• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Answers to Questions on Russia and the 1905 Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Years of Change: Chapter 4 Structured Questions and Essays: 1a. Witte adopted a policy of limited industrialization in Russia in the late nineteenth century because he had a vision for the economy?s industry and railways to be financed by foreign capital. He hoped for long-term growth, and while he got it, he also basically caused the Russian Revolution through his reforms. 1b. Witte had railway building begin, stabilized the Ruble by ?forbidding speculation and amassing gold by high exports of agricultural goods,? encouraged education and supported the avoidance of war. 1c. Witte?s objectives were successful in that production of goods increased (examples: iron, coal, oil, cotton). However, nearly a third of the money invested in Russia came from abroad ? making Russia a not-so-self-sufficient nation ? and the new dependence on overseas economic intervention left Russia so constantly in debt that any war or scuffle would have destroyed it financially. Also, in order to raise capital, indirect taxes were raised and huge portions of crops were taken from the people. Besides this, Witte ignored innovative forms of industry, and imported almost all machinery, ?making servicing difficult and costs high.? To add to this, Witte was ignorant of supply usage and didn?t do a very good job of utilizing all that the landmass had to offer. ...read more.

Middle

5b. Russia?s ambitions in Manchuria greatly affected its relations with Japan. The two powers argued about rights in both Manchuria and Korea, and were constantly renegotiating. This led to the Russo-Japanese war and Russian humiliation, which amused the rest of the powers greatly and brought Japan a step higher on the social ladder. 6. Russia was a modern industrial power in that it had ambitions in Manchuria, was producing and trading a large amount of iron, coal, cotton, and oil, had a railway system, had connections with its surrounding powers (railway rights in China). It had relations with a number of nations and was exporting a large number of goods. ________________ DBQ?s 1. Source A talks about how the citizens of St. Petersburg ?have become beggars,? ?have been oppressed,? and are ?not recognized as human beings.? Things have gotten so bad for them that they prefer death to the tortures they are enduring. It speaks of strikes, enslavement, and begs for a change. It is different from Source D in that Source D demands a change, rather than asks for one. Source D speaks poorly of the government in saying that it ?continues to stride over corpses.? 2. ...read more.

Conclusion

The bear is shackled and is being led somewhere. Considering the caption is “The voter,” it seems the techniques used are attempting to show the voter being led like an animal to believe the Tsar is benevolent. The thievery shown through the cutting of the man on the left’s sack of grain shows that the government is taking from the peasants, despite the façade of graciousness it works so hard to maintain. iii. The uses and limitations of Source G as evidence of the aftermath of the 1905 revolution are that: the posters share a common theme, the posters depict the Tsar as having made things worse for the people, and that none of the posters were done by the government – this means we only have one side of the story. 1. “1905 was not a revolution at all” is a statement that is both true and false. While people revolted, and reforms were made, the end-result was that things were almost worse than when they’d started. People were even angrier with the Tsar, and resented him immensely, the Tsar began criticizing the people for being ungrateful, and nationwide discontent was prominent. The goal of a revolution is to change the way things are being done – while this was the case for a period of time, as said before, things sort of reverted to the way they were before. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Was the Tsar to blame for his own downfall?

    However, the Tsar had already angered the students by prohibiting traditional student celebrations and his reform came too late; students were already against him. What resulted from this reform was that the universities became revolutionary centres from which radicals started to politicise the workers in nearby factories.

  2. Absolutism DBQ

    Charles, who according to the House of Commons who wanted Parliament to have more power because Charles refused to acknowledge the nobles, in Document 8, called the king a tyrant who would not recognize civil liberties and called his office a danger to the people.

  1. Russia 1905 revolution

    Transportation broke down, bread prices soared up. The Tsarist government was totally discredited in the eyes of the Russian people. In July 1904, shortly after the Russian defeat at the Yalu, the unpopular Minister of the Interior, Plehve, was assassinated by the Social Revolutionary terrorists. As war continued, discontent multiplied.

  2. Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905?

    Even what was meant to be an improvement turned against them as they had to pay for the land they acquired once they had been emancipated in 1861. All of this was made even worse if possible by the bad harvest of the late 1890s.

  1. Causes of the Mexican Revolution

    Mining production also slumped across the north, throwing miners out of work. The International Railroad that ran from Durango across important mining and livestock areas reported double-digit declines in tonnage carried. In the face of so many economic and social problems, the more sophisticated members of the provincial population joined

  2. How far was the Russo-Japanese War responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution?

    The Russo-Japanese War also brought about economic problems for Russia, and this therefore meant there was a significant lack of money to solve any other problems present Russia, hence partly being responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution. The war, as all wars do, cost an extreme amount of money.

  1. To what extent did Alexander Tsar II deserve the title of Tsar Liberator

    the list goes on, and by nature Alexander II was neither a liberal nor a reformer and was not by any account particularly intelligent or innovative. The first, biggest and by far the most important reform was the emancipation of the serfs, which came in 1861 following consideration and planning

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Forced to rent land at higher prices, burden of redemption payments, higher tax burden, tied to the village with redemption payments 6. Subject to communal courts (volosts) thus didn?t have full rights; Mir replaced gentry in the role of controlling peasants? lives.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work