• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Aviation at the Start of the First World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Aviation at the Start of the First World War At the start of the World War I when Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated on the 28th of June 1914, it was only just over a decade since the Wright brothers first twelve second flight at Kittyhawk. No country was prepared for the use of aircrafts in war or even admitted to have an effective weapon for war. Some countries had experimented with dropping bombs from aircraft, firing guns, and taking off and landing from aircraft carriers, but no country had designed or built aircrafts specifically for the purpose of war. Though limited bombing operations were introduced before 1914, most people thought that aircraft use was limited to reconnaissance or scouting missions. (Century of Flight contributors. 1) An October 1910 editorial in Scientific American unfairly criticized the airplane as a war weapon: "Outside of scouting duties, we are inclined to think that the field of usefulness of the aeroplane will be rather limited. ...read more.

Middle

The French army bought its first planes in 1910 and trained 60 pilots. It began to install armament in its reconnaissance craft in 1911. In Russia, Igor Sikorsky built the first "air giant," a four-engine plane that was the forerunner of the multiengine strategic bombers of World War I. The French military began experimenting with aerial bombing in 1912, as did the British in 1913. Adolphe P�goud in France also experimented with a hook-and-cable system for landing a plane on a ship at sea-following Eugene Ely in the United States who had successfully taken off and landed on the deck of a ship. (Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. 5) The United States had also experimented on a limited basis with military operations in aircraft. Glenn Curtiss experimented with the plane as a means of bombardment in June 1910 with his Golden Flyer. On August 20, 1910, at Sheepshead Bay racetrack near New York City, Lieutenant James Fickel fired the first shot from an airplane--a rifle at a target from an altitude of 100 feet (30 meters) ...read more.

Conclusion

Not until 1909 did the Signal Corps purchase an aircraft for military purposes. The U.S. Navy purchased its first plane, a derivative of the Curtiss Golden Flyer, in July 1911. On March 31, 1911, Congress first appropriated funds for military aviation, $125,000. The U.S. Signal Corps immediately ordered five new airplanes. Two of these--a Curtiss Type IV Model D "Military," and a Wright Model B--were accepted at Fort 1 Century of Flight Contributors. "Aviation During World War I." Century of Flight. Web. 27 Nov. 2011. <http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/airplane%20at%20war/Aviation%20at%20the%20Start%20of%20the%20First%20World%20War.htm>. 2 Angelucci, Enzo, and Matricardi, Paolo. World Aircraft: Origins - World War I. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1975. 3 Angelucci, Enzo, and Matricardi, Paolo. World Aircraft: Origins - World War I. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1975. 4 Angelucci, Enzo, and Matricardi, Paolo. World Aircraft: Origins - World War I. Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1975. 5 Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. The Invention of the Aeroplane -1799-1909. New York: Taplinger, 1966. 6 Chandler, Charles F. and Lahm, Frank P. How Our Army Grew Wings. New York: Ronald Press, 1943. 7 Harrison, James P. Mastering the Sky - A History of Aviation From Ancient Times to the Present. New York: Sarpedon, 1996. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe. Eastern Europe had been liberated, mainly by Soviet troops. By July 1945, Soviet troops were in the Baltic States, Finland, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania. The Soviet troops remained in these countries. Stalin had established a Communist government in Poland and Britain and the USA had protested against this.

  2. Wars frequently begin ten years before the first shot is fired. To what extent ...

    If Germany and France were to go into war, Austria-Hungary would remain neutral and if Russia attacked Austria0Hungary, Germany would aid Austria-Hungary. This agreement greatly limited the normal diplomatic processes designed to avoid war. Furthermore, a secret alliance caused inconsiderable unease in the international community as others were unaware of its contents even thought they knew that it existed.

  1. Band Of Brothers

    Ambrose describes a very detailed account of the training they went through and what was expected of them. The vigorous training that Easy Company went through consisted of learning their role in combat and how to defend themselves. Also, came the knowledge of how to react in certain situations and their particular role and objectives during an actual combat situation.

  2. The Curtiss P-40 Flying Tigers - fighting the Japanese in China.

    (Wikipedia Combat History) On 12/20/1941, the Flying Tigers surprised ten Ki-48 bombers, eliminating four and forcing the rest of the bombers to return to base.(The History Channel Vol.1) During the next few days, the RAF along with the Flying Tigers destroyed 23 bombers in total, a bitter present on Christmas for Japanese.

  1. The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World - A.W.

    In Zeus?s hands, Pheidias placed an eagle atop a scep-ter and a likeness of Nike, the winged goddess of victory. Zeus was not alone in his temple but was accompanied by his mythical son Herakles, a hero to local residents and considered the founder of the games.

  2. The Algerian War Start Date: 1954 End Date: 1962

    Returning Muslim veterans were shocked by what they regarded as the French government’s heavy-handed actions after Sétif, and some (including veteran Ahmed Ben Bella) joined the MTLD. Ben Bella went on to form the MTLD’s paramilitary branch, the Organization Speciale, and soon fled to Egypt to enlist the support of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

  1. What caused World War 1?

    Militarism can be seen as an expansion of nationalism in the context that a nation which felt a sense of superiority when it compared itself to others would manifest this way of thinking through its military. Military power to an autocratic leader was comparable to a young man, in the

  2. Why did Tsarism fail to survive the first world war

    This showed that before the revolution even, Russia was not in a very stable condition and in 1902, riots started. 80 estates in the province of Kharkov were attacked. Peasants attacked and burned down the houses of their landlords. The peasants wanted to have their own land.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work