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Describe the Spread of Christianity in the Middle East

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´╗┐Spread of Christianity in the Middle East Christianity originated in the Middle East in the 1st century AD and was one of the major religions of the region. Christianity spread rapidly from Jerusalem along major trade routes, encompassing Egypt, North Africa, Syria, Asia Minor, Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Southern Europe. The most populous Christian cities included Alexandria, Antioch, Rome, Constantinople (4th century), and Jerusalem (5th century). However, doctrinal disputes in the 4th and 5th centuries provoked conflict in the church. Disagreements on the worship of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary formed the premise of the conflict. ...read more.


At the end of the eleventh century, the Crusades brought in the ideas of the Roman Catholic Church from the west. After the Crusades, many eastern churches formed religious bonds, known as communions, with the Roman Catholic Church. After the publication of Martin Luther's 95 Theses in the 16th century, Catholicism and Protestantism became the two dominant branches of Christianity. During the Enlightenment, religious and cultural ideas regarding the controversial subjects of astronomy, theology, and philosophy were examined more holistically, aided by Galileo's public opposition to the Roman Catholic Church. ...read more.


Christian emigrants from all churches raised fears that Christianity could become extinct in its original homeland, including the Palestinian city of Jerusalem. All of the eastern Christian churches and the major western churches are represented in Jerusalem, whose holy places have continued to be the goal of Christian pilgrimage since the 4th century. Some of the other Eastern Churches have small communities in Jerusalem, while others are simply a diplomatic presence. There are also small communities of Anglicans, Lutherans and other reformed traditions in the city. ...read more.

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