• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cause of the Russian February Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CAUSES OF FEBRUARY REVOLUTION Every revolution marks an important event in our history. The Russian October Revolution in 1917 was possibly one of the most important events in the political history of the twentieth century and its resonance has not yet ceased in the twenty-first century. However, it is commonly accepted that the February Revolution in 1917 laid the foundation for the October Revolution to build on therefore to get a full grasp of the Russian Revolution in general, to be properly informed with the understanding of the political world which we live, it is extremely essential that one acquires a deep understanding of February Revolution by appreciating the causes of the revolution. What follows seeks to describe and analyze some situational causes which allow the possibility for direct causes, both intentional and unintentional to occur and hopefully will bring the complexity of the causes of this famous revolution to a level of simplicity that is comprehensive for any keen student of history. The February Revolution in fact, happened unexpectedly; it did manage to shock the Bolsheviks and Lenin who was still in exile in Switzerland as historian W.H. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the urban workers were oppressed by their owners with very low wages, terrible working and conditions. That combined with the shortage of food made them stood up for themselves against the government who failed to keep their citizens full and happy which is an intentional direct cause of the revolution. Not to mention that Marxism and Socialism are well-appreciated in Russia thanks to the industrialization process. Marxism and Socialism boosted the confidence of the workers and also enlightened their path which made the workers insisted on an end to social class divisions and an end to an autocratic, repressive government. Again, this is a direct cause, intentionally aimed at taking the Tsar down. The next day, the demonstrations grew even more and took on a more political nature because the people were now clamoring for an end to the war and an end to the Tsarist regime. People from all classes united together, gained momentum with some support from the Bolsheviks. As clarified previously, the urban workers and the peasants were furious because of the shortage of food and supplies but now everyone became impatience with the Tsar and his incompetent government. ...read more.

Conclusion

First of all, he refused to let the "Progressive Bloc" to run the government, opted for autocracy and instead, let Tsarina and the "Holy Man" Rasputin to run the government which soon turned into a disaster and thus even more discredits to the Tsar which unintentionally forced him to abdicate later on. And also it put him on the spot because now the Tsar would be personally blamed for any loss. For a second time, his risky moved unintentionally gave bad consequences. When the Tsar ordered an open-fire on the demonstrators, many soldiers mutinied and stood on the side of the people which was also a consequence of Russia's heavy loss during World War I. The soldiers had lost faith in its supreme commander and now decided to stand against him, intentionally. Even the commanders now did not promise to protect the Tsar because of the military failures coupled with the Tsar putting himself in trouble by commanding the front directly. The Tsar knew he was losing grip over the situation. Over the next few days, the situation was chaotic, and finally on 2nd of March, the Tsar abdicated himself and his son in favor of his brother Michael - who refused, realizing the immense hatred for an absolute monarchy in the people therefore the Romanovs came to an end. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Analyze the long term and short term causes of the 1917 February/March Russian Revolution

    level by 1916 and the casualties reached up to 3 800 000 deaths. This caused mass desertation from the frontline - a large part of Russian army was not loyal to its leader anymore. Tsar's attempts to lead the Russian army also lead to another myriad of problems - the

  2. Revision notes - Causes of the French Revolution and the Development of the Revolution ...

    The wars of the Spanish, Polish, and Austrian Succession had occupied the first half of the century, while the Seven Years War against Great Britain in the colonies had proved expansive and disastrous. Nevertheless, the French went on to participate in the War of American Independence opting to support the American colonists against Britain.

  1. Analyse the short and long term causes of the 1917 Feb/March Russian Revolution

    army in 1915 for then he was held personally responsible for the army's defeats. Moreover, his presence on the Eastern Front increased his isolation pushing him to rely on the support and advice of his wife, rather than his ministers.

  2. Was the Russian 1917 February Revolution inevitable?

    Another contributing factor to the revolution was Grigory Rasputin. He was a spiritual healer that became very intimate to the royal family and especially to the Tsarina which was very sympathetic towards him. Supposedly, Rasputin had the ability to temporarily heal Alexei from his hemophilia. However, Rasputin was hated amongst the nobility and many thought that Rasputin was influencing the Tsar's decisions.

  1. Was the Tsar to blame for his own downfall?

    Attacks to the landlords and their properties was made worse after the October Manifesto as the unrest in the countryside from conservative peasants who were disturbed that the Tsar had been forced to give up his God-given rights only worried and provoked other peasants who took advantage of the chaos to attack landlord estates.

  2. Compare and contrast the causes and nature of the February and October revolutions in ...

    Land was something Russian peasants yearned for; if they had land, they could feed and clothe themselves and improve their lifestyle. The final spark for the February revolution was bread riots ? people were hungry.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Succeeded in promoting political awareness in many and its actions influenced later generations of revolutionaries, especially the Socialist Revolutionaries. 4. SRs- democratic socialism, right of the people to govern themselves, attached importance to peasant organizations, encouraged peasant discontent. Reactionary turn 1865 1.

  2. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    rather it was his contentedness in maintaining the status quo and refusal to believe he was a poor leader. Furthermore, this cause is also politically linked to the failure of France?s Parliament, who at the time was known as the States General.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work