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Analyze roles of Trotsky and Lenin

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During the beginning of the 20th century, conditions in Russia were quite auspicious for a Bolshevik Revolution after the fall of the Tsar and the Provisional Government's shaky control over the state; however, numerous opposition, economic crises, social unrest, and political chaos still posed threats to the Bolshevik revolution. Although Vladimir Lenin was the ultimate revolutionary thinker and director behind the Bolsheviks' ideology and courses of action, it is indisputable that Leon Trotsky took charge of implementing Lenin's ideas. Furthermore, while during the rise to power of the Bolshevik, Lenin was arguably more essential to the party, during the consolidation of power Trotsky played a larger role arranging the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, commanding the Red Army, and fighting the Civil War. As a result, although both figures were essential to the success of the Bolshevik party, after throughout examination of Lenin and Trotsky's accomplishments during the pre-revolution period, the consolidation of power period, and foreign policies, it is evident that... ...read more.


Trotsky went on to seize key factories and buildings, thus surrounding the Provisional Government. After the Revolution, Trotsky was credited for securing the Bolshevik party's position after the uprising in November by repelling attacks from oppositions; therefore, although Lenin's role of directing the direction of the Bolshevik party during the revolution was the most significant, Trotsky' role of commanding the Bolshevik armed forces and implementing plans were also very important. Overall, while historian Whites was accurate to comment that, "Without Lenin there would have been no October Revolution", for Lenin was the ultimate leader of the Bolshevik party, Trotsky had played an essential role implementing Lenin's directions, especially in the military aspect. Due to the prevalence of opposition forces within Russia, including the White, Green armies and the Allies' forces, the Bolshevik party had to focus intensively on their consolidation of power period. During the Civil War of 1918-1920, while Lenin has appointed Trotsky as the Comissar for War, it was Trotsky who directly commanded the Bolshevik arm forces; therefore, Trotsky's contribution was significantly more important in this particular aspect. ...read more.


Nevertheless, there were a number of small differences between the two figures' opinions regarding the matter. While Trotsky agreed with Lenin that Russia's army was no match for the Germany army, a peace treaty with the capitalist state would be in contradiction with all of the Bolshevik party's military and political accomplishments from 1917-1918; furthermore, it would revive the notion that the Communist party was affiliated with the Germany government. In the end, Lenin's decision of "peace at any price" was ultimately agreed upon and Trotsky had to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk; nevertheless, this had marked the end of Trotsky's participation in Russia's foreign affairs, thus causing Trotsky's role in foreign policy to be rather limited. On the other hand, Lenin was extremely occupied with spreading communist revolution worldwide and has contributed most significantly to the state's foreign policy. The most prominent aspect of his contributions is arguable the Comintern - Communist International program. Overall, it is clearly evident that, Lenin was much more committed in directing Russia's foreign policy than Trotsky, who was only involved with the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. ...read more.

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