• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


Ektha Hunjan Mr. Tomlinson History HL September 2008 How, and to what extent did the conference at Yalta and Potsdam (1945) contribute to the origin of the Cold War? Word Count: 2,008 The conflict between two political ideologies, capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the twentieth century. The belief that freedom and democracy would die under communist rule caused the United States to start a conflict that would last for decades. The decisions made by the United States during World War Two caused tensions to rise between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. The fear of Communism in capitalist nations, caused the United States government to use propaganda to raise Cold War concern. Furthermore, the American media influenced the attitudes of the American people, creating hatred to communism, and allowing it to spread though the nation. Thus, the United States caused the conflict known as the Cold War, through its political policy and propaganda. The political relations going on in Europe during and directly after World War II had an enormous effect on laying the foundation for the Cold War. Wartime conferences such as Yalta and Potsdam heartened the relationship between the communists and the capitalists. ...read more.


The bomb became Truman's most possessive possessions, Truman believed it would make Russia more manageable in Europe. A major disagreement arose, as Russia wanted to injure Germany while the USA wanted to rebuild it. Stalin wanted compensation for the destruction suffered by the USSR, and Truman opposed. Stalin would not agree to the idea of merging all the zones. The United States, France and Britain adamantly agreed that Germany would be disarmed, democratized, and denazified. Overall the west became more and more irritated and scared of Moscow. While in the east Stalin had manipulated and terrorized the birth of communism. He upset the west. Besides the Yalta and Postdam Conference other events contribute to the role in the origin of the Cold War. In 1917, Lenin introduced Communism to the USSR. This caused suspicion, fear to the western nations, and in return isolation to the USSR. The fear of loss of rights, freedom and wealth pondered the minds of Western nations. Between the 1920's and 1930's the USSR remained isolated from the rest of the world. In these two decades of fear, suspicion and tension from the capitalistic countries grew. In 1939, 'a common evil' the Nazi's brought the USSR, Britain, USA, and France together. They became an alliance with the determination to defeat the Nazis. ...read more.


However, the three Western powers, continued on the idea of their new currency. On June 21, 1948 the new Deutsche Mark was introduced. The USSR still refused to honor the currency, Stalin felt that by introducing a new currency the USA and Britain had been trying to destabilize the eastern German economy. The new currency, Deutsche Mark and the Marshall Plan appeared to revitalize Germany against the wishes of the USSR. In response the Russians immediately, closed all railways, and roads between West Berlin and West Germany. "Their aim was to force the West to withdraw from West Berlin by reducing it to starvation point" (Lowe). The Russian had dealt with enough. The Western powers, decided to fly over supplies, with the assumption that the Russians would not shoot down the transported aid. This was a massive gamble. Although "Truman has sent a fleet of B-29 bombers to be positioned on British airfields." (Lowe) Over the next eleven months a total o 2 million tons of aid was airlifted to the blocked city. On May 1949 Stalin removed the blockade and communication was restored. As a result Stalin had lost major propaganda. Although this eased the cold war. It allowed the western powers to manage their defences by forming NATO. It created no visible compromise of Germany to reunite. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. US and the Vietnam War

    "The death and destruction appeared as irrational killing...mass loss of the public support the war." (McLaughlin) As the antiwar movement began to grow along with the increase of public critics, the war became unpopular in the US. Later on, this movement was spread to North Vietnam in which they all

  2. Treaty Versailles Essay

    It was clear that if the demands made by France were met, France could become the most powerful force on the continent.22 The United States took a more disarming view towards the issue of German reparations. Woodrow Wilson wanted to ensure that the benefit of future trading opportunities were secured

  1. Egyptian Influence Extended Essay

    since the belts had "Cowrie Shells" that represented the wanting of children. This belt would have amulets attached to it, including fish to prevent drowning, beards or hair locks made of gold to represent youth, and Heh, the god of "millions of years" to symbolize long life, and had beads of carnelian, amethyst, lapis lazuli, and turquoise.

  2. To what extent was President Lyndon B. Johnson responsible for the escalation of the ...

    Mark Taylor, "The Vietnam War in history, literature and film", British Association for American Studies, 2003 - DeGroot, Gerard J., A Noble Cause? : America and the Vietnam War, London: Longman, 2000 - Robert D. Schulzinger, "A Time for War: The United Stated and Vietnam, 1941-1975", New York, Oxford University Press, 1998 - Arthur M.

  1. American Response to the Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Albert Einstein, the creator of the Special Theory of Relativity, also disagreed, saying he felt confident that President Roosevelt would have forbidden the bombings of Japan had he been alive. " I made one great mistake in my life, when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Hans Rogger ?Nicholas knew nothing of the world of men.? 4. Not prepared to be Tsar, wrote in his diary ?I am not prepared to be the Tsar. I never wanted to become one. I know nothing of the business of ruling.? 5.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    ultimately begun after the Soviets gave a false intelligence report to Egypt that Israeli troops were massing against Syria as they wanted to weaken America's influence in the Middle East, and believed this was the time as America was otherwise occupied with Vietnam.

  2. Extended Essay History: How did the US media reporting of the Vietnam War out ...

    events in their reporting on the Vietnam War was due to the general lack of experience that US field reporters in Vietnam and US reporters in the US had with respect to warfare. General ________________ Westmoreland suggests this when he said that "Fifty-one percent [of all reporters] were twenty-nine" (Hammond 1).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work