• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

China's socio-economic changes under Deng Xiaoping

Extracts from this document...


The socio economic changes under Deng Xiaoping Good afternoon Mr Bean and Students. Today China is recognised is one of the most influential countries in the world, one of the key factors for this influence is the incredibly strong economy which China enjoys. Today I will be looking at how influential the socio economic changes under Deng Xiaoping were to the socio economic position china now occupies. Of all the changes Deng made, the most germane would have to be the promotion of the "Four Modernisations". This is closely followed by his implementation of the Period of Readjustment of 1979-1981 and the ensuing Reform and Opening beginning in 1982. The Period of Readjustment, 1979-81 In 1978 the Chinese government declared their intentions to undertake a program of gradual but fundamental reform of the economic system in china. They concluded that the Maoist version of the centrally planned economy had failed to produce efficient economic growth and had caused China to fall far behind. In the late 1970s, China's citizens had to make do with barely sufficient food supplies, rationed clothing, inadequate housing, and a service sector that was inadequate and inefficient. The first few years of the reform program were designated the "period of readjustment," during which key imbalances in the economy were to be corrected and a foundation was to be laid for a well-planned modernization drive. ...read more.


Unlike earlier periods, when China was committed to trying to achieve self-sufficiency, under Deng Xiaoping foreign trade was regarded as an important source of investment funds and modern technology. As a result, restrictions on trade were loosened further in the mid-1980s, and foreign investment was legalized. The most conspicuous symbols of the new status of foreign trade were the four coastal special economic zones, which were created in 1979 as enclaves where foreign investment could receive special treatment. This investment helped the Chinese economy boom. In addition, the Chinese government established a series of joint ventures with foreign capital to establish companies in industries hitherto unknown in China. By 2001, China became a member of the World Trade Organization, which has boosted its overall trade in exports/imports-estimated at $851 billion in 2003-by an additional $170 billion a year. More significant for China's economic development was the designation in April 1984 of economic development zones in the fourteen largest coastal cities all of which were major commercial and industrial centres. Although the reform program achieved impressive successes, it also gave rise to several serious problems. One problem was the challenge to party authority presented by the principles of freemarket activity and professional managerial autonomy. ...read more.


I utilised this source several times throughout my speech as I like the word's strata and stratification. It seems to be a reliable source with a lot of relevant information however as usual I wrote my speech mostly off the top of my head with little reference to any facts. ? Lynch, M. (2008). Access to History: The People's Republic of China 1949-76. Arnold. * This source was actually of great interest, It was by far the most enjoyable of them to read and had a clear direction in terms of the message it wanted to convey. It contained some useful albeit questionable statistics. But once more as I draw closer to the wee hours of the morning this is due reliability goes out the window if it helps me justify what I just pulled out of my arse. ? Phillips MR, L. X. (2002). Suicide rates in China, 1995-99. Lancet. * This was a fascinating read that showed interesting trends and relationships within the culture of suicide in china. However it was not helpful to my argument in fact it would of hindered and as such was not used in my final presentation. The source itself appears to be valid and reliable. ? Ross, S. (1989). China Since 1945. Witness History. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Mao Zedong and the Education(TM)s changes in the People's Republic of China

    Obedience belonged to Mao and no one else. The youngsters were supported by Mao in the actions that they decide to take in order to destroy the Four Olds. For instance temples, shrines, works of art and ornamental gardens became obvious targets; many priceless and irreplaceable treasures of Chinese civilization were destroyed in this wave organised vandalism.

  2. Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the Communist party in China.

    To squash the rebellions, the Manchus appealed to a retired general; Yuan Shih-Kai. However, he did a deal with the revolutionaries, where if he got the child emperor Pu Yi to abdicate, he would become the first president of a republican China.

  1. Mao - his social and economic policies and his decline and re-establishment of power

    Mao was keen to change the nature of China's economic planning and development because the First Five Year Plan was Russian in inspiration and direction and Mao wanted to assert China's independence and do things his own way. 5.

  2. Mao and China Revision Guide

    The army grew more popular and more people started to join it; its number increased from 22000 in 1936 to 90000 in 1945. 2. To establish a relationship between the Party and the people. To establish a stable relationship between the Army and the people through the "Three Rules and Eight Points of Behavior" 3.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    areas excavated by Israel - Even King Hussein, who had been killing PLO members in 1970, announced at the Arab Conference in Rabat in October 1874 that the PLO represented Palestine - In 1974, Arafat was received at the UN as the head of state.

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    of the German people: awakening the pan-Germanic feeling among the citizens of the newly-incorporated territories. The unification of Germany was a long struggle between the two centres of Germanic culture ? Austria and Prussia. The Austro-Prussian war of 1866 signalled the end of this Kampf.

  1. To what extent were Deng Xiaopings Four Modernizations successful?

    It was not until the re-emergence of Deng Xiaoping in 1977 did China turn onto the path of recovery. Mao?s successor, Hua Guofeng, remained focused on industrialization and Deng continued with the Four Modernizations; agriculture, industry, technology, and science. Starting with agriculture, Deng reintroduced the capitalist idea of incentives.

  2. Notes on the history of Communist China

    31 - invade Manchuria 1. communists 1. initially communistss joined KMT 2. but Chiang and most of KMT were conservative 3. communists put on the run 4. nationalists control stretches to the wall - but Manchuria under a puppet ruler beholden to Japan 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work