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Comparing Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

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Introduction

´╗┐Tulin Ancient Egypt vs Ancient Greece. Looking back at the past it is no doubt that Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece were really great. They were building their civilizations peace by peace trough centuries. Therefore, each of them had their own culture, religion, architecture and other life foundations. Although, the differences between them are so obvious; there are many reasons to believe that there are several similarities can be seen between Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece in some aspects of people?s life. Basically Egyptian civilization was the first which created makings of religion and gods; later newcomer civilizations started to borrow some sort of things which led to confusion of cultures even in religion. So did Greek. However, both of civilizations paid much attention for the gods and life after death which concluded in creation of temples and the worship to the gods; this is the instance of the first similarity. Majority of Ancient Egyptians believed that death is just beginning of new life out of earthly guises; they believed that was something more than life on earth. Moreover, they believed that after death they will meet with Osiris (the Egyptian god of re-birth) who will decide their future fate (?Egyptian civilization?). There were certain aspects that were attributed to a human: ?the attributes of the physical body, the shadow, the name, the spirit (Ka), the personality, spirit or soul (Ba), and immortality or eternity (Akh) ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand, the temples had different structure and appearance but they served the same purposes (for worship, immolation, praying, etc.).This suggests that the religion aspect and way of worship between Egyptians and Greeks were almost the same. Another interesting fact is that both of civilizations were trying to give the soul to their structures and buildings; they wore trying to put them in harmony with nature and each other by using special design techniques; it could be the reason of second similarity between Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece. Much of Egyptian architecture, including the pyramids, temples and the houses were based on strict rules of mathematics and geography. They used mathematics to construct the buildings in very symmetrical way. It has been noted that the numbers pi and phi have been greatly incorporated in the building and design of Ancient Egyptian architecture such as Great Pyramids of Khufu and Giza. Researchers have noted that dividing the perimeter of the houses made by Ancient Egyptians by their height gives a close approximation to 2pi, which is the same result one would get if one were to divide the circumference of a circle by its radius (?Pi and the Grate Pyramids?). The evidences suggest that maybe the ancient Egyptians were trying to emulate the spherical nature of the Earth by presenting this relation. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the houses in Athens, people used to have delightful little gardens with running fountains. The inmates of that home heard these very fountains splash their refreshing waters among the flowers (?Ancient Gardens of Greece?). This is again consistent with the Greeks religion and how the use of gardens and fountains in dwellings worked to create harmony for the residents. As demonstrated above this architectonic aspect of peoples life were different between Ancient Egyptians and Ancient Greeks. However, there are many reasons to believe that their way of design and constructing techniques were used them for the same purposes. They wanted to show their respect to gods and to the mother Earth trough using of landscaping. Moreover, people from both sides wanted to live in a harmony with nature, with god and with themselves. Therefore they were carefully using environment because of the religion and they believed that it helps to improve relationship between them and forces of nature. In conclusion, there exist many examples which could prove that ancient civilizations of Egypt and Greece had many similarities not just only differences in almost every aspect of people?s lives. This research demonstrated just a few of them but it still makes sense. However, both civilizations were really great. They laid the foundation to vast number of important things such as religion architecture and which we are used to the present days, and our society should thank them for that. ...read more.

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