia, as the parties highlighted the instability of the government through propaganda, and they were able to gather huge armies to support allow the revolution to happen. Through various social factors, Russia was led to a revolution by the long term and short term causes. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was not until 1916 that the Ministry of Finance developed alternative source of income, which included the introduction of an income and profit tax, borrowing but most disastrously the printing of more money which led to rapid inflation; money supply grew by 336% but prices rose by 398% This meant that the working class was unhappy as they had food shortages, food queues, cold damp living conditions and poor working conditions. By 1916 the police department warned the government that 'the proletariat of the capital is on the verge of despair...the mass of industrial workers are quite ready to let them go to the wildest excesses of a hunger riot....the labour masses, led by the more advanced and already revolutionary elements of a hunger riot...the labour masses, led by the more advanced revolution elements, assume an openly hostile attitude towards the government and protest with al the means at their disposal against the continuation of the war..." In conclusion, there were many causes to the outbreak of the 1917 February Russian revolution, which ranged from long term causes to a trigger to the epidemic. The most important cause overall is the military defeats in World War One. This brought a low moral to Russian Society and Nicholas upset most of the population by discriminating against the peasants. Nicholas arrogant and oblivious behaviour was also a very important cause for the revolution, and it made the population want change, this would never have happened though if it wasn't for the liberals and revolutionaries impact, steering the propaganda alongside. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Discuss the short and long term consequences of the Indian Mutiny 1857

    had in the legislative councils. In 1907 congress split. The moderates didn't want to repeat the failure of the earlier mutiny they were alright with negotiation. The moderates thought that by achieving home rule India would get closer to independence far ahead in the future.

  2. Russia 1905 revolution

    They believed that the bourgeois revolution should precede the socialist revolution and that they should wait for the liberals to establish a bourgeois government in 1905. Thus they did not make use of the potential revolutionary strength of the masses to capture power from the Tsarist government as soon as the 1905 Revolution broke out.

  1. Revision notes - Causes of the French Revolution and the Development of the Revolution ...

    were discussed intensively in salons and coffee-houses and spread among people through books and newspapers. These were frequently read aloud in groups for benefit of those who could not read and write. Salons played a significant role in creating public opinion in France.

  2. Analyze the long term and short term causes of the 1917 February/March Russian Revolution

    All this stacked up created great dissatisfaction in the peasantry - millions of Russian people could not carry on this way, since many of them were starving. The poverty was spread further than the rural areas of the empire - the urban industrial sphere was also very backward and depended only on capital of foreign countries.

  1. To what extent can the origins of the cold war be linked to the ...

    When the utilization of new technology is concerned the Cold War holds similarities to WW1 and WW2. WW1 introduced chemical warfare, tanks, aircraft and more lethal guns. In WW2 technologies such as more advanced aircraft, tanks emerged as well as aircraft carriers, mobile machine guns and the atomic weapon.

  2. Was the Russian Revolution due more to tsars inadequacy as a ruler of the ...

    their goals."11 February Revolution On January 22, 1917 [Bloody Sunday Anniversary] antigovernment and antiwar demonstrations for World War I, were around the country to protest the critical food situation.12 More demonstrations continued on February 28 -the day generally acknowledged as the beginning of the Russian Revolution.13 Instead of taking action,

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Gimnazii numbers tripled from 1863-1881 and 79 ?real schools? had been set up by 1881. Response 1. Students moved to Switzerland to study a broader curriculum and listen to professional revolutionaries. 2. Some were expelled from university for revolutionary activities and some were forced to return home as a result of Russification.

  2. Compare and contrast the causes and nature of the February and October revolutions in ...

    The February revolution ended three hundred years of Romanov Rule and Tsardom. The October Revolution instead ended any chance of representative government and replaced autocratic rule with bloody dictatorship which ended in 1989. Both of the Revolutions were greatly influenced by the role of women.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work