• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the aims of two countries entering the First World War. To what extent were they successful in achieving their aims?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the aims of two countries entering the First World War. To what extent were they successful in achieving their aims? Two important countries in the First World War are Germany and Britain. Germany entered the war on August 1 1914, when it declared war in Russia. Britain declared war three days later, after Germany did not withdraw from Belgium. Both these countries had individual aims prior to entering the war. However, succeeding in achieving these aims differs for the countries. Furthermore, the aims were influenced during the course of the war. There were several aims Germany had prior to entering the war. One of these aims was expanding their colonial overseas empire. This is described in full depth by Wilhelm II in 1867, by his emphasis on the policy of Weltpolitik. They needed overseas colonies for raw materials, power, and prestige. An example of this are the Moroccan Crises of 1905-1911. The German Kaiser Wilhelm II, in addition to the reason of testing the relationship between the Entente Cordiale, also acted in Morocco out of interests in African colonies. ...read more.

Middle

This is seen by their efforts in the naval and arms race. Prior to the beginning of the war, in 1914, they had 791,000 soldiers compared to Britain's 247,000. They spent 1,468 million marks compared to Britain's 1,071 million marks. However, all these aims were not made successful due to the fact that they lost the war and the Treaty of Versailles was put into effect. Germany's aim of being dominant industrially and militarily was a failure. It's army was reduced to 100,000 men; the army was not allowed tanks, airplanes, only 6 battleships, and no submarines. Economically, they were not allowed overseas colonies, and lost much of their territories, including the vital industrial areas of Upper Silesia and the Saar. As you can see from the above, the Germans wanted to dominate the other great powers of Europe, but this failed due to their defeat in World War 1, and the introduction of the Treaty of Versailles. The British Aims were much different. Instead of competing to be the top, they wanted to keep things as they were. ...read more.

Conclusion

As you can see from the above, Germany For both countries, the war influenced life in society and their aims. One strong example is Britain. The war influenced the aim of retaining the position as the number one colonial power because it weakened their status. They had to concentrate their efforts in the war, thus could not maintain the overseas colonies. To conclude, the aims of the countries were different. Germany, to summarize, wanted to dominate Europe industrially and economically, and to expand their overseas empire. England wanted to stay as they were, and put down the threat of a powerful united Germany. However, Germany was unsuccessful to a large extent, because they could not achieve any of their aims due to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. This connects to the aims of Britain, who succeeded in their aim of weakening Britain. Britain, however, could not maintain it's status as it was because of the outbreak of war and the worsened state of the economy. As the evidence in the paragraphs shows, the explanation is this: Germany was to no extent successful in achieving it's aims, and Britain was successful to some extent- and this result was determined by the course of World War 1. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Why were the central powers defeated in the First World War

    Austria-Hungary had also faced problems fighting Russia. Austria-Hungary was also a multi-national empire and so people the Czechs, the Serbs, the Bosnians refused to fight for Austria-Hungary. And when Austria-Hungary new emperor Charles became emperor he wanted to make peace and so he surrendered.

  2. How far was Hitler successful in achieving his aims?

    He had also signed a pact between the USSR called the Nazi-Soviet Pact in 1939(5). Although Hitler had quite a few political achievements he also made some pretty major mistakes. One of his mistakes was invading the USSR after they had made a pact.

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    Therefore, Romania continued to make reparation payments until the 1990s. Romania was also the United States' largest trading partner in Central and Eastern Europe during the 1980s and received the "Most Favorable Nation" certification which entailed benefits such as no tariffs on exported goods15.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    - In 1964, COMECON set up a bank for socialist countries - When the Soviet system collapsed and the iron curtain collapsed in 1990, COMECON collapsed with it and it no longer exists - The establishment of COMECON was not a riposte (an answer to a challenge)

  1. WWI. To what extent can it be argued that the First World War was ...

    This nationalistic pride went as far as wanting to "clamor for unification with the independent Serbia across the Danube. (Stavrianos, 434) Additionally, the Balkan Peninsula, "where Bosnia and Serbia were located, was a tense region where mutually antagonistic ethnic groups had just broken away from the control of the Ottoman

  2. To what extent did the reforms of Alexander II achieve his aims

    After the Emancipation Edict, further reforms were needed to fill the gaps in the social and administrative structure of Russia that were left by the emancipation of the serfs. These new reforms were also accelerated by the rising pressure to bring Russia closer to the modern, western world.

  1. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    is the policy implemented by Bismarck in an attempt to mitigate the increasing influence of the Catholic Church. He feared the emergent Papal influence over the Catholic community and regarded it as a direct threat to his own power and sovereignty in Germany, specifically the effect these developments could have

  2. To what extent did the Munich Conference contribute to the outbreak of World War ...

    of its territory to be carved up by other central European powers" (Leibovitz and Finkel). After attending the Munich Conference, Neville Chamberlain claimed ?I believe it is peace for our time?. However, just 2 days after Hitler?s invasion, Chamberlain was shocked by the news that ?the German Army rolled into the first non-Germanic territory to be taken by the Nazis.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work