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COLD WAR ESSAY

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Introduction

Ektha Hunjan Mr. Tomlinson History HL September 2008 How, and to what extent did the conference at Yalta and Potsdam (1945) contribute to the origin of the Cold War? Word Count: 2,008 The conflict between two political ideologies, capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the twentieth century. The belief that freedom and democracy would die under communist rule caused the United States to start a conflict that would last for decades. The decisions made by the United States during World War Two caused tensions to rise between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. The fear of Communism in capitalist nations, caused the United States government to use propaganda to raise Cold War concern. Furthermore, the American media influenced the attitudes of the American people, creating hatred to communism, and allowing it to spread though the nation. Thus, the United States caused the conflict known as the Cold War, through its political policy and propaganda. The political relations going on in Europe during and directly after World War II had an enormous effect on laying the foundation for the Cold War. Wartime conferences such as Yalta and Potsdam heartened the relationship between the communists and the capitalists. ...read more.

Middle

The bomb became Truman's most possessive possessions, Truman believed it would make Russia more manageable in Europe. A major disagreement arose, as Russia wanted to injure Germany while the USA wanted to rebuild it. Stalin wanted compensation for the destruction suffered by the USSR, and Truman opposed. Stalin would not agree to the idea of merging all the zones. The United States, France and Britain adamantly agreed that Germany would be disarmed, democratized, and denazified. Overall the west became more and more irritated and scared of Moscow. While in the east Stalin had manipulated and terrorized the birth of communism. He upset the west. Besides the Yalta and Postdam Conference other events contribute to the role in the origin of the Cold War. In 1917, Lenin introduced Communism to the USSR. This caused suspicion, fear to the western nations, and in return isolation to the USSR. The fear of loss of rights, freedom and wealth pondered the minds of Western nations. Between the 1920's and 1930's the USSR remained isolated from the rest of the world. In these two decades of fear, suspicion and tension from the capitalistic countries grew. In 1939, 'a common evil' the Nazi's brought the USSR, Britain, USA, and France together. They became an alliance with the determination to defeat the Nazis. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the three Western powers, continued on the idea of their new currency. On June 21, 1948 the new Deutsche Mark was introduced. The USSR still refused to honor the currency, Stalin felt that by introducing a new currency the USA and Britain had been trying to destabilize the eastern German economy. The new currency, Deutsche Mark and the Marshall Plan appeared to revitalize Germany against the wishes of the USSR. In response the Russians immediately, closed all railways, and roads between West Berlin and West Germany. "Their aim was to force the West to withdraw from West Berlin by reducing it to starvation point" (Lowe). The Russian had dealt with enough. The Western powers, decided to fly over supplies, with the assumption that the Russians would not shoot down the transported aid. This was a massive gamble. Although "Truman has sent a fleet of B-29 bombers to be positioned on British airfields." (Lowe) Over the next eleven months a total o 2 million tons of aid was airlifted to the blocked city. On May 1949 Stalin removed the blockade and communication was restored. As a result Stalin had lost major propaganda. Although this eased the cold war. It allowed the western powers to manage their defences by forming NATO. It created no visible compromise of Germany to reunite. ...read more.

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