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cause of WW1

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Analyze the causes of the First World War HANSOO JANG H11 HISTORY The First World War began between European countries in 1914. The Great Powers who were the countries involved in the First World War, were Germany, Britain, Russia, France and Austria-Hungary. The war first started between Austria-Hungary and Serbia when Archduke Franz-Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia. However, there were several other causes which accumulated the tensions between those Great Powers. Those causes are called long-term causes and they included the alliance system, militarism, nationalism, imperialism and some small wars that happened before the First World War. First, the alliances were one factor of the causes of the First World War. The alliance system among the Great Powers separated them apart. The countries of Europe started allying with other countries as for its own protection for future needs and protection in the size of their armies. There were two alliances in Europe: the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. At first, Otto von Bismarck, who was the Chancellor of Germany between 1871 and 1890, kept good relationship between Germany and Russia. Kaiser Wilhelm, however, changed Bismarck's plan. ...read more.


Also, especially French politicians like Clemenceau and Poincare hated the Germans. People were upset when someone abused their countries. The second action that helped causing the war was the Balkans. The Balkans is the area of south-west Europe. It was occupied by Turkey once, until 1913 when Slav peoples such as Serbs, Bosnians, Bulgarians and Romanians wanted independence and rule themselves. Many of the nationalities in the Balkans were part of the Autro-Hungarian Empire. The Serbs were the most nationalistic of all. Serbia had became an independent country by the Treaty of San Stefano in 1878, but in 1900 many Serbs were still living under Turkey and Austria-Hungary rule. However, Serbia, in particular, wanted to unite all Serbs within a greater Serbia. This feared Austria-Hungary because it might lose not only the Serbs but also other Balkan nations. So Austria-Hungary wanted to take over the Balkans, to maintain herself protected (because the Balkans was like a bomb which could be burst any minute). As Russia was the protector of Serbia -because most Russian people were Serbs- it creased rivalry between Russia and Austria-Hungary. Therefore, nationalism was one of factor that caused the First World War by increasing tensions between the Great Powers, and the Balkan nationalism which brought tensions between Austria-Hungary and Russia. ...read more.


It let Serbia gain more land. Finally, the short-term cause, the assassination of Franz-Ferdinand caused the war immediately. On 28 June 1914, The Archduke Franz-Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo the capital of Bosnia. Franz-Ferdinand and his wife Countess Sophie von Chotkowa und Wognin ran away and married secretly on 28 June 1900. On 28 June 1914, Franz-Ferdinand and Sophie visited Sarajevo, spending their wedding anniversary. They drove an open-topped car, which was very public. When they were driving, six big cars appeared on the streets. Then Cabrinovic, young Bosnian terrorist and member of the Black hand organization threw a small bomb at Franz-Ferdinand's car. The reaction of Austria-Hungary came in three weeks after the Archduke's death, that Austria-Hungary and Germany together declared a war. Therefore, the assassination of the Archduke and his wife brought a war immediately. In the First World War happened due to some long-term causes and one short-term cause. The long-term causes included the alliance system, militarism, nationalism, imperialism and some small wars and crisis that happened before the First World War. The short-term was the assassination of the heir to Austria-Hungary: the Archduke Franz-Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. Therefore, the First World War did not only occur because of the assassination of the Archduke, but because of the other aspects that happened before the assassination. ...read more.

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