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Analysis on Emiliano Zapata

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Plan of Investigation To what extent does Emiliano Zapata deserve the title "Father of the Mexican Revolution?" This paper will discuss characteristics and actions of Emiliano Zapata as a leader; in order to draw a valid conclusion as to what extent does he deserve the title "Father of the Mexican Revolution." By drawing on the expertise of various historians, an evaluation of his character and leadership will be formed, referencing the assertions of historians in regards to the positive and negative aspects of his life. Based on the evidence, an analysis will be presented discussing the factors which result to the conclusion. In addition to examining the life of Zapata, light will be shed upon the revolutionaries Francisco Madero and Pancho Villa. This will give a comparison among the figures, and aid in extracting analysis on Zapata's importance in the Mexican Revolution of 1910. The sources that will be utilized in this research will mainly come from monographs and anthropologies. The methods that will lead to the conclusion will be by forming a coherent argument in relation to the evidence, documenting each source. Before finding sources and forming a structure for the research, the encyclopedia will be used to acquire background information. Thus, once the area of interest will have key factors of information, anthropologies and other sources will be used to carry out the research. The investigation will discuss the situations in Mexico, where the lowest classes were oppressed, denied liberties and exploited and how a man would soon emerge as a significant revolutionary figure in the conflict between the villagers and the haciendas (Kirkwood 63). ...read more.


The Zapatistas destroyed homes, stores, factories, hotels, and "burned nineteen wounded federal soldiers alive;" thus, Zapata could not have led a rebellion without accepting a certain amount of looting and brutality; this violence led to him having many powerful enemies (Brunk 43). Zapata was also unable to "establish and protect a strategic axis between Acapulco, the Pacific Coast, and Mexico City" (Adams 164). Francisco Madero on the other hand, followed a "more open political system" and pushed to gain "lower class support for his insurrectionary cause," offering the industrial workers the "right to organize freely and peasants the opportunity to reclaim usurped lands " (Hart 11). Madero believed in the "modernization of agricultural practices", but had no sympathy for the land distribution programs "associated with agrarian reform" (Hart 96). He also published a book La sucesi�n presidencial en 1910 offering a "legalistic" but impossible course of political action against the government (Hart 100). The book was widely read and "appealed to a cross-section of alienated groups, especially the provincial elites and the intelligentsia" (100). Madero led the anti-reelection movement, instigating the beginning of the Mexican Revolution of 1910 (Hart 103). Madero wrote the "Plan of San Luis de Potos�" which was a political document that asked the "Mexican people to rise in arms" on November, 1910, against President Diaz (Hart 125). Another revolutionary figure, Pancho Villa, was a "Mexican revolutionary general" (Miller 294). He was the "commander of the Division of the North" a "veritable caudillo of the Northern Mexican state of Chihuahua" a region which gained him much popularity (Miller 295). ...read more.


Conclusion It is difficult to discern one single leader who was most important to the Mexican Revolution. However, based on the evidence, Zapata intended on upholding the will of the majority, who would benefit from Zapata's vision for the future. Madero sought to fight for the elites, and Villa on the other hand was the savior of the North, where people suffered, yet were less populous than Zapata's group. Thus, Zapata deserves the title "Father of the Mexican Revolution," a man who fought till the end to attend to the impoverished people's needs and establish economic prosperity. List of Sources Adams, Jerome R. Liberators and Patriots of Latin America: Biographies of 23 Leaders. Jefforson, NC: MacFarland & Company, 1991. Brunk, Samuel. Emiliano Zapata: Revolution and Betrayal in Mexico. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico P, 1995. Burns, Bradford. Latin America: A Concise Interpretive History. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc., 1994. Hamnett, Brian. A Concise History of Mexico. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 1999. Hart, John. Revolutionary Mexico. Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 1997. Kirkwood, Burton. The History of Mexico. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2000. McLynn, Frank. Villa and Zapata: A History of the Mexican Revolution. New York, NY: Publishers Group West, 2001. Miller, Robert. Mexico: A History. Norman, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Press, 1989. Pinchon, Edgcumb. Zapata the Unconquerable. New York, NY: Doran and Co., 1941. Tannenbaum, Frank. Peace by Revolution: Mexico after 1910. New York, NY: Columbia UP, 1933. Womack, John. Zapata and the Mexican Revolution. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf Inc., 1969. ?? ?? ?? ?? Z.Somji, 001147-081 1 1 ...read more.

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