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Arabia on the eve of the emergence of Islam

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Arabia on the eve of the emergence of Islam "It was Mecca's economic and religious role that contributed to the emergence of Islam" Discuss this statement. At the eve of the emergence of Islam, Mecca had become an important social, economic and religious hub in Arabia, partly because of its geographic location and but more importantly because it was home to the cube known as the Ka'aba, which according to the local Arabian tribes was built in honor of god by Abraham whom they consider to be their ancestor. Mecca was under the custodian of the Quraish tribe, a rich and powerful tribe of the Hejaz who had obtained their wealth from the influx of pilgrims and traders into their city. The Quraish were very successful traders and commendable at commerce, with their prosperity also came power and influence. Geographically, Mecca is situated between mountains and in valleys, its surroundings is masked by rocky and arid terrains, there was hardly any fertile soil for a outfields of crops and barely enough water for herds of livestock. ...read more.


Nevertheless it would seem from the chronicles of history, prophets had only come to the Jews who had descended from Isaac the other son of Abraham, it is then believed that as time passed and with no proper guidance, the Arabs began to taint their monotheism with polytheistic ideologies and as generations passed their whole concept of monotheism was sophistical. At the eve of the rise of Islam, the Ka'aba was home to nearly three hundred and sixty over idols from all across Arabia, the most famous of these were called the three daughters of Allah. Al-lat, Manat and Uzza. Despite their economic and social triumph, the Quraish as a whole in fact all of Arabia was in dire need of reforms. Prosperity leads to economic growth nonetheless the gap between the rich and the poor was wide enough that there were beggars on the streets of Mecca, corruption was rampant, tribes would wage wars on each other over simple matters, a classical example would be that of harb al basus, a war that lasted for 3 generations all over an old lady and her camel. ...read more.


to their old ways however the ideology that Islam had brought was so powerful and poignant that Summayah was the first woman to be a martyr as her belief in the religion was so steadfast. The poor and slaves who had converted saw Islam as an ailment to a society that had been long infected with a virus. Another Example is that of the Abyssinian slave Bilal, whom upon conversion was tormented to torture, nevertheless he uttered 'one' under the desert sun with a boulder on him. Islam came to Arabia at a time that society was vulnerable and needed much reform. Islam was the answer to the problems of the Arabs, and it took a while for those who were at the higher end of the hierarchy to succumb to the fact that Islam was the way of life. Islam Isn't a new religion however it is the same religion that Abraham believed in however it came to those who needed it most and continues to guide several billion people today. ?? ?? ?? ?? IB Islamic history HL ...read more.

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