• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of the Cold War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Causes of the Cold War There were far reaching ideological, economic and political differences between the United States and the Soviet Union before the start of the Second World War, of which were intensified as a result shared suspicions following the Second World War. 1. Primary Causes Ideological: The United States and the Soviet Union represent two opposing systems of government. In the United States, the government is elected, and thus influenced by the freedom of elections. The public is able to form political parties in order to express their political positions. Americans also possess the right of assembly, of press, and the right of speech. Now, in the Soviet Union of Russia, the government is fashioned by the hands of the Communist Party. Unlike the United States, the Russian people do not have the right to form their own parties. In addition to this, they are not entitled to the right of assembly, of press, or of speech. These two systems of government are entirely opposed to each other. As a result, there was little room for any compromise whatsoever between Russia and the United States. ...read more.

Middle

Now, by 1945, at a meeting known as the "Yalta Conference," Russia obtained the Curzon Line, as the new marking of boundary with Poland, and in addition to this, the control of the eastern half of Germany. The war came to close in May of 1945, and Russia quickly consolidated its control over Eastern Europe. The Russian Red Army began by influencing the post-war elections. They intimidated voters and changed the voting lists. Although those who were not communists were still able to gain some votes, the majority of votes went directly to the communists. The result was this: the coalition governments that had been formed immediately following the war were now largely dominated by the communists. Two of the key ministries - Defence and Military (Police) - remained under constant communist control. Stalin, who was not satisfied with communist control of Eastern Europe, encouraged that the communists take part in the immediate post-war elections that were occurring in Western Europe. In late 1946, the French and Italian Communists were becoming the most powerful parties in both Italy and France. ...read more.

Conclusion

Poor relations between the United States and the Soviet Union: The deteriorating relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were reflected in two minor incidents in the year. Land-Lease was abruptly terminated by the United States and the Russian request for American economic aid for the purposes of post-war reconstruction was ignored by the government of the United States. (During the Second World War, the U.S. supplied much war material to the Allied nations through a Lend and Lease programme. As the Lend and Lease programme was suddenly stopped, the war-ravaged Soviet Union could not obtain American material support to help her post-war economic reconstruction.) The poor relations between the East and West were also reflected in a speech by Churchill. In March 1946, Churchill made a speech at Fulton, Missouri in which he said, "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent .... Behind that line lie all the capitals of the central and Eastern Europe - all are subject in one form or another not only to Soviet influence but also to a very high and increasing control from Moscow." The Fulton speech increased the American suspicion of Soviet aggressive designs in Europe. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    Potsdam produced few decisions of importance - The question of Germany was clearly all important. Final decisions upon Germany would depend upon a final peace agreement. In the event, this peace treaty never came about; there was no peace treaty with Germany at the end of the Second World War.

  2. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    The government also took control of industries while allowing some small private businesses43. After World War Two the economy of the Soviet Union continued to be a socialist economy that was planned by the government. Heavy industrialization by Joseph Stalin changed the makeup of the Soviet economy.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    � Cavour now organised a plebiscite in Naples, Umbria and the Papal Marches. The voters had little alternative: unite with Piedmont or continue the present state of near anarchy. A huge majority voted in favour of union although large numbers abstained.

  2. Assess critically the causes of world war I

    as opportunity arose, which is essentially what led to Germany's "blank cheque" to Austria after Ferdinand's assassination, and Austria's declaration of war on Serbia on 28th of July. According to historian Samuel R. Williamson J.R "The Balkan wars not only revolutionized the geographical situation; they also revived and accentuated feelings of South Slav unity.

  1. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    The air test-ban treaty puts stricter stipulations on nuclear testing, even though production continued. Besides the Cuban Missile Crisis did not create a Cold War, it created a "Hot War". Therefore with an actual confrontation of two superpowers, it created a confrontation neither wanted to repeat.

  2. The Cold War

    As the Second World War came to an end, the United States, Britain, the USSR and France divided Germany into four zones. Each country assumed control over one of the four zones. The capital of Germany, Berlin, was in the hands of Stalin, since it fell into the zone that the Soviet Union now occupied.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Course of events 1. Preliminary events started when soldiers and sailors from the naval base together with workers were (disputably) called out by Petrograd Soviet activists to overthrow the PG ?all power to the Soviets.? 2.

  2. Notes on the Causes of the American Civil War

    His solution to California and New Mexico was to have them ratify a constitution and apply for State hood. 3. California did and applied as a non slave State. 4. New Mexico did not have enough people, yet Taylor was prepared to admit them into the union.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work