• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

British role in the establishment of The State of Israel

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐British role in the establishment of The State of Israel Shortly after the downfall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, Britain gained control over the land of Palestine who managed the area under a League of Nations mandate from 1920 to 1948. To the Arab inhabitants who lived in the region, it was their homeland which the Allies promised independence as a reward for the help they received in defeating the Turks by the McMahon Agreement - though the British claimed the agreement gave no such promise.[1] However in November 1917, Britain had made another promise to Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland [2]regarding the exact same land of Palestine to be issued as a national homeland for Jews (See Appendix A). This poor fashion of two-timing on Britain?s behalf, later proved to be a cornerstone for the cause of the lethal ?love triangle? between Jews and Arabs for the land of Milk and Honey. ...read more.

Middle

Their tactics were based on the strategic principles of surprise, mobility, and night attacks and they served effectively both as defensive and offensive units, successfully pre-empting and resisting Arab attacks [5] . Major Orde served as a main cornerstone of the Jewish military strength and through his help; he was successful in shaping what later became known as the Israel Defense Forces. However, his blatant bias could have risked his military career in fact Major Orde was restricted from entering the Mandate in 1939. Soon after the Balfour Declaration was issued, Britain attempted to mend her various contradictory promises by issuing another statement in 1922 which is known as Churchill?s White Paper that assisted the Jewish immigration to Palestine. It is necessary that the Jewish community in Palestine should be able to increase its numbers by immigration. This immigration cannot be so great in volume as to exceed whatever may be the economic capacity of the country at the time to absorb new arrivals.[6] However, After Arab riots in 1929, the Shaw Commission requested a re-consideration of the immigration policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

"His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country." I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation. Yours sincerely, Arthur James Balfour[8] ________________ [1] Chris Trueman Palestine 1918 to 1948 http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/palestine_1918_to_1948.htm [2] Balfour Declaration http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration [3] 1920-1947: The British Mandate Period Excerpted from Palestine and the Palestinians (Boulder, Co: Westview Press, 1997), by Samih K. Farsoun with Christina Zacharia, pp. 72-86. http://www.thejerusalemfund.org/ht/d/ContentDetails/i/2963 [4] פ××××ת ××××× ×××××××ת Special Night Squads SNS, http://www.wertheimer.info/family/GRAMPS/Haapalah/plc/f/b/bb4afaefe93552232bf.html [5] Wingate, Orde Charles (1903-1944) Dr. Motti Friedman, Esther Carciente, Jewish Zionist Education, The Jewish Agency for Israel, http://www.jewishagency.org/JewishAgency/English/Jewish+Education/Compelling+Content/Eye+on+Israel/Gallery+of+People+(Biographies)/Wingate+Orde+Charles.htm [6] The 1922 British White Paper, an official British policy paper Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Home Page http://israelipalestinian.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000576 [7] British Opposition to Jewish Immigration to Palestine, Palestine Facts http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_oppose_immigration.php [8] Balfour Declaration: 1917 www.thenagain.info/webchron/Balfour.html ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    Under Trotsky's supervision this Revolutionary Committee took control over the Petrograd Garrison. This led to the Garrison changing sites and fighting for the Soviets, which was vital for the successful overthrow of the Provisional Government. Although Trotsky's role was vital in the October Revolution the historian Terry Brotherstone argues that:

  2. To what extent was the failure of the British Mandate for Palestine attributable to ...

    The unity of Zionists was not one of the causes that led to failure of British mandate, however the Arab revolt was. From the start Arabs were suspicious of Jewish immigration into Palestine, it started off a small population of Zionists just wanted to live peacefully with the Arab majority.

  1. British Foreign Policy Failures in the Palestine Mandate

    The Palestinian area is regarded by Jews as their homeland due to religious significance and the traditional and cultural connections thus attached to the land. Herzl in his book Der Judenstaat writes that "we shall not revert to a lower stage; we shall rise to a higher one.

  2. Changing role of women

    to fight for the rights they deserved. 6- The suffragists where a group of women which made a campaign to win the vote for women. The campaigners were mainly middle-class women. They then formed an organization which they later called the NUWSS led by Millicent Fawcett.

  1. To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on ...

    Historian Colin Simpson blamed the entire plot on Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty. From the start of the war, Churchill ordered that all British merchant ships be armed, thus provoking increased aggression from Germany by breaking the Cruiser Rules12.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Begin opposed trading land for peace because he did not trust the Palestinians, giving a new ideological impetus to the settler movement. By 1981 Begin had brought the number of Jewish settlers in the OTs to around 110,000. - Begin argued that 242 did not apply to the WB

  1. Assess the success and failures of the British mandates in Palestine

    Balfour cam into contact with the Minister of Munitions David Lloyd George, which after words became the Foreigner Secretary, By 1917 both Lloyd George and Balfour where looking for something that would help the war effort, they were so desperate that they found useful the alliance with the Zionists, and

  2. The Westeinde is one of the higher parts of The Hague, and the story ...

    He hit upon the idea of urging and persuading his son to go into the priesthood, and in this he succeeded, with the help of various friends. He then petitioned the Emperor, Charles V, for an "octrooi" - (an authority)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work