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Appeal to the League of Nations

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Introduction

Appeal to the League of Nations Haile Selassie June 1936 -Haile Selassie was the Emperor of Ethiopia at the time that Italy had invaded Ethiopia -The article is an appeal by Haile to the League of Nations asking why they are not helping, and asking them to start helping -He states that the attack is a violation of international treaties that were made by the countries of the League -No reason to be made victims of such an injustice -Haile looks down upon the use of poison gas gas as the means to attack the people of his nation -Haile himself faught in the Ethiopian army, and he went to the Geneve conference to defend the people of his country against the atrocities of the Italians -He is a great believer in God, as he states that he prays to God to get them out of the situation -Blames the Governments at Geneva for eh deaths of the millions of people in his country -States that it is not only the government that Italy has waged war against, but instead against the people of the country to instill terror and to exterminate them -Italian army "hurled" tear gas, and barrels of liquid to no avail. The Ethiopian soldiers just waited for the air to clear and the liquid only affected a few of the soldiers. ...read more.

Middle

was not the last -Since nothing was done to stop the Rome Government, they were encouraged to further their plans -They made war plans thinking that the pressure of the Ethiopian government would not overcome that of the Italian -Time had come to break up the procedure of conciliation and arbitration -Obstacles were placed in the way of the Ethiopian government: Hard to find arbitrators Pressure was given to arbitrators to favour the Italians -The arbitrators were forced to recognize that the Wal-Wal incident was not an international responsibility Peace Efforts -After this, the Ethiopian government thought that a time to become friendly with the Roman Government had come -Haile himself offered his hand to the Roman Government -The details of events from December 1934-October 3, 1935 were given to the Assembly by the Committee of Thirteen on October 5, 1935 -In the time between these two dates, the Italian Government was against the idea of the Ethiopian appeal -Also, during that time, Italian soldiers were being dispatched into East Africa -Italy defended this action by saying that they had to defend their colonies -The Ethiopian Government looked to settle everything peacefully, whereas the Italian Government believed that the procedures of the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928 -The Ethiopian Government agreed to be as helpful as possible -The Wal-Wal incident was settled by arbiration, and after this, the Italian Government submitted a memorandum to ...read more.

Conclusion

What undertakings can have any value if the will to keep them is lacking? It is international morality which is at stake and not the Articles of the Covenant. On behalf of the Ethiopian people, a member of the League of Nations, I request the Assembly to take all measures proper to ensure respect for the Covenant. I renew my protest against the violations of treaties of which the Ethiopian people has been the victim. I declare in the face of the whole world that the Emperor, the Government and the people of Ethiopia will not bow before force; that they maintain their claims that they will use all means in their power to ensure the triumph of right and the respect of the Covenant. -I ask the fifty-two nations, who have given the Ethiopian people a promise to help them in their resistance to the aggressor, what are they willing to do for Ethiopia? And the great Powers who have promised the guarantee of collective security to small States on whom weighs the threat that they may one day suffer the fate of Ethiopia, I ask what measures do you intend to take? -Representatives of the World I have come to Geneva to discharge in your midst the most painful of the duties of the head of a State. What reply shall I have to take back to my people?" ...read more.

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