• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast Mussolini's and Hitler's rise to power

Extracts from this document...


Compare and contrast Mussolini's and Hitler's rise to power 1493 words From the beginning of German and Italian fascism, the methods employed by Hitler and Mussolini to acquire power have been highly comparable. These methods include the political stance of the leaders, the support of Military associations, the use of paramilitary wings, social and political coercion, firm communist opposition, the support and control of the church and the employment of propaganda. The political stance of Hitler and Mussolini was used be each to acquire power in Germany and Italy respectively. Politically, Hitler and Mussolini each wanted more land and their country to be recognized as a European power - sentiments that would be the driving force behind their acquisition of power. During WWI, unskilled upper-class military leaders were blamed for the high casualties of war and as a result, the military experience of Hitler and Mussolini later made them desirable as political leaders. Thompson relates that the 'third way' offered by both leaders assisted their acquisition of power in the face of incompetent Liberal governments and the threat of Socialist revolution. ...read more.


Militarily, the authoritative control demonstrated by fascist military wings in both countries gave the illusion of stability and purpose to countries and peoples devastated by WWI and Versailles. Hitler and Mussolini alike encouraged nationalism and pride, merging these concepts with fascism. Broszat relates that in Germany an interest in cultural music was nurtured and Nazi flags were raised in every town. The values of family and patriotism were exaggerated - a clear example of this was seen in the Corfu incident. According to Lee, Mussolini used the murder of an Italian general on the Greek island of Corfu, to manipulate the emotions of the Italian public thereby gaining votes for his party. Mussolini's demands for apology and recompense were seen as bold, strong and fiercely nationalistic, and he was viewed as a hero. Unlike Hitler, however, Mussolini did not use coercion to create anti-semitic and anti-communist attitudes to the extent that the Nazi's did. Mason describes the Burning of the Reichstag, and relates that Hitler used this incident to manipulate political and public opinion against socialism. While the communist party was a major political party in both Germany and Italy, a vast majority of the populations (particularly the middle and upper classes) ...read more.


The adoption of the names 'Fuhrer' and 'Il Duce' for Hitler and Mussolini were also indicative of personality cults. According to Lee, the highly nationalistic opinions encouraged by both leaders found expression in common demonstrations such as military rallies, balcony speeches, roman salutes and the apparent rebirth of traditional culture and music. Boszat explains that, unlike Mussolini, Hitler used highly anti-semitic propaganda to unite the nation against common enemies, thereby gaining power from a united Nazi front. Another propaganda method used by Hitler andMussolini was the way both leaders were 'detached' from the doings of their military units. Whitlam relates that Mussolini's arrest of Dumini during the Matteoti Crisis, acquitted him of blame, and Mommson describes the Night of the Long Knives when Rohm, the leader of the S.A., was murdered, detaching Hitler from S.A. violence. This caused the public to believe that the wrongs of the Fascist party could not be blamed on its leader, giving Hitler and Mussolini power over the minds of the people. The methods Hitler and Mussolini employed in acquiring power were both similar and contrasting, these comparisons being clearly seen in their political stance, the nature of army associations, the utilization of fascist militia groups, coercion of political and public opinions, communist opposition, exploitation of religious support and the methods of propaganda. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The rise of Hitler and the Nazi party

    However, a large amount of success was achieved during his trial in Munich, where Hitler voice his ideas and promoted the Nazi party before a mass of reporters, earning support and praise from those present.

  2. Analyse the factors that led to the rise of the Communist party in China.

    The armies were permitted to loot the countryside. Even the warlords who were allied with him never fully recognized his authority. His position during the Japanese invasion certainly did nothing to increase his popularity, and added to the popularity of the communists. The communists took advantage of all this.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Everywhere in central Italy, the popular mood was unmistakeable. The former rulers were not acceptable and the call was for union with Piedmont. This was the situation when Cavour returned to power in January 1860. � Fortunately for Cavour, Napoleon III was now ready to accept Piedmontese expansion in central Italy, provided Savoy and Nice was ceded to France.

  2. Stalin's rise to power, his policies and how he consolidated his grip on power.

    * He had a profoundly Western attitude, but after Lenin's death, few Bolshevik leaders had any Western experience and were therefore more sympathetic towards Stalin's pro-Slavic line. * Trotsky was seen as an intruder as he had previously been sympathetic towards the Mensheviks and did not join the Bolsheviks until 1917.

  1. Castro's rise to power

    own economic and cultural interests without foreign intervention were fundamental to the rebels. It was thanks to this that people in Cuba started regarding Castro as their possible leader. In addition, Castro's ability to build up a movement that found effective tactics to topple Batista's regime can also be regarded

  2. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    Peasants were the most numerous group . The vast majority of them were free, but bound by various, archaic duties towards their lords and the state. They weren't privileged. They had to pay a taille - it was a tax imposed (narzucona) on each household and based on how much land the household held.

  1. Evaluate the factors that enabled Mussolini to rise to power.

    A Key factor that enabled the Fascists to rise to power was Mussolini?s charismatic personality and his way of handling events and his ability to detect and use possibilities. First, Mussolini was a calculative demagogue who was due to his previous experience as a journalist a perfect orator who could

  2. Assess the methods and conditions which enabled Hitler to rise to power.

    I saw that his magnetism was holding these thousand ones.? This is to show how the German population was drawn by Hitler's charisma, his remarkable will power and tremendous energy. Hitler's use of propaganda, intimidation and political skills, vastly contributed to his rise to power.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work