• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Brezhnevs rule saw the improvement in living standards as well as education. Yet, these successes were counter-measured by the deterioration in other social aspects

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Brezhnev came to power in 1964, in a time of great instability which stemmed from Khrushchev's rule. The years of Brezhnev's rule saw a great upsurge in the development of nuclear power as well as the reversal of Khrushchev's policies and the return towards Stalinism; there was a decline in the economy, art and literature were greatly censored and living standards suffered. There were serious housing shortages, poor living conditions, a lack of consumer goods, and low working conditions and wages for both workers and peasants. It can be said that Brezhnev's reforms in attempting to solve these problems were not without failures. Brezhnev's rule saw great societal discontent due to many shortages which arose from Khrushchev's rule. Peasants were faced with harsh living conditions and were forced to live in crowded shared or communes. Brezhnev's rule saw the improvement in living standards as well as education. Yet, these successes were counter-measured by the deterioration in other social aspects; divorce rates increased, illegitimate children were common, and there was a growth in single-parent households, which subsequently stirred up a rise in youth crime. ...read more.

Middle

Yet, these prosperities meant that the rife between regions and professions continued to grow bigger. The rise in education standards was undermined by the lack of employment oppurtunities for the qualified as blue-collar workers generally earned more than skilled professionals. Therefore, it can be said that although working conditions improved in the Soviet Society, it was undermined by the rise in unequal regional improvements. Brezhnev's domestic policies gave party leaders the power to maintain influence and control over the society and they were also allowed power to have special privileges, which angered the population and saw a growth in black markets. This meant that Brezhnev's policies experienced great regional divisions and inequalities - whilst wages, living standards and employment opportunities prospered in some and stagnated in others. The great improvement in working conditions of some areas attracted many labour to migrate. Subsequently, this saw a general decline of labour in stagnated towns and overcrowding in wealthier towns, which further amplified the gap between the rich and the poor regions. Therefore Brezhnev's promise of 'Developed Socialism' had been further undermined by the unequal regional successes in living and working conditions. ...read more.

Conclusion

The conference saw moderate progress in reducing internal tension and also its external tension; thus, this period experienced some hope for the end of the Cold War. Therefore, in certain parts of the Soviet Union, the general standard of living and working conditions prospered in Brezhnev's era: there were improvements in housing levels progressed, as well as education. The Ninth Five-year plan attempted in increasing the availability and quality of consumer goods, and although the policy seemed successful in the first five years, the policy backfired and failed to transform the structure of the Soviet society. Soviet citizens also prospered from a general improvement in wages, working benefits and a rise in living conditions. However, these successes were undermined by the increase in inequalities and divisions between regions. The improvements in living standards also backfired and instead saw an increase in widespread social unrest such as alcoholism, crime and divorce. Although, Brezhnev's policies attempted to transform and to modernize the structure of the Soviet Union, his social reforms did not succeed is solving the many social problems in the Soviet Union. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    which many claimed that the CCP had become a privileged caste, alienated from the masses. * The movement spread to the universities as students called for multi-party elections and a Democracy Wall was created at Beijing University, with student and lecturers pinning up posters.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Democratic Successes and Failures of Andrew Jackson and Nelson Mandela

    black communities to provide millions of people with running water, plumbing, telecommunications, and education, and launched Reconstruction and Development Program to invest in social services including heath care and housing, among other such legislative reforms. Hence, as the revolutionary and historic leader of South Africa, Mandela, like Andrew Jackson, was

  1. Discuss the successes and failures of Henry I as king of England

    However, he made it, and held onto power. He acted fast, while his brother Robert was still travelling back from the Holy Land, he was annoyed that Henry had taken the throne but did nothing. This might be the ignorance of Robert which should be not never ignore and he should immediately adopt a defensive posture.

  2. Women During the Period of Crusades. Crusades were expeditions as well as being ...

    taking up male trades in the absence of men fighting in the Crusades. For instance, women frequently were involved in the protection of towns and castles under bombardment. During the times of the Crusades many husbands and sons would be absent for as long as ten years, many never even

  1. A period of economic and political stagnation. How valid is this assessment of the ...

    It was this that enabled him to remain close to Khrushchev in the political spectre but distance himself from his leader?s policies, as well as overcome rivals Podgorny and Kosygin, despite the latter passing important economic reforms. In his early years, Brezhnev appeared an understated character with an ability to

  2. How did the Black Death of 1348 impact on the rivalry for political power ...

    Following this success, MacMurrough gave his daughter to Richard de Clare, otherwise known as 'Strongbow', one of the Marcher Lords of Wales who was partially responsible for his victory. This would start the popular tradition of English-Irish intermarriage which permitted the Gaelicisation of the settlers and would continue for a long period .

  1. History and Philosophy of Ukraine

    that man is a microcosm. What exactly is meant by the term Ukrainian "philosophy of the heart''? Firstly, it depends on such features of the Ukrainian national character, as emotionality - providing high-value sense, a special kind of vision of nature, specific humor.

  2. How successful was Khrushchev as Soviet Leader?

    De-Stalinisation had the aim of improving the population?s very low quality of life, a significant proportion of which were living below the poverty line, and was motivated by Khrushchev?s genuine ideological desire to see Communism popular again. With de-Stalinisation came beneficial social reforms that saw social benefits including pensions, education

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work