• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold War and middle East

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rene' Barajas 04/24/08 Period 7 3. To what extent was the cold war a conflict between two irreconcilable ideologies? The Cold War was a conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations led by the United States in the 1940's up until 1990, the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It was a hotly contested period filled with conflict, tension, and competition. It was a team of fear, pride, and nationalism. American children were taught to hide under their desks in case of the "Big One." Children in the Soviet Union were taught to work hard and to value Mother Russia over everything. This time period could have resulted in disaster, even a WWIII, but it did not. The cold war was due largely in part to a conflict in irreconcilable ideologies, those of capitalism and communism. Capitalism was the belief in a free market, every man for himself. Communism was a stark contrast, every man is equal and they all work for the state. These conflicting ideologies were the basis for the mistrust, disdain, and competition that was the Cold War. ...read more.

Middle

It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio; fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. The events that initiated the cold war also show how these ideologies were ultimately incompatible with each other. By 1945, at the Yalta Conference, the Soviet Union obtained the Curzon Line as her new boundary line with Poland and also the control of the eastern zone of Germany. As the war was drawing to a close in May 1945, the Soviet Union quickly consolidated her control of Eastern Europe. The Red Army began by influencing the post-war elections. They intimidated the voters and changed the voting lists as they desired. President Roosevelt was friends with Stalin and believed he would keep the promises he made at Yalta to set up freely elected parliamentary governments. United States Policy changed when Roosevelt died and President Harry Truman took over. The new President was a complete contrast to Roosevelt. He did not believe the communists. He thought that the communists would not set up democratic governments in Eastern Europe. He also believed that after the Soviet Union had established her control in Eastern Europe, she would continue to extend her influence into Western Europe. ...read more.

Conclusion

Williams challenged the long-held assumptions of "orthodox" accounts, arguing that Americans had always been an empire-building people, even while American leaders denied it. According to Williams, U.S. policymakers shared an overarching concern with maintaining capitalism domestically. In order to achieve that objective, they pursued an "open door" policy abroad, aimed at increasing access to foreign markets for U.S. business and agriculture. From this perspective, a growing economy domestically went hand-in-hand with the consolidation of U.S. power internationally. Finally, there is the most recent "post-revisionist" view of the outbreak of the cold war. This view can be illustrated by Peter Calvocoressi in his popular book World Politics Since 1945. Calvocoressi believes that it was the conflict in ideologies between these two superpowers that led to this general disdain and mistrust. In conclusion, the cold war was caused largely due to the conflicting ideologies of Communist Russia and Capitalistic America. These disagreements led to arguments, which led to mistrust, and finally a great uneasy tension that almost boiled over into ultimate annihilation in the form of nuclear warfare. However, as historian Isaac Deutscher writes "It is useless to try to discover who made the first move to break the alliance. It is impossible to trace the first 'broken promise'." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. US and the Vietnam War

    casualties, and the exposure of U.S. involvement in war crimes, such as the massacre at My Lai, helped turn many in the United States against the Vietnam War." (Unsolved Mysteries) Public demonstrations were being held and seven million of the Americans protested on streets in 1968.

  2. Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

    Soviet leaders were convinced that communism would eventually spread throughout the world. Americans, on the other hand, believed the answer for world problems was the American way of living. As a result, from as early as 1917, there were hints of the hostility between the two countries.

  1. The Cold War

    Potsdam ended agreeably enough, however, since all controversial issues were still left open and unsettled, on the understanding that they would be dealt with by the Council of Foreign Ministers, which was to meet regularly from now on. [12] Another part of the early Cold War that focused on Germany was the division of Germany into four occupation zones.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    It was the onset of the Cold War which made the agreement of such a treaty impossible. In theory, the agreements at Yalta and Potsdam maintained that there must be eventually an all German government with which a treaty could be signed.

  1. History IA: What were American peoples responses to the Vietnam War in 1965 1971?

    Young B. Marilyn, The Vietnam Wars 1945-1990, Harper Perennial, 1991. Secondary: CNN, Series video Cold War, 2012 Neuman, Just, Crigler, 1992 http://www.solidarity-us.org/site/node/1681, Antiwar Activism and Emerging Feminism in the Late 1960s: The Times They Were A'Changing, ATC 85, March-April 2000.

  2. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and ...

    will probably be in position to carry out any policy he desires.?[12] The US? response to this challenge was enormous. On May 25th, 1961, John F Kennedy announced to a joint session of Congress that the United States would, before the end of the decade, land a man on the Moon and return him safely to Earth.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Israel pointed out that a large number of Jews had been expelled from Arab countries in the Middle East and northern Africa and migrated to Israel, so the Arab states had an obligation to take the refugees back. - It would only accept refugees back in return for peace treaties,

  2. I generally disagree that "the Six Day War shocked the Middle East and the ...

    After the 1948 War, which concluded based on armistice negotiations between February and July of 1949, a number of new stressors exacerbated the Arab-Israeli conflict.[6] First, due to the weakness shown by the Arabs leaders during the war, a period of instability followed in states such as Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work