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Cold War Timeline (in English and Spanish)

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Introduction

Cold War Timeline 1945 Derrotan a Alemania y Japón 4-11 de Febrero: Yalta Conference meeting of FDR, Churchill, Stalin - the 'Big Three' Soviet Union has control of Eastern Europe. The Cold War Begins Mayo 8: VE Day - Victory in Europe. Alemania se rinde ante el Ejército Rojo en Berlín Julio: Potsdam Conference - Germany was officially partitioned into four zones of occupation. Agosto 6: The United States drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima (20 kiloton bomb 'Little Boy' kills 80,000) Agosto 8: Rusia le delcara la Guerra a Japón Agosto 9: Los Estados Unidos arrojan bomba atómica en Nagasaki (22 kiloton 'Fat Man' mata a 70,000) Agosto 14 : Los japoneses se rinden; Fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial Agosto 15: Emperor surrender broadcast - VJ Day 1946 Febrero 9: Stalin hostile speech – El comunismo y el capitalism eran incompatibles Marzo 5: "Sinews of Peace" Iron Curtain Speech by Winston Churchill - "an "iron curtain" has descended on Europe" Marzo 10 – Truman pide a Rusia que abandone a Irán. ...read more.

Middle

March : KGB established CIA helps overthrow unfriendly regimes in Iran and Guatemala July : Vietnam split at 17th parallel 1955 May : Warsaw Pact formed 1956 June 29: USSR sent tanks into Poznan, Poland, to suppress demonstrations by workers September 4: USSR sent military aid to Afghanistan October - November: Rebellion put down in Communist Hungary. October 29: Suez Crisis began with Israeli attack led by Moshe Dayan against Egyptian forces in the Sinai Egypt took control of Suez Canal 1957 August 26: Vostok rocket launched 1st ICBM October 4 : Sputnik launched into orbit November 3: Sputnik II launched - Laika died in space 1958 January 31: Explorer I launched July : NASA began Mercury project using Atlas rocket November : Khrushchev demands withdrawal of troops from Berlin 1959 January : Cuba taken over by Fidel Castro September : Khrushchev visits United States; The Kitchen Debate 1960 A-bombs developed by France May : Soviet Union reveals that U.S. spy plane was shot down over Soviet territory November : John F. ...read more.

Conclusion

1979 January: U.S. and China establish diplomatic relations. July : SALT II signed November : Shah of Iran overthrown; Iranian Hostage Crisis December: Soviet forces invade Afghanistan 1980 August: Polish shipyard workers strike Solidarity Union formed. Strike leader Lech Walesa is elected as the head of Solidarity 1983 President Reagan proposes Strategic Defence Initiative October : U.S. troops invades and overthrows regime in Grenada 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes leader of the Soviet Union initiating a campaign of openness called "glasnost" and restructuring called "perestroika" 1986 October : President Reagan and Gorbachev resolve to remove all intermediate nuclear missiles from Europe 1987 October : Reagan and Gorbachev agree to remove all medium and short-range nuclear missiles 1989 Enero: Las tropas soviéticas se retiran de Afganistán. Junio: Polonia se independiza. Septiembre: Hungría se independiza. Noviembre: Derrumban en Muro de Berlín y Alemania del Este es permitida a viajar a Alemania Occidental. Deciembre: El gobierno comunista cae en Checoslovaquia, Bulgaria y Rumania. El imperio soviético comienza a caer. 1990 Marzo : Lituania se hace independiente. Mayo 29: Boris Yeltsin es elegido presidente de Rusia. Octubre 3: Alemania se re-unifica 1991 Agosto: Desaparece la URSS y termina la Guera Fría. ...read more.

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