• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyze roles of Trotsky and Lenin

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

During the beginning of the 20th century, conditions in Russia were quite auspicious for a Bolshevik Revolution after the fall of the Tsar and the Provisional Government's shaky control over the state; however, numerous opposition, economic crises, social unrest, and political chaos still posed threats to the Bolshevik revolution. Although Vladimir Lenin was the ultimate revolutionary thinker and director behind the Bolsheviks' ideology and courses of action, it is indisputable that Leon Trotsky took charge of implementing Lenin's ideas. Furthermore, while during the rise to power of the Bolshevik, Lenin was arguably more essential to the party, during the consolidation of power Trotsky played a larger role arranging the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, commanding the Red Army, and fighting the Civil War. As a result, although both figures were essential to the success of the Bolshevik party, after throughout examination of Lenin and Trotsky's accomplishments during the pre-revolution period, the consolidation of power period, and foreign policies, it is evident that... ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky went on to seize key factories and buildings, thus surrounding the Provisional Government. After the Revolution, Trotsky was credited for securing the Bolshevik party's position after the uprising in November by repelling attacks from oppositions; therefore, although Lenin's role of directing the direction of the Bolshevik party during the revolution was the most significant, Trotsky' role of commanding the Bolshevik armed forces and implementing plans were also very important. Overall, while historian Whites was accurate to comment that, "Without Lenin there would have been no October Revolution", for Lenin was the ultimate leader of the Bolshevik party, Trotsky had played an essential role implementing Lenin's directions, especially in the military aspect. Due to the prevalence of opposition forces within Russia, including the White, Green armies and the Allies' forces, the Bolshevik party had to focus intensively on their consolidation of power period. During the Civil War of 1918-1920, while Lenin has appointed Trotsky as the Comissar for War, it was Trotsky who directly commanded the Bolshevik arm forces; therefore, Trotsky's contribution was significantly more important in this particular aspect. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nevertheless, there were a number of small differences between the two figures' opinions regarding the matter. While Trotsky agreed with Lenin that Russia's army was no match for the Germany army, a peace treaty with the capitalist state would be in contradiction with all of the Bolshevik party's military and political accomplishments from 1917-1918; furthermore, it would revive the notion that the Communist party was affiliated with the Germany government. In the end, Lenin's decision of "peace at any price" was ultimately agreed upon and Trotsky had to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk; nevertheless, this had marked the end of Trotsky's participation in Russia's foreign affairs, thus causing Trotsky's role in foreign policy to be rather limited. On the other hand, Lenin was extremely occupied with spreading communist revolution worldwide and has contributed most significantly to the state's foreign policy. The most prominent aspect of his contributions is arguable the Comintern - Communist International program. Overall, it is clearly evident that, Lenin was much more committed in directing Russia's foreign policy than Trotsky, who was only involved with the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    The First Coalition 1793-1797-> Great Britain, Austria and Prussia formed it after the execution of Louis XVI. After this coalition, French army activated. 1795-> France defeated Austria and Prussia. French pushed to Amsterdam, Rhine River and Pyrenees. Prussia (German kingdom established in 1701, ruled by the Hohenzollern dynasty, it was an absolute monarchy)

  2. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought about the october revolution ...

    If the Provisional Government had made a separate piece with Germany similar to the Bresk-Livstok Treaty the Bolsheviks formed with the Germans, it would have had a greater chance of survival. Instead Alexander Kerensky launched a new offensive against the western front in June 1917.

  1. Compare and contrast the contributions of Lenin and Trotsky to the establishment and consolidation ...

    to maintain food supply to the cities and the army in the conditions of economic collapse. That involved Red Guard units (which were directed by Trotsky) to forcibly take supplies from the peasantry for little or nothing in exchange. This caused outrage amongst the peasant cause a series of unfortunate

  2. To what extent is it fair to say that with the impact of the ...

    life, so successful that he barely avoided death.42 Alarmed by the risings, Lenin realised that he had to make concessions to save the government and the economic situation and to prevent people from starving.43 The result was the NEP44. Requisitionings were ended,45 the peasants were allowed to make profit from

  1. Assess the effect of the creation of the Bolshevik Party on Russia up to ...

    Serge, Victor. From Lenin to Stalin. City: Pathfinder Press (NY), 2000. * On April 3, 1917, Lenin arrived at Petrograd and very quickly through his speeches he was able to convince the Bolshevik Party to Revolt against the provisional government.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Many universities were closed and students prosecuted after 1871. Censorship 1. Reorganized and relaxed with limited success Process 1. 1862 censorship relaxed and moved to Ministry of the Interior 2. 1863 prepublication codes reduced, allowed publication of liberal idea and anything not considered dangerous to the regime. 3. 1865 Press could discuss government policy 4.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work