• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast Hitler's and Stalin's roads to power.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast Hitler's and Stalin's roads to power. First and foremost, the inter-war years 1919-1939 were a period of dictators in Europe. Many historians consider tyrants - Hitler and Stalin - and their ideologies to be quite similar. These two despots were the most famous and probably the most bloody dictators in this period. No wonder these two are compared to one another. In addition, the scheme of taking power by any autocrat seems to be very simple: dissatisfaction from contemporary rules or death of the leader and skilful takeover by a person with some horrific vision of the future. But historic events are never as simple as that. Now, arises the interesting question if Hitler's and Stalin's roads to power were similar or different or maybe both options are true to same extent. Nevertheless, Hitler tried twice to gain power in a period 1923-1934 while Stalin only once in years 1924-1929. Firstly, similarities in consolidating oppressor's position will be discussed. ...read more.

Middle

and were not prepared to compromise and left beyond personal intrigues. What is more, left wing was divided itself - Zinoviev with Kamenev argued with Trotsky and KPD considered SPD as its main enemy. Besides in the Weimar Republic workers were weakened by unemployment and could not afford to strike against the Nazis. Moreover, there were almost no supporters of democracy and liberalism thanks to long authoritarian tradition. It might also be mentioned that in both countries Hitler and Stalin were underestimated. Austrian corporal was expected to be a puppet in the hands of the Right who would not last long, especially that there were only three Nazis in the government. Nobody remembered that he managed to bring party members together after the failure of the M´┐Żnich Putsch and breaking the law in the Night of the Long Knives did not open the eyes of ordinary Germans. In the same way, 'Tovarishch Kartotekov' was considered as 'the grey blur', mediocre intellectual who is not able to win the contest for power. ...read more.

Conclusion

To sum up, both autocrats had the same aim - creating an image of themselves - using propaganda machine. Similarly, these tyrants appealed to the complaints and needs of majorities. In addition, Hitler had total control over his party, likewise Stalin. What is more, both despots made concessions and alliances. These dictators were respected, especially that they used terror and intimidation. Furthermore, they faced divided, weak and not having power to pose real threat opposition. Above all, their opponents - Kamenev, Zinoviev, Trotsky, Papen and others - underestimated these future tyrants and respected legal actions although they led to gaining power by Stalin or Hitler. However, on the contrary to Stalin, Hitler two times tried to gain power in the Weimar Republic and made people join a huge range of different organisations for everybody. Equally important is the fact that Hitler did not have strong position in the government and he had to act very carefully in order to become all-powerful leader of Germany. Taking everything into account, Hitler's and Stalin's roads to power are quite analogous and differences between these routes are caused by circumstances in which these two found themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Compare and Contrast the rise to power of Hitler and Lenin

    Hitler won support on a programme of job creation, which he sincerely implemented (partly by removing the Jewish placeholders); Lenin promised all land to the peasants, which was the opposite of his real intentions. Hitler took care to have the owners of the means of production and exchange (Thyssen, Krupp et al.)

  2. Can the period between 1924-1929 really be called the Golden period for the Weimar ...

    put pressure on the west to support Germany with the threat of getting close to the Soviet Union. Furthermore, the Treaty of Berlin allowed Germany to receive armaments in exchange for providing economic expertise to the USSR. With international relations improving, internally the Weimar Republic was gaining support as well.

  1. In order to achieve and retain power a leader of a single-party state needed ...

    kill members of the party. o He justified their execution by fake trails that were held before their death and forced confessions were extracted from the victims indicating that they were leading a scheme against Stalin and the party. * During the Great Purge, Stalin had the NKVD also kill

  2. USSR under Stalin

    lawfully but at the same time behind their backs to send the secret police. Source D is an extract from the 1933 diary of Tikon Puzanov who was a young peasant supporter of collectivisation.

  1. Bolsheviks In Power

    In addition, when Lenin became the leader, his country had to deal and face with two wars: the World War 1 and the Russian Civil War. In order to mitigate the problems in Russia, Lenin signed the Treaty of Brest Litovsk in March 1918.

  2. How similar were Hitler and Stalin ?

    Propaganda was a way for them to further their ideas and so to gain the backing of the people in their countries. Hitler was a man who did many speeches. He has also been described as the world?s greatest propagandist, saying that he was nearly able to brainwash people with his words.

  1. Which of indoctrination and repression proved most effective for consolidating Hitler's power (1933-1939)?

    by 1933. Thus the Nazi were forced to make a move so that most of the household could afford it. That’s how mass production of cheap radio rapidly increased. Progressively most of the households started to acquire radios and by 1939 over 70 percent of them (16 million) possessed (Volksempfänger)

  2. Peron's Consolidation of Power

    disposal, newspaper size was limited to a certain number of printed pages, and distribution was hindered. At the same time, Perón and his party used the chain of newspapers they owned to disseminate propaganda in quantity. Papers such as La Razón, Critica, El Mundo, and Democracia, as well as various

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work