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Compare and contrast the differences in the treatment of indigenous people in the British and Spanish colonies.

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In my presentation I'm going to compare and contrast the differences in the treatment of indigenous people in the British and Spanish colonies. (click) First are goals and motives on why they wanted to find and conquer new lands. For Spanish, it was late 1400's and they had just unified Spain and won the war against the Muslims. During peace time, the Spanish did not have much to do so they want expand Spain's power and control, spread Christianity and find gold, trade routes, and new land. The Spaniards wanted to find as much gold and profitable resources as they can so they will be rich and the mother country would award them high social status and titles. The Spaniard's biggest goal besides the getting all the gold and glory was the conversion of the natives from their Indian religion to Christianity. (click) While on one hand, the Spanish was trying very hard to convert the natives and explore new land, the British had some close, but different goals. They did not care weather or not the natives convert to Christianity, they went to explore new land for their own selfish goals. They wanted to settle in the new world, create their communities, find gold, and gain power. ...read more.


He sent it to King Philip II of Spain. This convinced King Phillip II of Spain to create the New Laws of the Indies. It was a set of guidelines signed by the King to instruct Spanish colonists on how to create and expand towns in Spanish America and that the colonists needed to treat the natives better and increase the preservation of the Indians. So in the end, there was a place for the natives in society even though it was like the lost part of society, they at least had a place. Lots better than the British. (click) For the British, it was consistent throughout. The British treated the natives like savages and slaves. All the British wanted to do was to find gold and be rich. They destroyed hunting and burial grounds, destroyed native cultures, and stole land. They excluded the Indians because they found no use for the Indians. There was not really anyone fighting for the rights of the natives except the natives themselves. One major war between the Indians and the colonists was King Phillip's war in 1675. King Philip's War was one of the bloodiest and most costly in the history of America. ...read more.


It's just the difference between were people lived. Also, British's past experience with Ireland put them in the mind set that the natives they found at different places were the same as the Irish people they found on Ireland. The British did not like the Irish because according to historian Takaki, "the Irish were viewed as savages people living outside of civilization. To the colonists the Irish lacked Knowledge of God or good manners." (click) Family status also had a large impact on the way people treated the natives. In the Spanish society, it is usually men that traveled to the new world so in order to create families, the Spanish men married the Indian women and had kids. This created a new class called the mestizo. The Spanish had to treat the natives nicer because they are marrying the natives and living with the natives. On the other hand, with the British, not only did males came to the new world, females and children came to the new world. Since they came in families, they did not need to create a new class of people with the Indians. In both the Spanish and British, they had used natives for slaves in order to make economic gains. There were new crops and spices people want to get and the only way to get CINDY CHENG ...read more.

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