• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Republic

Extracts from this document...


Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Republic In 1918, after Kaiser Wilhelm II was abdicated, Germany changed into a democratic republic with a new constitution. However, after many years of struggling for survival, the Weimar Republic failed and Hitler was appointed chancellor in January 1933. Even today there is a controversy to whether the Weimar Republic failure was as a result of its many weaknesses. The following essay will attempt to assess the strengths and weaknesses in the Weimar republic by examining them through the political, structural and economical points of view. With the formation of a new constitution in 1919, many details in the structure of the government had changed. The electoral system was very precise and based on proportional representation, which meant that the distribution of seats in the Reichstag was represented fairly and directly from the votes casts. This system, however, encouraged the formation of many small parties, resulting in 28 participating in the Reichstag. ...read more.


Many politicians of the time, such as Walther Rathenau, were assassinated. The government was providing something promising though. It had the elements of a perfect democracy, for example the Bill of rights, that gave Germans the right to vote and eliminated any discriminations of sex, race etc. In 1926 the government entered the League of Nations providing an international voice for Germany and its people. The Locarno Treaty and Kellogg-Briand Pact achieved by the Weimar republic tried to normalize the situation for Germans. In addition, people were regaining freedom in most aspects of their lives. The education, arts, literature, film and music boomed during the Weimar period. Women were no longer discriminated but had the right to work instead of the housewife role. Nonetheless, it appeared that Germany was not used to democracy, partially because it wanted a strong leadership and partially from the general decline of democracy in Europe at the time. The Weimar Republic had to face the threats from the left- and right-wing groups that hated the government. ...read more.


One of the weaknesses that was about to form in the German economy was the two huge loans USA propped up the Weimar Republic in the Dawes Plan, 1924 and the Young Plan, 1929. The German economy became dependent on USA. When the Wall Street Crash and Depression hit the US, the loans were required back to assist the American economy and German economy was devastated. Even though Gustav Stresemann had died in 1929 he had long foreseen what would happen. "The economic position is only flourishing on the surface. Germany is in fact dancing on a volcano. If the short-term credits are called in, a large section of our economy would collapse." In conclusion, the Weimar Republic had many strengths and weaknesses. The structure provided a fair and precise representation even of the smallest parties, but it gave the opportunity to small parties such as NSDAP to gain immense support and . The Republic had all the perfect democratic means, but the German society was undemocratic and had just finished a world war where the Republic was seen as a traitor. The German economy was fragile from its beginning, but the experiments of the Weimar republic weakened it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    The Allies, in turn, wanted Germany's economy to prosper, which would mean quicker reparations payments that would help repay war loans lent out by USA to Britain and France. In consequence came the Dawes Plan in 1924. The Dawes Plan was established so the loans could be given to Germany

  2. Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

    Street Crash which brought the German economy to its knees once more. This shows how despite the best efforts of the politicians, the economy was just not stable enough to withstand the new administrative change that took place. The social problems are therefore results from the economic problems.

  1. u.s. constitution

    This took power away from the state legislators which resulted in a power shift from the state government to the federal government. However, the amendment did not stay true to our founding fathers' vision and beliefs; they limited the power of the people because they were concerned that a large majority of the people were unsophisticated and illiterate.

  2. Why did the Second Spanish Republic Fail?

    Needless to say, this division between wealth stemmed great discontent and tension. Spain was also divided in many other ways - Left against Right, religious versus nonclerical and many others. All these people demanded different reforms from their government, and so it was difficult for the Republic to please all sectors of Spain.

  1. Weimar Republic

    By the late 1920s, right-wing filmmakers used the cinema to produce patriotic films such as Frederick the Great. * Literature: provoked right wing-writers * Thomas Mann * Herman Hesse * E.M. Remarque - All quiet on the Western Front (challenging stabbed in the back myth)

  2. Waimar Republic - The first years of rule

    Opposition from the left The extreme right was not bound together by the same ideological belief as the left, but they were bound together by separate values that they had in common: Nationalism was probably the foundation of the extreme right.

  1. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    In terms of education there were three related changes: "one was the decentralization within the education bureaucracy, a second was deprofesionalization with the authority of the intellectuals broken and a third related change was the strengthening of local community and especially local Party control over education."10 4.

  2. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Alexander II of Russia's reforms.

    Judges were also given an exponential pay rise which meant the government didn?t have to worry about bribery. This would mean more justice was seen in the nation. However, the police of the Third Section were still active and were allowed to arrest people are they wished.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work