• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bloody Sunday took place in Derry in Northern Ireland 1972. What had started with a peaceful demonstration ended up with 14 dead demonstrators, 7 being underage. From an Irish-catholic perspective this was yet another act of suppression

Extracts from this document...


14/02/11 Ebba Henningsson IB1 Bloody Sunday 1972 Blood Sunday took place in Derry in Northern Ireland 1972. What had started with a peaceful demonstration ended up with 14 dead demonstrators, 7 being underage. From an Irish-catholic perspective this was yet another act of suppression as it was their men who suffered after protesting peacefully against an internment which, according to them, only affected their people. From a Northern Irish-protestant perspective however the army was simply preventing another mass destruction demonstration like so many before during "The Troubles" in Northern Ireland. Looking at the situation from different ideological perspectives it also differs. If examining the situation from an Irish Republican Army members perspective it would appear that the situation was very biased and targeted on the IRA. As later studies have shown, which several witnesses claimed, none of the people killed on Bloody Sunday were armed and the army had received a cease fire order before any of the deceases died. This would add to the anger and frustration felt for the British military, in retrospect this view could be partly shared by the Loyalists (Northern Ireland supporters) however at the time when a fake police report was published where it was stated that all the victims were armed the Loyalists probably felt the army had done the right thing in protecting the civilians. ...read more.


Prior to Bloody Sunday some young Catholics, like Northern Ireland's Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness, had already joined the IRA to fight against what they saw as an occupying British Army. However, the actions of the Parachute Regiment in shooting dead 13 unarmed civil rights protestors immeasurably strengthened Irish republicans' arguments within their own community and provided the Provisional IRA with a flood of fresh recruits for its "long war". In London, some government ministers may have approved the notion of "getting tough with the terrorists" who flouted their authority within so-called no-go areas like Derry's Bogside. Harsh Yet the sheer number of lives lost on Bloody Sunday and the harsh international reaction to the killings convinced ministers and senior civil servants to re-examine their security policies and the kind of political advice they were getting from the unionist run government at Stormont. Westminster decided that it must have full control over law and order. Stormont resisted. So Bloody Sunday set in train the suspension of the Northern Ireland government in March 1972, which led to the decades of direct rule from London. Despite several experiments at devolution, that era has only now drawn to a close with the restoration of policing and justice powers to Stormont after a gap of nearly 40 years. ...read more.


On this level, the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, set alongside moves like the early release of paramilitary prisoners, fed a growing sense of alienation among unionists regarding the peace process after the signing of the Good Friday agreement. 'Pointless' This was compounded by growing concern over the cost of the Inquiry. As the legal bills ran into tens of millions then hundreds of millions of pounds not just unionists, but Conservative and Labour MPs questioned whether this was an appropriate use of resources. Nationalists responded by pointing out that much of the expense had been generated not by lawyers acting on behalf of the victims families, but those representing soldiers and the Ministry of Defence. In March 2010 the politician who is now Northern Ireland's Justice Minister discovered first hand the continuing sensitivities surrounding the Bloody Sunday inquiry. In a leaked e-mail, the Alliance leader David Ford, called the Saville inquiry "pointless". Some unionists commended him, but nationalists expressed outrage. In what was widely interpreted as a necessary move before he could take on the Stormont Justice portfolio, Mr Ford went to see the Bloody Sunday families to apologise in person. The creation of the Saville Tribunal was meant to help heal the wounds left by Bloody Sunday. But such are the dynamics of Northern Ireland that tending to one group of victims only serves to stir painful emotions amongst others. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. english vs irish 1800-1916

    Meanwhile, the bill for the "Home Rule" was being debated in Parliament. British Parliament was running Ireland without any Irish say because Catholics were not allowed in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, at least not until 1828 when Daniel O'Connel was omitted in.

  2. To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on ...

    uncovered that the Lusitania in particular would be carrying arms to Britain on her May 1, 1915 voyage8. The sinking of the Lusitania was also partly due to the personality of Walther Schwieger (U-20 commander). Schwieger believed in taking advantage of any opportunities that arise, even if they diverged with orders.

  1. How Successful was the Dayton Peace Agreement in Bringing Sustainable Governance to Bosnia and ...

    that went through 50 years of communism and on top of that a severe 4 year long civil war. On top of this in the 90's many former communist countries went through the struggles for achieving democracy including Bosnia which had a big impact on the politics of the world.

  2. Manitoba School Act

    When the Manitoba Act was passed, there were 24 school districts-12 for Protestant schools and 12 for Roman Catholic schools. When there was the significance change in population which was one of the key factors to decide the governmental funds, the old law should be adopted based on the current conditions not on the past ones.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Western powers wanted Russia to rejoin the war and thus supported White forces, the Bolsheviks had also refused to pay back foreign loans. Why did the Bolsheviks win? 1. Strengths of the Bolsheviks, weaknesses of the Whites. 2. Whites were divided in their goals and lacked a unified command.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Arafat, rather than Hussein; this meant they could no longer claim that 'Jordan is Palestine' The Camp David Treaty: - Sadat now realised that the best way to put pressure on Israel was through the USA and so Egypt began to move out of the Soviet Camp and into the

  1. How did the Black Death of 1348 impact on the rivalry for political power ...

    particular the manors of Louth, Meath and Co Dublin, before infecting people in Waterford including traders, which eventually carried the disease up the river Nore to Kilkenny . All of Ireland suffered, however 40 percent of the colonising population is supposed to have died .

  2. Discuss the Space Race from the USA Perspective.

    On 25 May, 1961, President John F. Kennedy addressed a joint session of Congress and declared, ?I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth.?[7] 2.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work