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Definitions of vocabulary in US history.

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Introduction

US History homework Vocabulary: Conquistador: a conqueror, especially one of the 16th-century Spanish soldiers who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America, or Peru. Settler: (pioneer, colonist, colonial) a person who has migrated to a less occupied area and established permanent residence there, often to colonize the area. Settlers are generally people who take up residence on land and cultivate it, as opposed to nomads. Plantation: a colonial settlement. Triangular trade: a trade between three ports or regions -> Africa sent slaves to the Americas The Americas sent sugar, tobacco and cotton to Europe. Europe sent textile, rum and manufactured goods to Africa. Pocahontas: Pocahontas is a Native American woman who saved the life of Captain John Smith, a colonial leader, who had been captured by Powhatan's warriors; she was twelve at that time. She helped try to maintain peace between the two belligerents but was later captured, baptized, named Rebecca, and then married to John Rolfe. John Rolfe: John Rolfe was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is known as the husband of Pocahontas. ...read more.

Middle

Ten to fifteen million Africans were shipped to the Americas for 200 years. 2) English Colonies James River New York St. Lawrence River Philadelphia Great Lakes Boston Ohio River Jamestown Mississippi River Plymouth Appalachian Mountains 3) French Territories French, Spanish and English territories. Plymouth Jamestown When and why did settlers first arrive? 1620. The settlers are called Pilgrims. They fled their country to preserve their religion and establish a new colony. 1607. The Virginia Company of London sent an expedition to establish a settlement in the Virginia colony. What problems were faced? Storms, disease, uncertain relations with the local Native Americans, finding food and shelter. Swampy area, isolated from hunting animals, mosquitoes, saltwater poisoning. How were they overcome? By building houses, stealing from the local tribe and attend to personal hygiene at the beach. They sailed back to London and came back with additional supplies. Describe the economies and governments. 11 members of the council govern the settlement 4) Compare Jamestown and Plymouth colonies Sum up the story of Pocahontas Pocahontas is a Native American woman who saved the life of Captain John Smith, a colonial leader, who had been captured by Powhatan's warriors; she was twelve at that time. ...read more.

Conclusion

Compare native American and European settlers lifestyle Native Americans European settlers Religion Non "written" religion with specific founders. Different religions depending on the tribe, they didn't disagree with each other. Some are polytheist. Religion led their way of life (hunting etc.) Diverse forms of Christianity were practiced depending on the Colonials; they did not agree at all. They were all monotheist. Society Lived with no rules or laws: freedom. Both: based on the principle of kinship. Men are considered "the stronger" sex Lived in a society based upon the constraints of tyranny. Both: based on the principle of kinship. Men are considered "the stronger" sex Land Victims of invasions, their lands and their populations decreased radically. Both: Adapted environment to their needs They came and settled in as they pleased as if the land was theirs. More devastating effect Both: adapted environment to their needs Perception of each other They saw the English as invaders, they were sometimes violent and other times not. Depending on the settlers, they ignored them, fought with them, or negotiated with them. Saw Native Americans' religions as superstition. They saw them as barbaric individuals. They were afraid of them at first. They saw them as inferior. ...read more.

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