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British role in the establishment of The State of Israel

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Introduction

´╗┐British role in the establishment of The State of Israel Shortly after the downfall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, Britain gained control over the land of Palestine who managed the area under a League of Nations mandate from 1920 to 1948. To the Arab inhabitants who lived in the region, it was their homeland which the Allies promised independence as a reward for the help they received in defeating the Turks by the McMahon Agreement - though the British claimed the agreement gave no such promise.[1] However in November 1917, Britain had made another promise to Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland [2]regarding the exact same land of Palestine to be issued as a national homeland for Jews (See Appendix A). This poor fashion of two-timing on Britain?s behalf, later proved to be a cornerstone for the cause of the lethal ?love triangle? between Jews and Arabs for the land of Milk and Honey. ...read more.

Middle

Their tactics were based on the strategic principles of surprise, mobility, and night attacks and they served effectively both as defensive and offensive units, successfully pre-empting and resisting Arab attacks [5] . Major Orde served as a main cornerstone of the Jewish military strength and through his help; he was successful in shaping what later became known as the Israel Defense Forces. However, his blatant bias could have risked his military career in fact Major Orde was restricted from entering the Mandate in 1939. Soon after the Balfour Declaration was issued, Britain attempted to mend her various contradictory promises by issuing another statement in 1922 which is known as Churchill?s White Paper that assisted the Jewish immigration to Palestine. It is necessary that the Jewish community in Palestine should be able to increase its numbers by immigration. This immigration cannot be so great in volume as to exceed whatever may be the economic capacity of the country at the time to absorb new arrivals.[6] However, After Arab riots in 1929, the Shaw Commission requested a re-consideration of the immigration policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country." I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely, Arthur James Balfour[8] ________________ [1] Chris Trueman Palestine 1918 to 1948 http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/palestine_1918_to_1948.htm [2] Balfour Declaration http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration [3] 1920-1947: The British Mandate Period Excerpted from Palestine and the Palestinians (Boulder, Co: Westview Press, 1997), by Samih K. Farsoun with Christina Zacharia, pp. 72-86. http://www.thejerusalemfund.org/ht/d/ContentDetails/i/2963 [4] פ××××ת ××××× ×××××××ת Special Night Squads SNS, http://www.wertheimer.info/family/GRAMPS/Haapalah/plc/f/b/bb4afaefe93552232bf.html [5] Wingate, Orde Charles (1903-1944) Dr. Motti Friedman, Esther Carciente, Jewish Zionist Education, The Jewish Agency for Israel, http://www.jewishagency.org/JewishAgency/English/Jewish+Education/Compelling+Content/Eye+on+Israel/Gallery+of+People+(Biographies)/Wingate+Orde+Charles.htm [6] The 1922 British White Paper, an official British policy paper Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Home Page http://israelipalestinian.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000576 [7] British Opposition to Jewish Immigration to Palestine, Palestine Facts http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_oppose_immigration.php [8] Balfour Declaration: 1917 www.thenagain.info/webchron/Balfour.html ...read more.

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