• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold war

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Luke Rogers 5-1-00 "Why have historians found it difficult to reach agreement in assessing responsibility for the Cold War?" The Cold War is a product of the combined folly of both the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. However, historians have seen both sides making mistakes, acting aggressively, and pushing one and other to make further mistakes throughout the years. Furthermore, it is human nature to wish to assign blame to one side or the other. Meanwhile, it has been difficult to tell what one side has been doing as neither the US or the USSR has wished to point out the other side what they had been doing. Of course, no issue in recent history has sparked quite so much discussion in historical circles. Assessing not only the blame but also the damage caused by the Cold War has given rise to many a book and historians have often argued quite aggressively for either side. Nevertheless, historians such as Thomas A. Bailey have argued that the US was reacting to Soviet expansionism and attempting to stem the tide of Soviet aggression. ...read more.

Middle

the Soviets couldn't accept the aid for fear that in checking on where the aid went, the US would discover the amount of devastation, which had befallen the Soviets. The Soviets could hardly be charged with coming up with and maintaining an aggressive policy when it was all they could do keep their country together. Furthermore, the Soviets attempted time and time again to reach for shielding form the economic might of the US only to discover the Americans fighting them back. In the Yalta Peace Conference, Stalin agreed to hold free elections in Poland, a promise, which he didn't keep. Similarly, in Iran, the Soviets were supposed to withdraw their troops on March 2, 1946, but didn't. This time, however, Harry Truman wouldn't give the country up as he had with Poland, and pressured the Soviets to withdraw their troops under the threat of US military and economic might, as well as their ever-present atomic bomb. In May of 1946, the Soviets withdrew, and the US signed a 25- year friendship with Iran as well as began to trade arms with them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Soviets were entirely too defeated by the Second World War to bring about an aggressive policy of expansion and were blinded by their wounds to the true intentions of the allied powers. The US, on the other hand, had their own reasons for their actions. While Harry Truman was restricted by the American System of Government and public opinion, it was still by far and away the Americans who were in the driver's seat in the Cold War. Nevertheless, they were still blameless for the simple follies they made in watching Soviet policy. The Americans saw a Red boogey man in every corner while they felt that they had tried to be as civil as possible to the Soviets. They had helped to defeat the enemy, which had injured the Soviets (through Truman couldn't have imagined quite how injured), they had offered aid to the Soviets and the Eastern European countries, and they had tried to extend a hand of friendship despite highly to undermine their government and very way of life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    The air test-ban treaty puts stricter stipulations on nuclear testing, even though production continued. Besides the Cuban Missile Crisis did not create a Cold War, it created a "Hot War". Therefore with an actual confrontation of two superpowers, it created a confrontation neither wanted to repeat.

  2. Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

    the USA could be blamed for increasing the tension between the two superpowers. The agreements included dissolving and excluding the Nazi party from all of Germany, a term on which both agreed.

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    America would favor a pro- Western and Capitalist government. The distrust on both sides meant that in practice, the system of military occupation in four zones continued indefinitely. The allied powers were obviously highly suspicious of the German - Nazi past; Germany could not be trusted.

  2. The Impact of the Manhattan Project on the Cold War

    Fears that Nazi Germany would build and use a nuclear weapon during World War II triggered the start of the Manhattan Project, which was originally based in Manhattan, New York. The project got its name from the district that it was in, known as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED).

  1. Who was responsible for the Cold War?

    This very speech led to George Kennan's 'Long Telegram' which in turn led to the creation of 'Containment Policy', a policy which Orthodox historians defend as an effort by the West to preserve 'freedom' worldwide, that it was merely a form of protection against Soviet antagonism.

  2. Assess the reasons affecting the end of the Cold War.

    Reagan produced a defensive arms race which the Soviet Union could not keep up with. The likes of Star Wars aka the Strategic defense initiative, started in 1983 by Ronald Reagan and a huge increase in US defense spending (167 billion dollars (July 1980)

  1. To what extent was the advent of the Cold War an outcome of Stalin(TM)s ...

    by Stalin's refusal to "come to terms" with the West's war policies, was detectable. In 1941, when the Allies faced mounting difficulties fighting against the Germans, Stalin, started his territorial demanding in Eastern Europe. During his meeting with the British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in December 1941, Stalin, despite his

  2. What were the intentions of President Harry S. Truman and General Douglas MacArthur regarding ...

    that the was waged simply to assist in becoming an independent and democratic nation. However, the young generation in Korea, Bruce Cumings, John W. Spanier and many other historians maintain that Truman helped to contain communism and did not protect Koreans and that MacArthur fought simply to obtain fame as a war hero, both men acting in self-interest.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work