• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

COLD WAR ESSAY

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ektha Hunjan Mr. Tomlinson History HL September 2008 How, and to what extent did the conference at Yalta and Potsdam (1945) contribute to the origin of the Cold War? Word Count: 2,008 The conflict between two political ideologies, capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the twentieth century. The belief that freedom and democracy would die under communist rule caused the United States to start a conflict that would last for decades. The decisions made by the United States during World War Two caused tensions to rise between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. The fear of Communism in capitalist nations, caused the United States government to use propaganda to raise Cold War concern. Furthermore, the American media influenced the attitudes of the American people, creating hatred to communism, and allowing it to spread though the nation. Thus, the United States caused the conflict known as the Cold War, through its political policy and propaganda. The political relations going on in Europe during and directly after World War II had an enormous effect on laying the foundation for the Cold War. Wartime conferences such as Yalta and Potsdam heartened the relationship between the communists and the capitalists. ...read more.

Middle

The bomb became Truman's most possessive possessions, Truman believed it would make Russia more manageable in Europe. A major disagreement arose, as Russia wanted to injure Germany while the USA wanted to rebuild it. Stalin wanted compensation for the destruction suffered by the USSR, and Truman opposed. Stalin would not agree to the idea of merging all the zones. The United States, France and Britain adamantly agreed that Germany would be disarmed, democratized, and denazified. Overall the west became more and more irritated and scared of Moscow. While in the east Stalin had manipulated and terrorized the birth of communism. He upset the west. Besides the Yalta and Postdam Conference other events contribute to the role in the origin of the Cold War. In 1917, Lenin introduced Communism to the USSR. This caused suspicion, fear to the western nations, and in return isolation to the USSR. The fear of loss of rights, freedom and wealth pondered the minds of Western nations. Between the 1920's and 1930's the USSR remained isolated from the rest of the world. In these two decades of fear, suspicion and tension from the capitalistic countries grew. In 1939, 'a common evil' the Nazi's brought the USSR, Britain, USA, and France together. They became an alliance with the determination to defeat the Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the three Western powers, continued on the idea of their new currency. On June 21, 1948 the new Deutsche Mark was introduced. The USSR still refused to honor the currency, Stalin felt that by introducing a new currency the USA and Britain had been trying to destabilize the eastern German economy. The new currency, Deutsche Mark and the Marshall Plan appeared to revitalize Germany against the wishes of the USSR. In response the Russians immediately, closed all railways, and roads between West Berlin and West Germany. "Their aim was to force the West to withdraw from West Berlin by reducing it to starvation point" (Lowe). The Russian had dealt with enough. The Western powers, decided to fly over supplies, with the assumption that the Russians would not shoot down the transported aid. This was a massive gamble. Although "Truman has sent a fleet of B-29 bombers to be positioned on British airfields." (Lowe) Over the next eleven months a total o 2 million tons of aid was airlifted to the blocked city. On May 1949 Stalin removed the blockade and communication was restored. As a result Stalin had lost major propaganda. Although this eased the cold war. It allowed the western powers to manage their defences by forming NATO. It created no visible compromise of Germany to reunite. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. US and the Vietnam War

    With these reasons, many historians concluded that, "the trail undeniably lay at the heart of the war." (Travel and History) In 1965, the Anti-War Movement in the United States was established. "The extended length of the war, the high number of U.S.

  2. Treaty Versailles Essay

    enemy and Georges Clemenceau vowed to cripple Germany militarily, politically and economically so invasion of France would never be possible.20 Not only did they want to punish Germany but to keep her weak.21 David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Britain supported reparations but to a lesser measure than the French.

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    SOCIAL ASPECT Before World War Two, Romania had a population of 18 million. Culturally, Romania's largest city and capital, Bucharest, was known as "The Paris of the East". The various cities were cultural centers, with sizeable populations of "boyars" or aristocrats.

  2. Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

    He did not listen to Molotov's explanations. Also the political situation on the globe was much more different than at Yalta, at the time eastern Europe had been liberated by the soviet union from Nazi control creating socialist governments on eastern Europe in favour of the USSR something the USA

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    This lead to the conception of the Truman doctrine, which in turn caused the USSR to react in a rather hostile manner. From here on the Cold War became a series of "instigation-reaction" events not specific to just America, and the USSR.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Possessed great personal charm but hated conflict. Stubborn, poorly organized, unwilling to make decisions, engage in political issues, or read political reports. 2. Pobedonostsev considered Nicholas to the capable of evaluating ?the importance of a fact only in isolation, without relation to the rest, without any link to the total of other facts, events, and tendencies.? 3.

  1. The Importance of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan in the Development of ...

    Another factor was the fear of their own economical downfall. If Europe turned Communist, it would not take long for the USA to be left without trading options and backed against the wall.

  2. To What Extent Did The Space Race Exacerbate Political Tensions Between The USA and ...

    countries in the West.[1] This greatly affected the USA?s perspective of the USSR, less as an ally, more of a threat. This was a prime example of the extent to which the USSR took its espionage, establishing a network of spies within Canadian territory, enabling them to exchange information with

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work