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Compare the Indus valley civilization with the Aryan/Vedic civilization

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Compare the Indus valley civilization with the Aryan/Vedic civilization The two greatest civilizations of Indian history are the Indus valley civilization and the Aryan civilization. Most textbooks talk about how the Indus valley civilization appeared like a meteor on ancient India's skyscape, shone brilliantly for a while and then declined either due to the looting Aryans or sudden floods. The civilization formed around 4000 B.C and declined around 1600 B.C. It was in full bloom it really flourished around 2500 B.C. The Indus valley civilization is divided into six stages; It started of with beginnings of village and farming communities, then developed farming and pastoral communities. Then came the agricultural surplus societies, urbanization. Then it took a big leap, advanced town planning and scripts emerged. ...read more.


But by studying them cautiously, the historians have figured out a lot about the Aryans. The Archaeological Survey of India has been analytically excavating an Indus site known as Dholavira on the salty marshes of the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat for the past six years. In Dholavira they display a surprising exuberance that expresses itself in elaborate stone gateways with rounded columns apart from giant reservoirs for water." Exploring Dholavira is like opening a complete book on the Indus" said one of the Archaeologists. The Aryans did not come to invade India, not like people who wanted to defeat, kill, plunder and then go back to their homelands. They came to India to stay, and they arrived with their whole families, their wives as well as their children and their cattle and goods. ...read more.


The Aryans had a vague sense of Sanskrit but the languages they developed were pali and prakrit. The Indus people appeared to have shunned personality cults. It is almost a faceless culture with no glorification of individual rulers and no royal tombs. On the other hand, kingship existed in the Aryan civilization. There was ceaseless fighting and the Aryan tribes gradually settled in Punjab. The early Aryan kings did not live in castles or own large estates. They did not collect taxes from people and nor did they have any rights over the land. They kings power was kept in check by two assemblies the Sabha and the Samiti. In conclusion, I think the Indus valley civilization was much better then the Aryan civilization because it was much simpler and less complicated. People lived a very simple and happy life and there was no glorification of individual rulers. ...read more.

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