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Did Germany plan and wage a deliberate war of aggression in 1914?

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Introduction

Did Germany plan and wage a deliberate war of aggression? The fact that Germany is blamed for causing or even planning World War One is a much debated topic, simply because there are no rights or wrong answers. Only answers that have evidence can really be considered straightforward and trustworthy, especially in the circumstances of the time, that everything can be made believable. This is one of the most analyzed; if not the most analyzed event by historians just because there are so many sides one can take. It is impossible to come to a decision for the real cause for the World War. Many historians such as A.J.P Taylor who believe that Germany was the country that sought an aggressive war have a strong argument, but there are other historians like Eric Hobsbawn who also have strong cases. Hobsbawn was a Marxist who believed that the capitalist countries had the blame. He believed that war was inevitable because the opposition was capitalist. When it comes to Germany planning World War One, many agreements and disagreements emerge. However, there is more disagreement on this opinion. Simply because there isn't much evidence that Germany was actually planning for there to be a World war, it was only planning on what it would do in the case of a war, the Schlieffen plan. ...read more.

Middle

Russia also had a colossal rearmament program since 1908. This thesis says that Germany did not cause a European war deliberately because they were expecting another response from Russia. They only expected a conflict between Austria and Serbia. Having said this, there is also the argument that Germany knew all along that Russia would intervene, therefore it would be "obliged" to defend Austria-Hungary. At the circumstances of the time Germany was looking for any solid pretext to go to war. In 1914 Germany was eager to go to war, she was well aware that the Entente powers were advancing in industry and military much faster than her. She also knew that by 1917 Russia would be completely ready to go to war; therefore she needed to use the assassination of Franz Ferdinand as an excuse. Besides, Russia's massive re-armament program would have made the Schlieffen plan useless, because Russia would have had enough time to create the railway, which would have let the enormous Russian army mobilize in days instead of weeks. It wouldn't have worked because the Schlieffen plan depended on Russia's slow mobilization. This means that Germany did start the European war deliberately, because it needed to go to war one way or the other. ...read more.

Conclusion

In order to get these resources they will look for easy/weak countries to take over, many of which were in Africa. I agree with Hobsbawns thesis because after industrialism comes imperialism. To conclude, I believe that Germany did not plan a European war, but it was definitely the main contributor, due to many mistakes made by the leaders. However, I do believe that if all the countries wouldn't have wanted to go to war, then there would have been no war, because they would have all united against Germany thus Germany would have dared attack. Many different events added tension to the situation, like the alliances, Moroccan Crisis, naval arms race, Balkan wars etc. By bearing in mind so many opinions by historians, to accuse Germany of deliberately causing World War One is extremely hard because there are so many sides one can take; it is almost as if none of them is right or wrong. We will never know the real cause of World War One. However, due to many strong evidences I must say that Germany did wage a deliberate war of aggression, BUT she did not plan the war. Industrialism played a major role, because it is what made the powers ambitious to seek resources, which in turn converted into imperialism and from imperialism to militarism and from militarism to World War One. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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