• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britain in WWI

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Britain Richard M´┐Żekallas By the 20th century, Britain was not anymore the most economically dominant country, it was outrun by Germany. However imperialistically it was the most successful. Colonialism and army were key factors of what was considered to be success. The empire had colonized about 30 million square kilometres of land, Britain itself being only 0,3 million square kilometres. It's most precious colony being obviously the rich, densely populated and historic India. Though Britain's army might have been average sized and average skilled, its great Royal Navy was a big necessity in the war. As mentioned before, Germany was back on its feet. This was mainly through the defeat of France in the Franco- Prussian war thanks to Bizmarck. England was not naive, and soon realised that it was Germany, that was the biggest threat to them since Germany was having rapid industrial growth and their imperial ambitions were growing (Germany didn't have many large colonies). In the 1870's England first begins to sense Germany's industrial advances harming them. But by the 1890's Germany was already trying to attack England's imperial politics wherever and however possible. In 1898, England saw Germany's intrusion into Turkey as an attack on English status in the East. The main trigger of Anglo- German tension was however the Naval Race. Alfred von Tirpitz's German Navy was an obvious preparation for offensive purposes towards England. ...read more.

Middle

Germans were conceived as barbarians (Huns) to the public. Britain' main pride was the Royal Navy which was the strongest and most experienced in the world. Its principle stood on the fact that the Royal Navy always has be stronger than the two next best navies put together. There were many sea battles in WWI especially against Germany. The biggest one occurred in Jutland on May 31st, 1916. Britain suffered about 6100 casualties while Germany suffered only 2500 and many less ships. Still the battle of Jutland is considered to be won by the British because Germany did not reach its goal and Britain still remained in control of the North Sea. After the severe casualty loss in Jutland, the British navy focused mainly on fighting against German U- Boats and the submarines in the Mediterranean. By the end of the war, the Royal Navy had lost about 170 ships, and 35 000 men. The army Britain had was not big, it was fairly average size. At the outbreak of the war in August 1914, Britain had about 235 000 regular troops. When Lord Kitchener was appointed new war minister, he started campaigning and recruiting new volunteer troops. This went fast, with about 33 000 people being recruited per day! By 1916, about 2.6 million men had already volunteered. This caused a major shortage of armoury including weapons. The number of soldiers was still not thought to be enough though, and because of the heavy losses, the government passed the Military Service Act which made participating in war compulsory to everyone. ...read more.

Conclusion

This meant that a lot of men signed themselves up to war. No one could have expected the war to last four years with such heavy casualties. Public opinion and support for the country's participation in the war became negative. Many soldiers wrote letters and poems back home describing their life in the trenches which attributed to the disliking of the war. It was David Lloyd in fact who took the responsibility of motivating people in Britain to maintain the number of soldiers and factory workers by using the media. Newspaper articles and television-shows were shown which stressed that the success of the war depended on the people back home. Other methods were used as well but still, the second half of the Great War remained negative in the public eye. At the end of the war there was a short relief in the public- the Great War was over. People now wanted to see some results for such great sacrifice and sufferings. Britain had won, but had not gained much from it other than a confident and much more respected name. Prime minister Lloyd George gave a speech saying: "Germany is going to pay restitution, reparation, and indemnity, and I have personally no doubt that we will get everything out of her that you can squeeze out of a lemon and a bit more" Of course, how much is it possible to take from a ruined and squashed country. None the less, after this speech the country gained much better public opinion. It was a matter of convincing the people of accomplishment and of the nation recovering quickly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Architectural Masterpieces in England

    Uniquely, Salisbury was built nearly to completion within a single generation. As a result, the final structure presents a unity of vision that is very satisfying and evocative of a single era of English architecture, and is probably the finest example of Early English in the country.

  2. Creative writing. Letters from the trenches.

    The Conditions were horrendous. The trenches were extremely narrow, often damp or wet this gave some of us something they call trench foot. In the trenches there was mud, bodies, and rats and lice. We had no protection from the elements, Constant danger from the enemy, and from going over

  1. Was there continuous economic decline in Britain during the second half of the twentieth ...

    after, they all felt that they had failed to achieve significant success. Britain also failed to succeed in the drive for exports. Britain's share of world trade declined a quarter to ten per cent between 1950 and 1970. In shipbuilding, the tonnage produced by British shipyards collapsed from 37 to less than four per cent.

  2. History Before WWI

    Russia was poor. Agriculture was hopelessly inefficient: starvation The contradictions of modernization - desirable but posed a serious threat to the tsarist regime: - Would be difficult to maintain the institutions of tsarist autocracy in a modernized Russia - Industrialization created social tensions when millions moved from the countryside to

  1. The loss of lives was the most significant result of WWI, discuss.

    had resulted in the widespread loss of lives, with speculated figures ranging from 20-100 million. The lack of sanitation, as well as hospital facilities (hospitals catering to both the wounded soldiers and infected victims) would have definitely contributed to the overall loss of lives.

  2. Constitution and New Government

    "Great Compromise" i. Lower House- Representation by population, with slaves counting as 3/5 person ii. Upper House, the states should be represented equally with two members apiece iii. Proposal broke in deadlock iv. 7/16/1787- Convention voted to accept it e.

  1. Ways to lose a colony EE

    The merchants managed to pressure Queen Elizabeth to grant a royal charter, which secured the company initially known as The Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies, exclusive rights to trade with India for 15 years. This venture became the first company with joint shareholding in history1

  2. Explain why Britain joined the EEC in 1973 and why the process caused so ...

    Harold Macmillan gave a speech to parliament signalling the intention to apply to the EEC for membership, the formal application presented to the EEC on the 9th of August. "Macmillan's main tactic was to establish an understanding with [Charles] De Gaulle?, President of France since 1958 ?whereby both countries, with

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work