• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyze roles of Trotsky and Lenin

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

During the beginning of the 20th century, conditions in Russia were quite auspicious for a Bolshevik Revolution after the fall of the Tsar and the Provisional Government's shaky control over the state; however, numerous opposition, economic crises, social unrest, and political chaos still posed threats to the Bolshevik revolution. Although Vladimir Lenin was the ultimate revolutionary thinker and director behind the Bolsheviks' ideology and courses of action, it is indisputable that Leon Trotsky took charge of implementing Lenin's ideas. Furthermore, while during the rise to power of the Bolshevik, Lenin was arguably more essential to the party, during the consolidation of power Trotsky played a larger role arranging the treaty of Brest-Litovsk, commanding the Red Army, and fighting the Civil War. As a result, although both figures were essential to the success of the Bolshevik party, after throughout examination of Lenin and Trotsky's accomplishments during the pre-revolution period, the consolidation of power period, and foreign policies, it is evident that... ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky went on to seize key factories and buildings, thus surrounding the Provisional Government. After the Revolution, Trotsky was credited for securing the Bolshevik party's position after the uprising in November by repelling attacks from oppositions; therefore, although Lenin's role of directing the direction of the Bolshevik party during the revolution was the most significant, Trotsky' role of commanding the Bolshevik armed forces and implementing plans were also very important. Overall, while historian Whites was accurate to comment that, "Without Lenin there would have been no October Revolution", for Lenin was the ultimate leader of the Bolshevik party, Trotsky had played an essential role implementing Lenin's directions, especially in the military aspect. Due to the prevalence of opposition forces within Russia, including the White, Green armies and the Allies' forces, the Bolshevik party had to focus intensively on their consolidation of power period. During the Civil War of 1918-1920, while Lenin has appointed Trotsky as the Comissar for War, it was Trotsky who directly commanded the Bolshevik arm forces; therefore, Trotsky's contribution was significantly more important in this particular aspect. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nevertheless, there were a number of small differences between the two figures' opinions regarding the matter. While Trotsky agreed with Lenin that Russia's army was no match for the Germany army, a peace treaty with the capitalist state would be in contradiction with all of the Bolshevik party's military and political accomplishments from 1917-1918; furthermore, it would revive the notion that the Communist party was affiliated with the Germany government. In the end, Lenin's decision of "peace at any price" was ultimately agreed upon and Trotsky had to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk; nevertheless, this had marked the end of Trotsky's participation in Russia's foreign affairs, thus causing Trotsky's role in foreign policy to be rather limited. On the other hand, Lenin was extremely occupied with spreading communist revolution worldwide and has contributed most significantly to the state's foreign policy. The most prominent aspect of his contributions is arguable the Comintern - Communist International program. Overall, it is clearly evident that, Lenin was much more committed in directing Russia's foreign policy than Trotsky, who was only involved with the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    October 1796-> Napoleon's first proclamation to his troops. It resulted in number of splendid victories over the Austria. Battles in Northern Italy 1796-1797: 1) Battle of Lodi - 1796 2) Battle of Arcola - 1796 3) Battle of Rivoli - January 1797, the last battle.

  2. Compare and contrast the contributions of Lenin and Trotsky to the establishment and consolidation ...

    events such as the Bolsheviks loosing control of wheat areas, paper money became worthless causing food riots because of starvation in the cities and workers fleeing to countryside in search of food as well as the army (mass dissection). This as well led the peasants to drastically reduce their crop production.

  1. Assess the effect of the creation of the Bolshevik Party on Russia up to ...

    * Lenin was able to successfully denounce the provision government through his April Theses and convince the Bolsheviks to initiate a communist revolution. * By the September of 1917, the Bolsheviks had a majority. * When the Bolshevik Party gained power, Lenin was influential in all activities within the party.

  2. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought about the october revolution ...

    It is important to remember that the Provisional Government was not a democratically elected body, but a body elected by a rebellious committee of the fourth Duma. Although the Duma was an elected body, it was essentially elected only by the upper and middle classes.

  1. To what extent is it fair to say that with the impact of the ...

    was considered "counterrevolutionary".33 34 The Bolsheviks also loathed the Orthodox Church that had a long tradition of supporting the tsarist rule. During the Civil War the Church supported the Whites. The Bolsheviks attempted to turn Russia into an atheist state. Priests were mercilessly shot and the Church property was confiscated.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Aimed to ?strengthen religious and moral notions and spread basic knowledge? Secondary 1. Women to be included in secondary schools from 1864 onwards. 2. Numbers doubled to 800000 during the 1860s. 3. Curriculum extended to include the classics, modern subjects (natural science and drawing).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work