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Causes of WWI and WWII

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  • Essay length: 987 words
  • Submitted: 23/01/2009
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International Baccalaureate History

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Outline: Causes of WWI and WWII

Introduction:

WWI and WWII were horrific wars both fought on unprecedented scale and resulting in unprecedented casualties. The causes of such en masse slaughters of both soldiers' and civilians', but nonetheless human, lives are more similar between the two catastrophes than they are different. The ideological causes of the two conquests are similar for the most part and imperialism and nationalism of the countries involved along with the special role Germany played. However, the differences arise when the actual circumstances, triggers, alliances, and foreign policies of the countries participants of WWI and WWII are contrasted.

Similarities:

* Imperialism: For WWI, imperialism played a significant role in raising the friction between Britain, France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary. The colonial aims of these countries often ran counter to the other and thus conflicts, tensions at the very least, ensued. For example, the Boer War fought between Germany and Britain was a direct result of conflicting aims of the two countries in the region. Furthermore, the Morocco Crisis 1911 was a conflict between Germany and France again resulting due to conflicting colonial aims. The Balkan conflict between A-H and Russia as the

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