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articles vs. constitution

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Articles of Confederation and Colonial Period Relationship Alice Wang IB-HOA/P-5 "A man's errors are his portals of discovery." - James Joyce The Articles of Confederation were created to satisfy the political needs after the Revolution, reflecting American distaste for the principles of British rule. It also exposes the wariness by the states of a strong central government. Colonists were afraid that their individual needs would be ignored by a national government with too much power because of past experiences from the British and the abuses that often result from such power. Thus, the Articles of Confederation were a means to solve issues colonies confronted during British rule. However, although the Articles of Confederation were an attempt to set up an effective government, it was clearly more concerned with prohibiting the government from gaining too much power than with empowering it to function effectively. When the British government had run up a huge debt from the French and Indian War, they decided to leave the financial burden to the colonies. ...read more.


During 1763 to 1776, Great Britain continued to shift their financial burden from the French and Indian War to the thirteen colonies. The Stamp Act of 1765, which taxed all legal documents, newspapers and other documents, outraged colonists and usurped the self-taxation by the thirteen colonies. The British and the colonists both did not have interest in creating a colonial delegation to Parliament. The British argued that the colonists were already represented in Parliament, basing their case on the theory of virtual representation, which stated that members of Parliament regarded the United States by the rule of mercantilism, and expected it to pay for itself. This meant that all parts of the States had to contribute revenue to the costs of running the British Empire, and also to obey certain basic rules that applied to everybody. The colonists felt that it was wrong for Parliament to impose laws and particularly taxes on them, since they were not represented in Parliament. ...read more.


Thus, they advocated to the State senate to halt foreclosure of mortgages and issue paper money as a result of high land taxes. Shay's Rebellion showed emphasized the weakness of the Articles of Confederation and that the states were too democratic in nature. It also showed how the national government needed to take charge and be granted more power in order to take better care of their people. Although the Articles of Confederation was an effort to meet the political needs after the Revolution, there were many problems with the constitution. State and federal relationships and tax problems were unsuccessfully tackled during British rule and Articles of Confederation period mainly due to the lack of a central government. The States based their fear of a national government with too much power to the formation of a constitution, leading to problematic situations such as Shay's Rebellion. However, the mistakes created through both the Colonial Era and Articles of Confederation time period left behind lessons that helped form a strong, effective government in the future, and essentially portals of discovery. ...read more.

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