• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold war

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Luke Rogers 5-1-00 "Why have historians found it difficult to reach agreement in assessing responsibility for the Cold War?" The Cold War is a product of the combined folly of both the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. However, historians have seen both sides making mistakes, acting aggressively, and pushing one and other to make further mistakes throughout the years. Furthermore, it is human nature to wish to assign blame to one side or the other. Meanwhile, it has been difficult to tell what one side has been doing as neither the US or the USSR has wished to point out the other side what they had been doing. Of course, no issue in recent history has sparked quite so much discussion in historical circles. Assessing not only the blame but also the damage caused by the Cold War has given rise to many a book and historians have often argued quite aggressively for either side. Nevertheless, historians such as Thomas A. Bailey have argued that the US was reacting to Soviet expansionism and attempting to stem the tide of Soviet aggression. ...read more.

Middle

the Soviets couldn't accept the aid for fear that in checking on where the aid went, the US would discover the amount of devastation, which had befallen the Soviets. The Soviets could hardly be charged with coming up with and maintaining an aggressive policy when it was all they could do keep their country together. Furthermore, the Soviets attempted time and time again to reach for shielding form the economic might of the US only to discover the Americans fighting them back. In the Yalta Peace Conference, Stalin agreed to hold free elections in Poland, a promise, which he didn't keep. Similarly, in Iran, the Soviets were supposed to withdraw their troops on March 2, 1946, but didn't. This time, however, Harry Truman wouldn't give the country up as he had with Poland, and pressured the Soviets to withdraw their troops under the threat of US military and economic might, as well as their ever-present atomic bomb. In May of 1946, the Soviets withdrew, and the US signed a 25- year friendship with Iran as well as began to trade arms with them. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Soviets were entirely too defeated by the Second World War to bring about an aggressive policy of expansion and were blinded by their wounds to the true intentions of the allied powers. The US, on the other hand, had their own reasons for their actions. While Harry Truman was restricted by the American System of Government and public opinion, it was still by far and away the Americans who were in the driver's seat in the Cold War. Nevertheless, they were still blameless for the simple follies they made in watching Soviet policy. The Americans saw a Red boogey man in every corner while they felt that they had tried to be as civil as possible to the Soviets. They had helped to defeat the enemy, which had injured the Soviets (through Truman couldn't have imagined quite how injured), they had offered aid to the Soviets and the Eastern European countries, and they had tried to extend a hand of friendship despite highly to undermine their government and very way of life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    territory of the Soviet Union or from the territory of Turkey's other neighboring states. The United States Government will make a similar statement within the framework of the Security Council regarding Cuba. It will declare that the United States will respect the inviolability of Cuba's borders and its sovereignty, will

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    Their fear was that Communist control would extend to Western Germany and Western Europe. The Communist parties poled huge votes in elections in France and Italy Containment and the Truman Doctrine 1) George Kennan and the Long Telegram; February 22 1946 - A telegram sent from Moscow to Washington from

  1. Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

    In terms of economic systems, the United States with capitalism, had a economic system with liberal policies which believed in free trade and no government intervention in the market, while the Soviet Union being a communist state had government intervention in all areas of the market, rationing and no private capital allowed being all owned and managed by the state.

  2. Did Truman really save 500,000 American live through dropping the Hiroshima atomic bomb?

    Already in June 1st the Interim Committee had recommended Truman to use the bomb22, 5 days after the testing, Truman finally gave consensus, and on August 6th 1945 the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima23. Approximately 80,000 people died immediately, with another 70,000 injured24.

  1. Who was responsible for the Cold War?

    This very speech led to George Kennan's 'Long Telegram' which in turn led to the creation of 'Containment Policy', a policy which Orthodox historians defend as an effort by the West to preserve 'freedom' worldwide, that it was merely a form of protection against Soviet antagonism.

  2. What were the intentions of President Harry S. Truman and General Douglas MacArthur regarding ...

    Korean War to understand its consequences, namely, the intentions of President Harry S. Truman and General Douglas MacArthur. There is ongoing debate regarding the intentions of Truman and MacArthur during the Korean War. The veterans of the Korean War in South Korea, General MacArthur, General Ridgway and other historians argue

  1. The Impact of the Manhattan Project on the Cold War

    The investigatory work done in this paper is to determine the effect of this incredible, absolutely horrifying achievement on the Cold War. This will be carried out by analyzing the causes of the events that followed the Manhattan Project, and how important they were in history.

  2. To what extent was the advent of the Cold War an outcome of Stalin(TM)s ...

    as it was agreed upon by the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, the West's top enemy, the pact also intensified the latent hostility between Russia and the West. Settling the division between Russia and Germany of Poland and allowing Germany to knock France out of the war and British army

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work