• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of WWI and WWII

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline: Causes of WWI and WWII Introduction: WWI and WWII were horrific wars both fought on unprecedented scale and resulting in unprecedented casualties. The causes of such en masse slaughters of both soldiers' and civilians', but nonetheless human, lives are more similar between the two catastrophes than they are different. The ideological causes of the two conquests are similar for the most part and imperialism and nationalism of the countries involved along with the special role Germany played. However, the differences arise when the actual circumstances, triggers, alliances, and foreign policies of the countries participants of WWI and WWII are contrasted. Similarities: * Imperialism: For WWI, imperialism played a significant role in raising the friction between Britain, France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary. The colonial aims of these countries often ran counter to the other and thus conflicts, tensions at the very least, ensued. For example, the Boer War fought between Germany and Britain was a direct result of conflicting aims of the two countries in the region. Furthermore, the Morocco Crisis 1911 was a conflict between Germany and France again resulting due to conflicting colonial aims. ...read more.

Middle

The response of AH was plea of help and support from Germany and declaration of war on Serbia which drew Russia in as well. The nationalism in AH initiated after the spark from the assassination and the German nationalism drew Germany into war as well which also declared war on France and started its invasion. The nationalism in France and Britain was very little in the same regard. France was nervous and scared of the German militarization and rapid rise to the top and Britain was only nationalistic in her sense of envy against Germany. Similarly for WWII, the harsh conditions of WWI treaties, the great depression, loss of territory and resources etc. has created an environment of extreme nationalism and radical ideologies such as Nazism flourished. Hitler capitalized the nationalism and presented the idea of Aryanism, lebensraum etc. to lead Germany to war. * Role of Germany: Germany played the key role in both conflicts. In WWI, Kaiser's Weltpolitik and thus aggressive foreign policies drove many countries wary of Germany. Germany was dubbed the main aggressor in the war due to the rapid militarization, and mobilization, and also the aggressive foreign policies towards other European nations. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, in WWI, the technology was relatively less significant due to insufficient development. In WWII, the technology was extremely significant and military advances gave massive and sometimes key advantages over the respective enemies. The arms race also was a factor only in WWI as it raised the friction between Germany and Britain in their struggle to outdo each other. In WWII, the technology and arms were already in development and/or complete. * Mobilization: was critical in WWI as the common belief held that the country to mobilize quickest would win the war. It is this fact that led to rapid mobilization of all countries once a country had actually mobilized. In WWII, mobilization was not important due to efficient and speedy modes of transportation between the countries. * Post-WWI treaties: these of course only concern with the WWII. The treaties were extremely harsh on Germany and stripped Germany of her territory and gave her resources to other nations. Furthermore, the guilt clause in the treaty raised extreme hatred of the west and extreme nationalism thereby promoting the radical ideologies of groups such those of Hitler. * Great Depression: this economic catastrophe led to heightened promotion of the WWI. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. How did collective security develop, in particular between WWI and WWII?

    the old balance of power had changed and the congress system was replaced by alliances leading up to and partially causing the First World War. When armistice was signed, the US president Wilson wanted a permanent peace in Europe, to give meaning to the deaths of so many people.

  2. The Causes and Effects of Chinese-Japanese conflicts in the 1930s

    The Boxer Protocol was an unequal treaty between China and other eleven countries, it asked for millions of debts to different countries, and the government was almost controlled by the great powers. The foreign settlements were more important than the local government; this was seen as damage to China's reputation, it also consolidated the position of other power.

  1. Italy before WWI - poverty and migration.

    These peasants would only receive a small house, a small vegetable field and in good cases a small salary. Often they would have to give away half or even all of their harvest to the landowner. The harvest was much worse than in France or Germany for example.

  2. Causes of WWII

    * France also initiated the Geneva Protocol of 1924 which meant there was an arbitrator to settle disputes. * Both of these were rejected because the countries didn't want a commitment * France felt threaten territorially by Germany because it was close Ruhr Crisis * Germany complained it didn't have

  1. Nazi Germany

    make them into the 2nd German army, which would make him potentially the most powerful man in Germany (with control over 4million SA men) - Hitler didn't like the idea!! - On 30 June 1934, R�hm and the other SA leaders were arrested on Hitler's orders and executed (shot), (Hitler accused them of plotting an overthrow)

  2. Women WWII Article

    Do you feel your work was appreciated? Fighting and killing isn't the only thing you can do to win a war. Someone has to feed, clothe, and supply the soldiers too. Shame that I wasn't honored but I knew that I did something and that's enough for me.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Schlaim: "Each of the other Arab states was also moved by dynastic or national interests, which were hidden behind the fig leaf of securing Palestine for the Palestinians." - The Yom Kippur War demonstrated this loss of cooperation, as the Egyptians followed their own plan that did not support the Syrian advance, and Hussein warned Israel of the possible attack.

  2. To what extent were economic conditions the predominant factor in the proliferation and manifestation ...

    Known as a man who was determined in his cause, and willing to resort to ruthless, even revolutionary means to satisfy his thoroughly conservative ambitions, Bismarck founded the German Empire after a series of delicately engineered wars with France and Austria in 1871.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work